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お願いします (10) So what would a doctor's visit be like for someone like you in ancient Egypt? If you were a 13-year-old girl in ancient Egypt, you would likely be married and have a child. Suppose your child had a cough. If you were wealthy the doctor would come to your home. He or she (yes, there were women doctors) would begin by taking your child's pulse. "It is there that the heart speaks. It is there that every physician and every priest of Sekhmet places his fingers...." Next the doctor would ask you questions he or she had learned from medical books. These questions would be much like the questions a doctor would ask you today―with a few exceptions. The doctor would ask, "Do you have any enemies?" and "Did you get anyone angry lately?" because they believed that sometimes the ill wishes of others brought on the demons. The doctor would then chant a spell to drive out the evil spirits causing your child's illness. (11) Children were breast-fed until they were three in Egypt, and doctors knew that the health of the child was affected by what the nursing mother ate. In the case of a cough, the doctor would have you eat a mouse, so that through you, your nursing child would get the mouse medicine. Then to be sure that the spell went to the right person, the doctor would make an amulet, or charm. He'd wrap the bones of the mouse in a a linen cloth, tie it with seven knots, and hang it around your child's neck. Don't knock it. We have no cure for the common cold yet, either. But we have progressed in 6,000 years, haven't we? Our surgical blades may not be as sharp as Egyptian obsidian flakes. And our medications may have more bad side effects than the natural remedies that the ancients administered. But at least no one feeds you a mouse.

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(10) それでは、医者の往診は、古代エジプトではあなたのような人にとってどの様だったでしょうか? もしあなたが、古代エジプトで13才の少女であるならば、あなたは、たぶん結婚していて、子供がいるでしょう。 あなたの子供が咳をしていると考えてください。 あなたが裕福であれば、医者はあなたの家に来るでしょう。 彼/彼女(はい、女医がいました)は、あなたの子供の脈をとることから始めるでしょう。「心臓は、病状を語ります。 だから、セクメートの医者も神官もみんな、彼の指をそこに添えるのです ....」 次に、医者は、あなたに彼/彼女が医学書から学んだ質問をします。 これらの質問は、2,3の例外はありますが ― 医者が、今日あなたに尋ねる質問ととてもよく似ているでしょう。医者は「あなたには、敵がいますか?」、そして、「あなたは、最近誰かを怒らせましたか?」と尋ねるでしょう、なぜならば、時々他人の邪悪な願望が悪魔を連れてくると彼らが信じていたからです。 それから、あなたの子供の病気を引き起こしている悪霊を追い払うために、医者はまじないを繰り返すでしょう。 (11) エジプトでは、3才になるまで、子供たちは母乳で育てられました、それで、子供の健康が保育をする母親が食べたものに影響を受けるということを、医者は知っていました。 咳の場合、医者はあなたにハツカネズミを食べさせます、そうすれば、あなたを通して、あなたが保育をする子供はハツカネズミの薬を吸収することになります。 そして、まじないが正しい人にかけられたことを確実にするために、医者は、魔よけすなわちお守りを作ることでしょう。彼は、リネンの布でハツカネズミの骨を包み、7つの結び目でそれらを縛り、そして、それをあなたの子供の首のまわりに掛けるでしょう。 それを馬鹿にしてはいけません。 我々にも、まだありふれた風邪に対する治療法がないのですから。 しかし、我々は、6,000年で進歩したのでしょうか? 我々の外科用のメスは、エジプトの黒曜石の薄片ほど鋭くない場合があります。そして、我々の薬物は、古代人が行った自然治療より悪い副作用があるかもしれません。 しかし、少なくとも、誰もあなたにハツカネズミを食べさせはしません。

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