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Conflicts took place in North Africa during World War I (1914–1918), between the Entente and the Central powers. The Senussi of Libya sided with the Ottoman Empire against the British Empire and the Kingdom of Italy. On 14 November 1914, the Ottoman Sultan proclaimed Jihad and sought to create a diversion to draw British troops from the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. The Italian state wished to preserve the gains made in the Italo-Turkish War. The Senussi Campaign took place in north Africa, from 23 November 1915 – February 1917. In the summer of 1915, the Ottoman Empire persuaded the Grand Senussi Ahmed Sharif to attack British-occupied Egypt from the west, raise jihad and encourage an insurrection in support of an Ottoman offensive against the Suez Canal from the east. The Senussi crossed the Libyan–Egyptian border at the coast in November 1915. British Empire forces withdrew at first and then defeated the Senussi in several engagements, including the Action of Agagia. The British re-captured the territory along the coast by March 1916, with the Western Frontier Force of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, which included the 1st South African Infantry Brigade.

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以下のとおりお答えします。北アフリカにおける協商国(連合国)と同盟国との争い、および後者に加担するセヌッシ族などについて述べています。(うまい訳文でなくて恐縮です。) >Conflicts took place in North Africa during World War I (1914–1918), between the Entente and the Central powers. The Senussi of Libya sided with the Ottoman Empire against the British Empire and the Kingdom of Italy. On 14 November 1914, the Ottoman Sultan proclaimed Jihad and sought to create a diversion to draw British troops from the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. The Italian state wished to preserve the gains made in the Italo-Turkish War. The Senussi Campaign took place in north Africa, from 23 November 1915 – February 1917.⇒第一次世界大戦(1914-1918年)中に北アフリカで協商国(英仏など)と同盟国(独墺など)との間で衝突が起こった。リビアのセヌッシ族は大英帝国やイタリア王国に反発してオスマントルコ帝国に味方した。1914年11月14日、オスマントルコのスルタンが聖戦を宣言し、英国軍を「シナイ半島・パレスチナ会戦」から引かせるために牽制材料を作り出すことに努めた。イタリア国家は、「イタリア-トルコ戦争」で獲得した利得の維持を望んだ。「セヌッシ会戦」は、1915年11月23日-1917年2月に北アフリカで勃発した。 >In the summer of 1915, the Ottoman Empire persuaded the Grand Senussi Ahmed Sharif to attack British-occupied Egypt from the west, raise jihad and encourage an insurrection in support of an Ottoman offensive against the Suez Canal from the east. The Senussi crossed the Libyan–Egyptian border at the coast in November 1915. ⇒1915年夏、オスマントルコ帝国は、大セヌッシ・アーメド・シャリフ(マホメットの直系子孫)を説得して、西から英国占領下のエジプトを攻撃させ、聖戦を鼓舞して、東からスエズ運河に対するオスマントルコ軍の攻撃を支持する暴動を激励した。1915年11月、セヌッシは、沿岸のリビア-エジプトの境を越えた。 >British Empire forces withdrew at first and then defeated the Senussi in several engagements, including the Action of Agagia. The British re-captured the territory along the coast by March 1916, with the Western Frontier Force of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, which included the 1st South African Infantry Brigade. ⇒大英帝国軍は、最初は撤退し、それから「アガジャの交戦」を含む幾つかの会戦においてセヌッシを破った。1916年3月までに、英国軍はエジプト遠征軍の西側前線軍とともに沿岸沿いの領土を再度攻略した。それには第1南アフリカ歩兵旅団も加勢した。

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    In February 1916, the Western Frontier Force was reinforced and a British column was sent west along the coast to re-capture Sollum. Air reconnaissance discovered a Senussi encampment at Agagia, which was attacked in the Action of Agagia on 26 February. The Senussi were defeated and then intercepted by the Dorset Yeomanry who charged across open ground swept by machine-gun and rifle fire as the Senussi withdrew. The British lost half their horses and 58 of 184 men but prevented the Senussi from slipping away. Jaafar Pasha the commander of the Senussi forces on the coast was captured and Sollum was re-occupied by British forces on 14 March 1916, which concluded the coastal campaign.

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