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The Battle of Rafa, also known as the Action of Rafah, fought on 9 January 1917, was the third and final battle to complete the recapture of the Sinai Peninsula by British forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. The Desert Column of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) attacked an entrenched Ottoman Army garrison at El Magruntein to the south of Rafa, close to the frontier between the Sultanate of Egypt and the Ottoman Empire, to the north and east of Sheikh Zowaiid. The attack marked the beginning of fighting in the Ottoman territory of Palestine. After the British Empire victories at the Battle of Romani in August 1916 and the Battle of Magdhaba in December, the Ottoman Army had been forced back to the southern edge of Palestine as the EEF pushed eastwards supported by extended lines of communication.

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>The Battle of Rafa, also known as the Action of Rafah, fought on 9 January 1917, was the third and final battle to complete the recapture of the Sinai Peninsula by British forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. ⇒1917年1月9日の「ラファの戦い」は、第一次世界大戦の「シナイ・パレスチナ野戦」の間に英国軍がシナイ半島の奪還を完了しようとした第3回目にして最終的な戦闘で、「ラファの激戦行動」としても知られる。 >The Desert Column of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) attacked an entrenched Ottoman Army garrison at El Magruntein to the south of Rafa, close to the frontier between the Sultanate of Egypt and the Ottoman Empire, to the north and east of Sheikh Zowaiid. The attack marked the beginning of fighting in the Ottoman territory of Palestine. ⇒エジプトのイスラム教君主国とオスマン帝国とがシェイク・ゾワイードの北と東に接していたが、その両国間の国境近くにあるラファ南方のエル・マグルタインで塹壕にこもるオスマントルコ軍守備隊をエジプト遠征軍(EEF)の砂漠縦隊が攻撃した。パレスチナのオスマントルコ軍領土への攻撃が、戦いの始まりを画した。 >After the British Empire victories at the Battle of Romani in August 1916 and the Battle of Magdhaba in December, the Ottoman Army had been forced back to the southern edge of Palestine as the EEF pushed eastwards supported by extended lines of communication. ⇒1916年8月の「ロマーニの戦い」と12月の「マグダバの戦い」での大英帝国勝利の後、その連絡拡張戦線から支援を得てエジプト遠征軍がオスマントルコ軍を東方へ押したので、彼らはパレスチナの南端に押し戻された。

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