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The British reached Mons on 22 August. On that day, the French Fifth Army, located on the right of the BEF, was heavily engaged with the German 2nd and 3rd armies at the Battle of Charleroi. At the request of the Fifth Army commander, General Charles Lanrezac, the BEF commander, Field Marshal Sir John French, agreed to hold the line of the Condé–Mons–Charleroi Canal for twenty-four hours, to prevent the advancing German 1st Army from threatening the French left flank. The British thus spent the day digging in along the canal.

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英国軍は8月22日にモンスに到着した。その日、フランス第五軍はBEFの右翼に布陣して、シャルルロイの戦闘でドイツ第2.軍、第3軍と激戦を交わした。第五軍司令官、チャールズ・ランレザク将軍の要請で、BEF司令官のサー・ジョン・フレンチ元帥はコンデーモンスーシャルルロイの戦線を24時間維持し、フランスの左側面を脅かすことになるドイツ第1軍の進撃を阻止することに同意した。 英国軍は一日中、運河に沿って塹壕を掘った。

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