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16-1日本語訳

お願いします。  It was the summer of 327 BCE,and Ambhi,king of Taxila,was not a happy camper.For one thing,Taxila was no longer as powerful and wealthy as it had been when the Persians ruled there.He was glad the Persians had gone,of course.Every once in a while,they'd send someone around asking for taxes,but as long as he paid them,the Persians pretty much left King Ambhi and his people alone.Nevertheless,he probably wished that the powerful Persians army was still in town.He could have used its help.Taxila's neighbor to the southeast,King Porus,was a brave and intelligent man who wanted Ambhi's kingdom for himself.  Still,the gossip was that the Persian army itself had fallen on hard times.Some young Greek felkow named Sikander had popped up out of nowhere-Macedonia,actually,but that was as good as nowhere-and was busily conquering the whole world.The rumor was that this Sikanddr character had never lost a battle.Of course,you couldn't believe everything you heard.A young boy still in his 20s couldn't possibly have conquered everything from the Nile River to Afghanistan,not to mention the mighty Persians-but still...the stories might be true.  King Ambhi's heart must have sunk when a messenger arrived with news of the horrible defeat of one of Taxila's neighbors.When the Greek Sikander and his troops had arrived in his kingdom,the neighboring king had foolishly tried to fight.But resistance had been futile.Not only had the king lost,but his city had been burned and looted.And that,the messenger would have told King Ambhi,was no rumor.He'd seen the terrible scene himself.Now Sikander's army was on the move again.Next stop:Taxila.  For one desperate moment,King Ambhi must have wished that he and his people could somehow jump out of Sikander's way.And then he realized that,in a way,they could.

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 紀元前327年の夏でした、そして、タキシラ王アムビヒは機嫌のよい人ではありませんでした。 一つには、タキシラは、ペルシャ人がそこを支配したときほどもはや強国ではなく、裕福でもありませんでした。 彼は、もちろん、ペルシャ人がいなくなったことを喜んでいました。 時々、ペルシャ人は税を要求して誰かを送って来ましたが、王が彼らに支払う限り、ペルシャ人はアムビヒ王と彼の臣民をほとんど放っておきました。それでも、彼は、強力なペルシャ軍がまだ町に留まっていることを多分願ったことでしょう。 彼は、その助けを利用することができたからです。 タキシラの南東の隣国のポーラス王は、彼自身アムビヒの王国を欲しがる、勇敢で頭の良い男でした。  しかし、噂によれば、ペルシャ軍そのものが困難に出くわしたということでした。 シカンダールという名の若いギリシア人が、どこからともなく現れました ― 実は、マケドニアの出身だったのですが、どこからともなくと言うのがぴったりでした ― そして、全世界を忙しく征服していました。 噂では、このシカンダールと言う人物は、戦いにこれまで負けたことがないということでした。 もちろん、耳にしたすべてを信じると言うわけにはいきませんでした。まだ20歳代の若者が、強力なペルシャ人は言うまでもなく、ナイル川からアフガニスタンに至るすべてを征服することができる等とはとてもあり得ない事でした ― しかし、それでも ... 話しは真実かもしれません。  使者がタキシラの隣国の1つの恐ろしい敗北の知らせを持って到着したとき、アムビヒ王の心は沈んだにちがいありません。 ギリシア人のシカンダールと彼の軍隊が彼の王国にやって来たとき、近隣の王は愚かにも戦おうとしたのです。 しかし、抵抗は無駄でした。王は負けるだけでなく、彼の街は燃やされて、略奪にあいました。 そして、それは噂ではなかったと、使者はアムビヒ王に話しました。 彼は、彼自身恐ろしい場面を目にしていました。 今や、シカンダールの軍は、再び進軍していました。 次の目的地は: タキシラでした。  必死の瞬間に際して、彼と彼の臣民がシカンダールの進路からどうにか、飛びのけることができればと、アムビヒ王は願ったにちがいありません。 そして、彼は、ある意味では、彼らがそうすることができると気付きました。

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    お願いします。  What if he offered to help Sikander? If they were on the same side,there would be no battle.Taxila would be safe.What's more,Sikander might even help King Ambhi against his enemy King Porus.  So,when Sikander-whom you might know by his Gredk name,Alexander the Great-and his army marched up to the gates of Taxila,King Ambhi was there to welcome them.Just to make sure that Alexander understood that he,King Ambhi,was a friend,he threw Alexander's army a huge party hat lasted for a whole month.Arrian,a diplomat traveling with Alexander,wrote that when Alexander“arrived at Taxila,a great and flourishing city...Taxiles the governor of the city,and the Indians who belonged to it received him in a friendly manner,and he therefore added as much of the adjacent country to their territory as they requested.”The present that he offered Alexander as a symbol of his good will was just as impressive:5,000 soldiers and 56 war elephants.  These elephants and local troops would be important to provide backup for Alexander's elite corps of around 5,000 armored cavalry(men on horseback),14,500 archers,5,300 regular cavalry,and around 15,000 foot soldiers.Although his troops were brave,experienced,and skillful,Alexander knew that defeating Porus would be difficult. Porus had a large army of his own-3,000 cavalry and mnre than 1,000 chariots,50,000 font soldiers and archers,and 200 war elephants.His soldiers were also supposed to be the tallest and most powerful warriors in Asia,with an average height of more than six feet.They looked even taller because they wore their long hair coiled on their heads and wrapped in turbans so thick that even the sharpest sword could not cut through them.They were dressed in white cotton and white leather shoes,and wore earrings set with precious stones,golden armbands,and bracelets even into battle.

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