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Next day British armoured cars entered Junction Station, succeeding in cutting off communication between the Turkish Seventh and Eighth Armies.  Kressenstein's force was meanwhile pushed back beyond Jaffa. While the attack at El Mughar was being conducted the Australian Mounted Division had managed to slow the advance of the Turkish Seventh Army.  Clearly seeking a breakthrough Fevsi's force succeeded in pushing the Australians back several kilometres but the Allied line nevertheless held. Fevsi finally determined to withdraw his army to cover the approaches to Jerusalem, which Allenby after a pause captured the following month. Click here to view a map detailing actions fought during 1917. The Battle of Ayun Kara (14 November 1917), was an engagement in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War. The battle was fought between the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade and a similar sized rearguard from the Turkish 3rd Infantry Division, which was part of the XXII Corps of the Ottoman Eighth Army's 8th Army under Kress von Kressenstein.[nb 1] Following their success in the battles of Beersheba, Gaza, and Mughar Ridge, the Egyptian Expeditionary Force was pursuing the retreating Turkish forces north. The New Zealanders, part of the ANZAC Mounted Division, were on the divisions' left heading towards Rishon LeZion, when nine miles (14 km) south of Jaffa they encountered the Turkish rearguard on the edge of sand dunes to the west of the villages of Surafend el Harab and Ayun Kara. The Turkish forces consisted of around 1,500 infantry, supported by machine-guns and artillery. The battle started in the afternoon with the New Zealanders caught in the open. Despite Turkish artillery, machine-gun fire, and infantry assaults, the New Zealanders gradually fought their way forward. The New Zealanders won the battle for the cost of 44 dead and 81 wounded. The Turkish casualties were 182 dead and an unknown number of wounded, but it was their last attempt to secure their lines of communications. By that night the Turks were in full retreat and soon after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force occupied Jerusalem.

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>Next day British armoured cars entered Junction Station, succeeding in cutting off communication between the Turkish Seventh and Eighth Armies. Kressenstein's force was meanwhile pushed back beyond Jaffa. ⇒その翌日、英国軍の装甲車が接合駅に入って、トルコ軍第7、第8方面軍の間の通信を切り離すことに成功した。その間にクレッセンシュタイン軍団はヤッファの向こうに押し戻された。 >While the attack at El Mughar was being conducted the Australian Mounted Division had managed to slow the advance of the Turkish Seventh Army. Clearly seeking a breakthrough Fevsi's force succeeded in pushing the Australians back several kilometres but the Allied line nevertheless held. Fevsi finally determined to withdraw his army to cover the approaches to Jerusalem, which Allenby after a pause captured the following month. ⇒エル・ムガールでの攻撃が実施されている間に、オーストラリア騎馬師団は何とかしてトルコ第7方面軍の進軍を遅らせていた。フェヴシ軍団は、明らかに突破作戦を模索してオーストラリア軍を数キロ押し返すことに成功したが、それにもかかわらず、連合国軍の戦線は持ちこたえた。 フェヴシは、最終的に、エルサレムへの接近を擁護するために彼の軍隊を引き戻すことに決めたが、アレンビーは休止後の翌月にそのエルサレムを攻略した。 >Click here to view a map detailing actions fought during 1917. The Battle of Ayun Kara (14 November 1917), was an engagement in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War. The battle was fought between the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade and a similar sized rearguard from the Turkish 3rd Infantry Division, which was part of the XXII Corps of the Ottoman Eighth Army's 8th Army under Kress von Kressenstein.[nb 1] ⇒1917年間の戦闘詳細図一覧はここをクリック。 「アユン・カーラの戦い」(1917年11月14日)は、第一次世界大戦中の「シナイ・パレスチナ野戦」における会戦であった。戦いは、ニュージーランド騎馬ライフル旅団と、同様の規模のトルコ軍第3歩兵師団後衛部隊との間で行われた。その後衛部隊は、トルコ軍第8方面軍のクレス・フォン・クレッセンシュタイン指揮下の第8方面軍第XXII軍団の一部であった。〔注1〕 >Following their success in the battles of Beersheba, Gaza, and Mughar Ridge, the Egyptian Expeditionary Force was pursuing the retreating Turkish forces north. The New Zealanders, part of the ANZAC Mounted Division, were on the divisions' left heading towards Rishon LeZion, when nine miles (14 km) south of Jaffa they encountered the Turkish rearguard on the edge of sand dunes to the west of the villages of Surafend el Harab and Ayun Kara. The Turkish forces consisted of around 1,500 infantry, supported by machine-guns and artillery. ⇒ベールシェバ、ガザ、およびムガール・リッジの戦いでの成功に続き、エジプト遠征軍は、退却するトルコ軍団を北に追跡していた。アンザック騎馬師団の一部、ニュージーランド軍は、リション・レジオンへ向かう師団の左翼、ヤッファの9マイル(14キロ)南にいたが、その時彼らはスラフェンド・エル・ハラブ村とアユン・カーラ村西の砂丘の辺縁でトルコ軍の後衛部隊と交戦した。トルコ軍団は、機関銃と大砲によって支援された約1,500人の歩兵隊から成っていた。 >The battle started in the afternoon with the New Zealanders caught in the open. Despite Turkish artillery, machine-gun fire, and infantry assaults, the New Zealanders gradually fought their way forward. The New Zealanders won the battle for the cost of 44 dead and 81 wounded. The Turkish casualties were 182 dead and an unknown number of wounded, but it was their last attempt to secure their lines of communications. By that night the Turks were in full retreat and soon after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force occupied Jerusalem. ⇒戦いは、午後、開けた野外でニュージーランド軍が襲われて始まった。トルコ軍の大砲、機関銃砲火、および歩兵の猛攻撃にもかかわらず、ニュージーランド軍は徐々に前方へ活路を見出した。 ニュージーランド軍は、死者44人および負傷者81人の被害があったが、戦いに勝った。トルコ軍の死傷者数は、死者182人で、負傷者数は計り知れなかったが、彼らにとってはこれが通信線を確保する最後の試みであった。その日の夜までにトルコ軍は完全な退却の体制に入り、そのすぐ後、エジプト遠征軍はエルサレムを占拠した。

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