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1:I like my job,but I wish I made more money. Me too. If I (),I could buy a new car. (1)did (2)do (3)had (4)have 2:If I ()you, I would not accept that kind of offer. (1)am (2)have been (3)were (4)will be 3:If I() a camera with me I would have taken a picture of the lake. (1)have (2)had (3)had had (4)have had 4:Would you have taken the job if you() how terrible the conditions were? (1)knew (2)had known (3)have known (4)would have known 5:If she() late,give her this message. (1)were coming (2)would come (3)should come (4)shall come 解答と訳をお願いします

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  • gldfish
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基本的に全て仮定法を使う問題ですね。 1:I like my job,but I wish I made more money. Me too. If I (did),I could buy a new car. 「仕事は好きよ。でももっと収入があったらなと思う。 私もそう思うわ。私ももっと収入があったなら、新しい車を買えるのに。」 現実に反した今を仮定するということで、仮定法過去。 2:If I (were)you, I would not accept that kind of offer. 「もし私があなたなら、あんな依頼は受けないでしょう。」 こちらも、現実に反した今を仮定する話。 3:If I(had had) a camera with me I would have taken a picture of the lake. 「(その時)カメラを持ち合わせていたなら、その湖の写真を撮っただろうに。」 過去の現実に反して過去を仮定するということで、仮定法過去完了。 4:Would you have taken the job if you (had known) how terrible the conditions were? 「その条件がどれだけ酷いか解っていたら、その仕事を受けなかっただろうに、と思いますか?」 過去の現実に反して過去を仮定するということで、仮定法過去完了。 if節には基本的に、will, would, shall等の未来を表す助動詞は置きません。 "Would have taken"で 「しただろうに、と思う」と過去に反した過去の推測になりますので、それが疑問文になれば「だろうに、と思いますか?」・・・ちょっと日本語としては無理ありますが、意図をしっかり表すには仕方ないですね。 5:If she(were coming) late, give her this message. 「万が一彼女が遅く来たら、この伝言を伝えて。」 こちらも同様に、if節には、基本的に助動詞は置きません。 この場合、到底あり得そうにない話を仮定するということで、過去形になっています。

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  • 回答No.2

自分で調べましょう~

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  • 回答No.1

1:I like my job, but I wish I made more money. Me too. If I (did),I could buy a new car. (1)did (2)do (3)had (4)have 仕事は気に入ってるんだけど、もっと稼げたらなぁ。 俺もだよ。もっと稼いだら車買うんだぁ。 2:If I (were)you, I would not accept that kind of offer. (1)am (2)have been (3)were (4)will be もしあんただったら、そんな要求は飲まなかったね。 3:If I(had) a camera with me, I would have taken a picture of the lake. (1)have (2)had (3)had had (4)have had カメラがあったら、湖の写真を撮っただろうな。 4:Would you have taken the job if you (had known) how terrible the conditions were? (1)knew (2)had known (3)have known (4)would have known どんなにひどい状況か解ってたら、あの仕事引き受けたかい。 5:If she(were coming) late, give her this message. (1)were coming (2)would come (3)should come (4)shall come もし彼女遅れて来たら、この伝言渡してくれる。

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