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The Chemin des Dames ridge had been quarried for stone for centuries, leaving a warren of caves and tunnels which were used as shelters by German troops to escape the French bombardment. The offensive met massed German machine-gun and artillery fire, which inflicted many casualties and repulsed the French infantry at many points. The French still achieved some substantial tactical successes and took c. 29,000 prisoners in their attacks on the Chemin des Dames and in Champagne but failed to achieve their strategic objective of a decisive defeat over the Germans. The failure had a traumatic effect on the morale of the French army and many divisions mutinied. Nivelle was superseded by General Philippe Pétain, who adopted a strategy of "healing and defence"; on 19 May Pétain issued Directive No 1 for limited offensives, intended to resume the wearing-out of the German Army while conserving French infantry. The new French strategy was not one of passive defence. In June and July the Fourth, Sixth and Tenth Armies managed to conduct several limited attacks and the First Army was sent to Flanders to participate in the Third Battle of Ypres.

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>The Chemin des Dames ridge had been quarried for stone for centuries, leaving a warren of caves and tunnels which were used as shelters by German troops to escape the French bombardment. The offensive met massed German machine-gun and artillery fire, which inflicted many casualties and repulsed the French infantry at many points. The French still achieved some substantial tactical successes and took c. 29,000 prisoners in their attacks on the Chemin des Dames and in Champagne but failed to achieve their strategic objective of a decisive defeat over the Germans. ⇒シュマン・デ・ダムの尾根は何世紀もの間、採石のための場だったので、フランス軍の爆撃を逃れるためにドイツ軍隊が避難所として使った洞穴や地下道の迷路が残っている。攻撃隊は、ドイツ軍の機関銃と大砲の大量砲火に見舞われて、フランス歩兵連隊が多くの犠牲者を負い、多くの地点で撃退された。それでもフランス軍はかなりの戦術的な成功を収めて、シュマン・デ・ダムやシャンパーニュ地方への攻撃で約29,000人の囚人を捕縛した。ただし、ドイツ軍に決定的な敗北を負わせるという戦略的な目的を達成することには失敗した。 >The failure had a traumatic effect on the morale of the French army and many divisions mutinied. Nivelle was superseded by General Philippe Pétain, who adopted a strategy of "healing and defence"; on 19 May Pétain issued Directive No 1 for limited offensives, intended to resume the wearing-out of the German Army while conserving French infantry. The new French strategy was not one of passive defence. In June and July the Fourth, Sixth and Tenth Armies managed to conduct several limited attacks and the First Army was sent to Flanders to participate in the Third Battle of Ypres. ⇒この失敗はフランス軍の士気に外傷となる影響を及ぼして、多くの師団が反乱を起こした。(ここで)フィリップ・ペタン将軍が、ニヴェーユに取って代わって、「治癒と防御」の戦略を採用した。5月19日、ペタンは限定的な攻撃のために「指令No 1」を出して、フランス歩兵連隊を節約する一方で、ドイツ方面軍の疲労の進行を再開することを目指した。この新しいフランス軍の戦略は、受動的防御というものではなかった。6月と7月に、第4、6、10方面軍が何とか限られた攻撃を幾つか遂行することができたし、第1方面軍は第3回「イープルの戦い」に加わるためにフランドルへ派遣された。

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