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The Battle of Zborov (Зборовское сражение in Russian, Schlacht bei Zborów in German, bitva u Zborova in Czech and Slovak) was a part of the Kerensky Offensive, (the last Russian offensive in World War I, taking place in July 1917). The battle was the first significant action of the Czechoslovak Legions (volunteers fighting against the Central Powers) on the Eastern Front and the only successful engagement of the failed Russian offensive.As the reliability of many Russian military formations was in doubt, only units that volunteered to attack were used in the offensive. Among those who did was the Czechoslovak Riflemen Brigade (Československá střelecká brigáda) formed from three regiments of Czechs and Slovaks. The brigade (about 3,530 men), was low on equipment and training. Moreover, this was the first use of the brigade as a single formation; previously, the Russian command had used only smaller units of the brigade, mostly in reconnaissance actions. On the other hand, overall morale amongst the members of the brigade was very high. The brigade was commanded by Russian colonel Vyacheslav Platonovich Trojanov, but the tactical assault plan was prepared by Czech and Slovak officers serving in the Czechoslovak Legion. Professor Thomas Masaryk, the main organizer of the Czechoslovak resistance against Austria-Hungary, was in telegraphic connection with colonel Nikolai Petrovich Mamontov so he could follow a situation from Saint Petersburg. The brigade was deployed near Zborov, a town in today's Ukraine, in a sector of secondary importance. The 4th division protected it from the north, the 6th division from the south. The enemy, the army of Austria-Hungary, deployed four well entrenched and well equipped infantry regiments (IR), the IR 6, 35, 75 and 86 (in all, about 12,000 men).

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>The Battle of Zborov (Зборовское сражение in Russian, Schlacht bei Zborów in German, bitva u Zborova in Czech and Slovak) was a part of the Kerensky Offensive, (the last Russian offensive in World War I, taking place in July 1917). The battle was the first significant action of the Czechoslovak Legions (volunteers fighting against the Central Powers) on the Eastern Front and the only successful engagement of the failed Russian offensive. ⇒「ズボロフの戦い」(ロシア語でЗборовское сражение、ドイツ語でSchlacht bei Zborów、チェコ語とスロバキア語でbitva u Zborova)は、「ケレンスキー攻勢」(1917年7月に起こった第一次世界大戦最後のロシア軍による攻撃)の一部であった。戦いは、東部戦線の「チェコスロバキア軍団」(中央同盟国と戦う志願兵)の最初の重要な戦闘で、ロシア軍の失敗した攻撃のうちで唯一成功した会戦であった。 >As the reliability of many Russian military formations was in doubt, only units that volunteered to attack were used in the offensive. Among those who did was the Czechoslovak Riflemen Brigade (Československá střelecká brigáda) formed from three regiments of Czechs and Slovaks. The brigade (about 3,530 men), was low on equipment and training. Moreover, this was the first use of the brigade as a single formation; previously, the Russian command had used only smaller units of the brigade, mostly in reconnaissance actions. On the other hand, overall morale amongst the members of the brigade was very high. ⇒多くのロシア軍の編成隊に対する信頼感は疑わしく、唯一志願したボランティア部隊のみが攻撃に使われた。そうした人々の間にチェコ軍とスロバキア軍の3個連隊から成るチェコスロバキア軍のライフル射手旅団(Ceskoslovenská střelecká brigáda)あった。その旅団(およそ3,530人の兵士)の装備と訓練は貧弱であった。その上、これは単一の編成隊としての旅団の最初の使用であった。それ以前には、ロシア軍の指揮官は小さな規模の旅団しか使ったことがなく、しかもそれは大部分が斥候調査用であった。他方で、旅団のメンバーの間の全体的な士気は非常に高かった。 >The brigade was commanded by Russian colonel Vyacheslav Platonovich Trojanov, but the tactical assault plan was prepared by Czech and Slovak officers serving in the Czechoslovak Legion. Professor Thomas Masaryk, the main organizer of the Czechoslovak resistance against Austria-Hungary, was in telegraphic connection with colonel Nikolai Petrovich Mamontov so he could follow a situation from Saint Petersburg. ⇒旅団は、ロシア軍のビアチェスラフ・プラトノビッチ・トロジャノフ大佐によって指揮されたが、戦術的な攻撃計画はチェコスロバキア軍団に仕えるチェコとスロバキアの将校によって作成された。オーストリア‐ハンガリー軍に対するチェコスロバキア抵抗隊の主なまとめ役であるトーマス・マサリク教授は、ニコライ・ペトロビッチ・マモントフ大佐と電信でつながっていたので、彼はセント・ペテルスブルグから来る状況に追随することができた。 >The brigade was deployed near Zborov, a town in today's Ukraine, in a sector of secondary importance. The 4th division protected it from the north, the 6th division from the south. The enemy, the army of Austria-Hungary, deployed four well entrenched and well equipped infantry regiments (IR), the IR 6, 35, 75 and 86 (in all, about 12,000 men). ⇒旅団は、第2の重要性の地区、ズボロフ(今日のウクライナの町)の近くに布陣した。第4師団がそれを北から、第6師団が南から保護した。敵兵であるオーストリア‐ハンガリー軍は、よく装備して身を固めた4個の歩兵連隊(IR)、第6、第35、第75、第86の各連隊(全員で約12,000人の兵士)が布陣した。

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