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日本語訳を! 5-(7)

お願いします。 (18) Abydos wasn't the only sacred site. There were many others throughout Egypt. Some temples were mortuary temples for dead kings, and others were built to honor a particular god. Some, like Abydos, were both. Abydos honored Osiris, and because Osiris was the King of the Dead, it also became an important burial ground. (19) For Egyptians, the stories about the gods were comforting and provided guidance in a world that was unpredictable and governed by forces they didn't understand. Horus watched over them in this life. Osiris watched over them in death. When their world was in turmoil, they believed it was Seth fighting with Horus that created the chaos. When all was well, they were sure that Horus had won the battle. They believed that one day Horus would defeat Seth in a smashing final combat. Then Osiris would be able to return to the world of the living and all sorrow would end. Until then, it was a god-eat-god world.

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(18) アビドスは、唯一の聖地ではありませんでした。 多くの他の聖地が、エジプト中の至る所にありました。 寺院の中には、死んだ王を弔うための寺院もありましたし、特定の神を祭るために建てられた寺院もありました。 また、アビドスのように、その両方を兼ねる寺院もありました。 アビドスは、オシリスを祭りました。そして、オシリスが、死者の王であったので、アビドスは、また、重要な埋葬地にもなりました。 (19) エジプト人にとって、神についての物語は、慰めとなるものであり、予測のできない、彼らの理解の及ばない力によって支配される世界において助言を提供しました。 ホルスは、現世で、彼らを見守りました。 オシリスは、死後の世界で、彼らを見守りました。 世の中が、乱れている時、彼らは、混沌を創り出したのは、ホルスと戦っているセトだと信じました。すべてが、順調な時は、彼らは、ホルスが戦いに勝ったのだと信じました。 ある日、ホルスが、圧倒的な闘いでセトを破ると、彼らは思っていました。 その時には、オシリスは、生者の世界に戻ることができ、すべての悲しみは終わるでしょう。 その時までは、それは、神と神の食うか食われるかの世界でした。

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  • 日本語訳を! 5-(4)

    お願いします。 (11) Osiris and Isis were two of the original nine gods. They were the children of the goddess of the sky and the god of the earth. Osiris became king of Egypt. He married the great love of his life, his sister Isis. His brother, Seth, was jealous. Seth wanted everything that Osiris had. He wanted to be king. He wanted his power. He wanted Isis. Seth pushed sibling rivalry into the evil zone. He plotted to destroy Osiris. Plutarch writes, "Seth secretly measured the body of Osiris and had made to the corresponding size a beautiful chest which was exquisitely decorated. He brought the chest to a banquet, and when the guests showed pleasure and admiration at the sight of it, Seth promised playfully that whoever would lie down in it and show that he fitted it, should have the chest as a gift." Then, in true Cinderella-and-the-glass-slipper fashion, everyone tried the coffinlike chest on for size. Some were so fat they couldn't squeeze into the box. Others were so small they slid right out. But, finally, when Osiris tried the coffin, the fit was just right. Plutarch writes that Seth "ran and slammed the lid on, and after securing it with bolts from the outside and with molten lead poured on, they took it to the river and let it go to the sea... "Osiris drowned. Death came to Egypt for the first time. (12) Seth enjoyed everything that once belonged to Osiris. But whereas Osiris was kind, Seth was cruel. There was no ma'at in Egypt with Seth in charge. There was war and hunger and lawlessness. Only Isis was unafraid of Seth. She found Osiris's body and turned herself into a bird and sang to him. In a fury, Seth cut Osiris into pieces and scattered him all over Egypt. Isis and her sister searched "in a papyrus boat, sailing through the marshes" for all his parts. They collectedthe pieces of Osiris, and with the help of Anubis, god of the dead, they sewed him back together.

  • 日本語訳を! 5-(6)

    お願いします。 (16) The statues were kept inside the temples, in the innermost room. The priests didn't believe the statue actually was the god, but they did believe the god's spirit lived inside the statue. In the morning, the high priests would break the clay seal on the sanctuary door. They would chant and burn incense. A priest would gently wake the god by lighting a torch, symbolic of the sunrise. The priests bathed, dressed, and presented food to the statue. Then when the day's rituals were completed, the priests would back out of the room, smoothing away their footprints with a reed broom. The sanctuary doors were sealed so that the god could get a good night's sleep undisturbed. (17) Plucking out your eyebrows and eyelashes may sound painful, but being a priest had advantages. For one thing, you didn't have to pay taxes. All the priests except the highest order spent only three months of the year serving at the temples. The rest of the time they lived ordinary lives, working at their professions―scribes, artists, musicians. And even the highest priests had families outside the temples.

  • 日本語訳を! 5-(5)

    お願いします。 (13) From a passage in the Pyramid Texts, we know that Isis and Osiris had a son who challenged Seth, "in the name of Horus the son who avenged his father." Each time Horus fought Seth to take back the throne, Isis protected him from injury with her power. In a final battle, Seth turned into a ferocious crocodile. But Horus managed to spearthe crocodile, killing Seth. In the end, Horus restored ma'at to Egypt. (14) When the play was over, King Neferhotep and the procdssion had arrived at Abydos. Abydos was one of the most sacred places in ancient Egypt. One legend claims that Osiris himself is buried there. Another legend says the only part of Osiris buried at Abydos is his dismembered head. (15) Unlike today's religious buildings, in ancient Egypt temples were not open to the common people. Anyone entering the temple had to be "pure" so as not to offend the god. To become pure, the priests bathed several times a day. Hair could carry dirt or worse, lice, so priests shaved their bodies every three days. They even pulled out their eyelashes. The common Egyptian could only catch a glimpse of the shrines as they were moved from place to place. When the priests brought the statue of Osiris to meet King Neferhotep, people would have lined the route, not only to see the priests sing, dance, and perform, but also to peek at the shrine.

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  • 回答No.1
noname#163441

18) Abydosは、唯一の聖地でありませんでした。 多くの他が、エジプト中至る所にありました。 若干の寺院は死んだ王のための霊安室寺院でした、そして、他の人は特定の神を礼拝するためにできていました。 いくつかは、Abydosのように、両方ともでした。 Abydosはオシリスを礼拝しました、そして、オシリスがDeadの国王であったので、それも重要な埋葬地になりました。 (19) エジプト人にとって、神についての話は、元気づけて、予測できなかった世界でガイダンスを提供して、彼らが理解しなかった軍隊によって支配しました。 ホルスは、この人生で彼らの世話をしました。 オシリスは、死で彼らの世話をしました。 世界が混乱にあったとき、彼らは混沌をつくったホルスを敵に戦うことがセスであると思っていました。 すべてがよかったとき、彼らはホルスが戦いに勝ったと確信しました。 ある日、ホルスが壊れている最終的な戦闘でセスを破ると、彼らは思っていました。 それから、オシリスは生計の世界に戻ることができます、そして、すべての悲しみは終わります。 その時までは、それは神-食べ物-神界でした

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