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英文の添削&解説をお願いします!

1)Mary is studying, so you (not/her/had/interrupt/better). →had not better interrupt her 2)(be/lot/used/of/there/a/to) fireflies in Japan. →There used to be a lot of 3)She refused to accept this truth. She could not and [would] not believe that I was mentally and physically handicapped. 1,[Would] you so kindly lend me a hand? 2,He said he [would] arrive by the first train tomorrow morning. 3.No matter how hard we pushed, the door [would] not open. 4,On Sundays he [would] sit for hours doing nothing. 4)I do hope I'm not intruding and I know how busy you [must] be. 1,All living things [must] die. 2,He [must] be tired, because he has been working since eight o'clock this morning. 3,Many people think the ability to understand English is a [must]. 4.You [must] be very careful in driving a car to avoid a traffic accident. 1,2は()内の並べ替え、3,4は[ ]内の助動詞に最も近い意味の助動詞を含む英文を選ぶ問題です。 特に3,4はわかりやすく解説してくださると助かります。 よろしくお願いします。

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  • 回答No.2

No.1です。 訳を添えないといけなかったですね。 1)メアリーは勉強している、だからあなたは彼女を邪魔しない方が良い。 2)日本には、(かつて)多くの蛍が居たものだ。 3)彼女はこの真実を受け入れることを拒否した。私に精神的そして肉体的障害があるということを、彼女は信じることができなかったし、また信じようとしなかった。 1,よろしければ手を貸していただけませんか? 2,彼は明日の朝の始発で到着するだろうと言っていた。 3,私達がどんなに強く押しても、そのドアはどうしても開こうとしなかった。 4,日曜日には、彼は何もせず、何時間も座っていたものだ。 4)本当に、お邪魔になっていなければ良いのですが。あなたがどれだけ忙しいに違いないのか、分かっていますので。 1,すべての生き物は死ななければならない。 2,彼は疲れているに違いない、今朝8時からずっと働いているのだから。 3,多くの人が、英語を理解する能力は必要である、と考えている。 4,交通事故を避けるために、車を運転するときは、あなたはとても注意しなければならない。

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  • 回答No.1

1)had not better interrupt her →had better not interrupt her →had better の否定文は、had better not 2)There used to be a lot of →used to は助動詞のように扱うので、これで正解 3)She could not and [would] not believe that I was mentally and physically handicapped. →「~しようとしない」強い意志 1,[Would] you so kindly lend me a hand? →「してもらえないだろうか?」丁寧な表現 2,He said he [would] arrive by the first train tomorrow morning. →推量や予定を表す will の過去形(時制の一致) 3.No matter how hard we pushed, the door [would] not open. →「~しようとしない」強い意志 4,On Sundays he [would] sit for hours doing nothing. →「~したものだった」過去の習慣 よって、正解は(3)となります。 4)I do hope I'm not intruding and I know how busy you [must] be. →「~にちがいない」強い推量 1,All living things [must] die. →「~しなければならない」義務 2,He [must] be tired, because he has been working since eight o'clock this morning. →「~にちがいない」強い推量 3,Many people think the ability to understand English is a [must]. →「必要なもの」という意味の名詞 4,You [must] be very careful in driving a car to avoid a traffic accident. →「~しなければならない」義務 よって、正解は(2)となります。 お役に立てますように。

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