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The Fifth Army retreat after the Battle of Charleroi, arguably saved the French army from decisive defeat, as it prevented the much sought envelopment of the Schlieffen plan. After fighting another defensive action in the Battle of St. Quentin, the French were pushed to within miles of Paris. Lanrezac was sacked by Joffre on 3 September (four days after General Pierre Ruffey, the Third Army commander) and replaced by Lieutenant-General Louis Franchet d'Espèrey. The 1934 work by the French Fascist and writer Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, The Comedy of Charleroi, explores the author's role in the battle. Casualties In 2001 Brose recorded 10,000 Fifth Army losses and in 2009, Herwig recorded that the 3rd Army had 4,275 casualties at Dinant. On the western flank of the French, the BEF lost 1,600 men.

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シャルルロイの戦闘ののち第五軍は撤退した。シュリーフェンプランに伴う幾多の包囲をくぐって、決定的な敗北から何とかフランス軍を残した。 のちにおきた別の防衛戦であるセント・クエンティンの戦闘ではフランス軍はパリから1マイルのところまで押し戻された。 ランレザクは9月3日にジョフレにより解任され(4日後には第三軍司令官のピエール・ルフィー大将も)、ルイス・フランシェ・デスペレー中将と交代した。 フランスのファシストで作家のピエール・ドリュー・ラ・ロシェルは、1934年に、作者自らの戦闘経験を「シャルルロイの喜劇」として著作した。 損害 2001年、ブローズは第五軍の損害を10.000名と記録し、2009年ヘルビヒは、第三軍がディナンで4,275名の損害を出したと記録した。フランスの西部側面、英国遠征軍(BEF)は1,600名を失った。

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