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The unanticipated duration of the offensive made Verdun a matter of German prestige as much as it was for the French and Falkenhayn became dependent on a British relief offensive and a German counter-offensive to end the stalemate. When it came, the collapse of the southern front in Russia and the power of the Anglo-French attack on the Somme reduced the German armies to holding their positions as best they could. On 29 August, Falkenhayn was sacked and replaced by Hindenburg and Ludendorff, who ended the German offensive at Verdun on 2 September. In 1980, Terraine gave c. 750,000 Franco-German casualties in 299 days of battle; Dupuy and Dupuy gave 542,000 French casualties in 1993. Heer and Naumann calculated 377,231 French and 337,000 German casualties, a monthly average of 70,000 casualties in 2000.

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>The unanticipated duration of the offensive made Verdun a matter of German prestige as much as it was for the French and Falkenhayn became dependent on a British relief offensive and a German counter-offensive to end the stalemate. ⇒攻撃の継続期間が予想できないので、ヴェルダン戦はドイツ軍の威信に関わる問題となったが、それはフランス軍にとっても同じであった。手詰まり状態を終えるのは、英国軍の救援攻撃とドイツ軍の反撃(の攻防関係)次第となり、ファルケンハインとしてはただそれに依存する(成行きを見守る)ことになった。 >When it came, the collapse of the southern front in Russia and the power of the Anglo-French attack on the Somme reduced the German armies to holding their positions as best they could. On 29 August, Falkenhayn was sacked and replaced by Hindenburg and Ludendorff, who ended the German offensive at Verdun on 2 September. ⇒それ(手詰まり解消)がやって来たとき、ロシア南部前線の崩壊とソンムへの英仏攻撃の軍力によって、ドイツ方面軍としてはその陣地の保持が彼らのできるベストに引き下げられた。8月29日にファルケンハインは解任され、ヒンデンブルクおよびルーデンドルフと交代した。そして、その両人は9月2日にヴェルダンでのドイツ軍の攻撃を終了した。 >In 1980, Terraine gave c. 750,000 Franco-German casualties in 299 days of battle; Dupuy and Dupuy gave 542,000 French casualties in 1993. Heer and Naumann calculated 377,231 French and 337,000 German casualties, a monthly average of 70,000 casualties in 2000. ⇒1980年に、テレーンは299日の戦いで約750,000人のフランス・ドイツ両軍の犠牲者合計数値を挙げた。そして、デュピュイは、1993年に542,000人のフランス軍犠牲者数値を挙げた。ヒアーとナウマンは2000年に、フランス軍377,231人とドイツ軍337,000人の犠牲者数、月々の平均70,000人の(合計)犠牲者数を計算した。

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