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英語 仮定法

自分の答えが合っているかと 間違っていた問題も合っていた問題も訳や説明をいただけると嬉しいです ・My father (give/smoking/up/wishes/could/he). →wishes he could give up smoking ・I (I/when/had been/Tom/called on/him/at home/wish). →wish Tom had been at home when I called on him. ・You (seen/a ghost/look/if/had/as/you). →look as if you had seen a ghost. ・"Why didn't you tell me she married him?" "()" 1 I have told you because I had known it. 2 I told you because I married her. 3 I would have told you if I had known it. 4 She married him because I had known it.→1 ・If () not for his help, I would not be able to finish the work. 1 I had 2 it were 3 there were 4 they had→2 ・Ken must have had an accident on his way home; (), he would have been here by now. 1 otherwise 2 if 3 but 4 for→1 わからなかった問題です ・並び替え 1 (you/would/she/do/if/what)won a goal medal in the Olympics. 2 (about/we/is/on/set/time/off/it) a camping holiday. ・間違った部分を選んで直す 1 (1 Were) the would (2 to come) to an end, we (3 will) carry (4 on) the plan. 2 Had I (1 knew) that she (2 didn't feel) very well yesterday, I wouldn't have (3 asked) her to(4 work late).

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  • 回答No.2
  • sayshe
  • ベストアンサー率77% (4555/5903)

・My father (give/smoking/up/wishes/could/he). →wishes he could give up smoking ⇒○ 私の父は、タバコをやめることができると良いのだがと思っています。(実際は止められない) ・I (I/when/had been/Tom/called on/him/at home/wish). →wish Tom had been at home when I called on him. ⇒○ 私が訪ねた時トムが家にいたら良かったのに。 ・You (seen/a ghost/look/if/had/as/you). →look as if you had seen a ghost. ⇒○ あなたはまるで幽霊を見たような顔つきだ。 ・"Why didn't you tell me she married him?" "()" 1 I have told you because I had known it. 2 I told you because I married her. 3 I would have told you if I had known it. 4 She married him because I had known it.→1⇒3 「どうして彼女が彼と結婚したことを私に教えてくれなかったのですか?」 1.(その前に)知っていたので、私はあなたに教えたばかりです。 2.私が彼女と結婚したので、私はあなたに言いました。 3.知っていたら、私はあなたに言った(教えた)のですが。 4.私がそれを知っていたので、彼女は彼と結婚しました。 ・If () not for his help, I would not be able to finish the work. 1 I had 2 it were 3 there were 4 they had→2⇒○ 彼の助けがなければ、私はその仕事を終えることができないでしょう。 ・Ken must have had an accident on his way home; (), he would have been here by now. 1 otherwise 2 if 3 but 4 for→1⇒○ 家に帰る途中で、ケンは事故に会ったに違いありません;そうでなければ、彼は今ごろはここにいるでしょう。 わからなかった問題です ・並び替え 1 (you/would/she/do/if/what)won a goal medal in the Olympics.(→?) What would you do if she won a gold medal in the Olympics? もし彼女がオリンピックで金メダルを取ったらあなたはどうしますか? あるいは、 What would she do if you won a gold medal in the Olympics? もしあなたがオリンピックで金メダルを取ったら彼女はどうするでしょう? 2 (about/we/is/on/set/time/off/it) a camping holiday. It is about time we set off on a camping holiday. そろそろ私たちがキャンプ休暇に出発する時刻です。 ☆set-set-set で無変化の動詞ですが、ここで使われた、set は過去形です。 仮定法 7-3 http://eigogakusyu-web.com/grammar/110/#TITLE_07_03 * set off on「~に出発する」 http://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=set+off+on * camping holiday http://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=camping+holiday&ref=sa ・間違った部分を選んで直す 1 (1 Were) the would(→world) (2 to come) to an end, we (3 will) carry (4 on) the plan. 3. will→would もしかりに世界が終わりになっても、私たちはその計画を継続するだろう。 ☆If the world were to come to an end, we would carry on the plan. の If が省略されて倒置になった文です。 学校文法の分類で、仮定法未来の項目で出てくると思いますが、 If S shoud 原形 ..., S 【助動詞】原形 ... もし万一Sが~だったら、Sは~でしょう」 の帰結節の【助動詞】は、現在形、過去形どちらでもかまいませんが、 If S were to 原形 ..., S 【助動詞】原形 ... では、帰結節の【助動詞】は、過去形です。 http://www.e-bunpou.net/kateihou-mirai.html 2 Had I (1 knew) that she (2 didn't feel) very well yesterday, I wouldn't have (3 asked) her to(4 work late). 1. knew→known もし彼女が昨日気分が良くない事を知っていたら、私は彼女に残業するように頼まなかったでしょうに。 ☆If I had known that she didn't feel very well yesterday, I wouldn't have asked her to work late. と言う仮定法過去完了のIfが省略されて倒置になった文です。

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  • 回答No.1
  • bakansky
  • ベストアンサー率48% (3495/7224)

・"Why didn't you tell me she married him?" "()" 1 I have told you because I had known it. 2 I told you because I married her. 3 I would have told you if I had known it. 4 She married him because I had known it.→1  私だったら 3 を選びます。「彼女が彼と結婚したことをどうして教えてくれなかったんだ・ 「知ってたら教えたよ」 ということではないでしょうか。 1 (you/would/she/do/if/what)won a gold medal in the Olympics? 2 (about/we/is/on/set/time/off/it) a camping holiday.  1. What would you do if she ... (もしも彼女がオリンピックで金メダルを取ったらどうする?)  2. It is about time we set off on ... (そろそろ我々がキャンピング休暇に出かけてもいい頃だ) 1 (1 Were) the world (2 to come) to an end, we (3 will) carry (4 on) the plan. 2 Had I (1 knew) that she (2 didn't feel) very well yesterday, I wouldn't have (3 asked) her to(4 work late).  1. Were the world is to come to an end, we will carry on the plan. (もしも世界が終わりになるとしても、我々はその計画を続けるだろう) Were the world is to ... = If the world were to ...  2. Had I known that she didn't feel very well yesterday, I wouldn't have asked her to work late. (昨日彼女が具合が悪かったのだと知っていたら、彼女に残業してくれと頼まなかったのだが) 他はいいと思います。なお、私の回答、あるいは解釈の中に、誤りがないとは限りません。私の勉強にはなりました。

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