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16-4日本語訳

お願いします。  O!Noble Man:  Our two hosts have been shattered by the fight,  The wild beasts batten on the brains of men,  The horses' hoofs are trampling on their bones,  Now both of us are heroes,brave and young,  Both paladins of eloquence and brain,  Why the slaughter be the soldier's lot  Or bare survival after combating. Alexander's first messenger war poor unlucky King Ambhi,but Porus chased that traitor away with a spear,so Alexander sent someone else.This time,after Porus had dirmounted from his horse and had a drink of water,he agreed to meet with Alexander.Although Greek historian Arrian said that Alexander won,he also said that when Alexander asked Porus how he wanted to be treated,Porus answered,“as a King. Many historians today believe that the battle ended in a tie.Alexander granted Porus not only the land that was already his,but a good part of King Ambhi's land as well.  Although Alexander was ready to go farther,after the battle with Porus his Greek soldiers had had enough,and they refused.Their return was horrible.After fighting their way down through unfriendly India settlements along the Indus River to the sea,most of the army died while trying to make its way home along the treacherous and waterless Makran coast between India and Mesopotamia.Although Alexander himself got to Mesopotamia safely,he died there a few years later,when he was only 32 years old.  From an Indian point of view,the invasion of Alexander the Great was far less important than the adventures of one of King Porus's allies,a minor prince named Chandragupta.The story goes that Alexander thought that Chandragupta was not respectful enough to him and tried to have him killed,but Chandragupta ran away.By 317 BCE,the prince who ran in fear of his life would control half of the Indian subcontinent,everything from present-day Afghanistan to Bangladesh and Nepal to the central Deccan plateau-including all of the South Asian territory once held by Alexander,Porus,and Ambhi.

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 ああ! 高貴なる男:  我々の2つの軍隊は、戦いに傷つきたり、  野獣が兵士の頭をつぶし、  馬の蹄が、彼らの骨を踏みつけている、  今や、我々双方は雄々しく、若い勇者なり。  雄弁さ頭脳を備えた英雄なり、  何故、虐殺が兵士の定めなりしか  さもなくば、戦いの後の九死に一生が定めなるか。  アレキサンダーの最初の使者は哀れで不運なアムビヒ王でした、しかし、ポーラスは槍でその裏切り者を追い払ったので、アレキサンダーは他の者を送りました。 今度は、ポーラスは彼の馬から降りて、水を飲んだあと、彼はアレキサンダーに会うことに同意しました。 ギリシアの歴史家アリアヌスは、アレキサンダーが勝ったと言いましたが、アレキサンダーがポーラスにどのように扱われたいか尋ねたとき、ポーラスが「王として」と答えたと、アリアヌスは、また、述べています。今日、多くの歴史家は、戦いが引き分けに終わったと思っています。 アレキサンダーは、ポーラスにすでに彼のものであった土地ばかりでなく、アムビヒ王の土地のかなりの部分も与えました。  アレキサンダーは、さらに遠くに遠征する準備ができていたけれど、ポーラスとの交戦の後、彼のギリシアの兵士たちはもうたくさんだと言う気持ちになっていたので、彼らは拒絶しました。彼らの帰還はひどいものでした。海に至るインダス川に沿った敵対的なインドの入植地を闘いながら進んだ後、インドとメソポタミアの間の危険で水の無いマクラーン海岸に沿ってその帰国の道をたどろうとしていた時、軍の大部分が死にました。 アレキサンダー自身は、無事にメソポタミアに到着しましたが、彼は数年後にそこで死にました、当時彼はまだ32歳でした。  インド人の見方からすると、アレキサンダー大王の遠征は、ポーラス王の同盟者の一人であるチャンドラグプタという名の未成年の王子の冒険と比べて、はるかに重要ではありませんでした。 物語によると、アレキサンダーは、チャンドラグプタがアレキサンダーに十分に敬意を払わないと思い、チャンドラグプタを殺させようとしたのですが、チャンドラグプタは逃れたそうです。紀元前317年までに、命が危ういと恐れて逃げた王子が、インド亜大陸の半分、すなわち、現代のアフガニスタンからバングラデシュ、ネパール、さらに、デカン高原の中央に及ぶ ― かつて、アレキサンダー、ポーラス、アムビヒによって所有された南アジアの全地域を含むすべての地域を支配することになるのです。

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