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日本語訳を!!c8-2

お願いします!!続き If they arrived in the evening or early morning,they could have seen the fires of the coppersmiths and potters along the southern edge of the city.The wind blows from the north in Harappa.Limiting furnaces to the southern side of the city meant that their sparks would be blown away from the crowded city streets.As Sarang got closer to the city,he would have realized that the wind carried more than sparks.The leather dressers also worked on the ddge of the city,and the stink of dead animals,which in some poor neighborhoods were left to rot on the street,must have bden awful. Once inside the city gates,the sights and sounds of the crowded market would most likely have overwhelmed a farm boy like Sarang.One part of the city specialized in wood carving and carpentry.Here his mother could have bought cedar chests to keep the family's clothing safe from moths and insects.Stonecutters,who made everything from drills to grinding stones to sharp stone blades,lived in another quarter.Sarang would have seen booths selling carved ivory ornaments,polished until they were smooth as butter,and inlay for wooden furniture. Jewelers clustered at the center of the market,their workbenches glittering with gold and silver pendants inlaid with precious stones.Strings of beads carved from hard stones of every color hung in the stalls of bead makers.Sarang's family may have bought beads here,but they probably could not have afforded a belt of carnelian beads.Archaeologists estimate that,given the hardness of the drill bits available to the people of Harappa,bead makers would need more than three days to drill a hole in bead three and one-half inches long.Some of the carnelian beads found on belts are almost twice as long.From start to finish,including all the stages of making a belt,it would have taken one worker more than 480 working days to complete a belt of 36 beads.No wonder archaelogists have found only three carnelian belts.

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夕方や早朝に到着したならば、彼らは都市の南の端に沿って銅器職人や陶工の使う火を見ることができたでしょう。風は、ハラッパでは北から吹きます。都市の南側へ窯場を制限することは、それらの火の粉が混雑した街路からは離れた方向に吹き飛ばされることを意味しました。サラングが都市に近づくにつれて、彼は風が火の粉以外の物も運んでくることに気付いたことでしょう。なめし革職人も都市の端で仕事をしていました、それで、死んだ動物は、貧しい地区では、通りで腐敗するに任されたので、その悪臭はひどかったにちがいありません。ひとたび都市の門内に入ると、混雑した市場の光景や音は、サラングのような農場で育った男の子をたぶん圧倒したことでしょう。都市のある地区は、木彫りや大工仕事を専門としていました。ここでは、彼の母は、家族の衣類を蛾や昆虫から守るための杉ダンスを買うことができたかもしれません。石工は、錐から砥石や鋭い石の刃まであらゆる物を作りましたが、別の地区に住んでいました。サラングはバターようになめらかになるまで磨かれ彫刻された象牙の装飾や木製家具のための象嵌を売っている売店を目にしたことでしょう。 宝石商は市場の中心に群がっていました。そして、彼らの作業台は宝石がはめ込まれた金や銀のペンダントできらめいていました。あらゆる色の硬い石から彫刻されたビーズの紐がビーズ職人の露店に掛けられていました。サラングの家族はビーズをここで買ったかもしれません、しかし、彼らはおそらく紅玉髄のビーズのベルトを買う余裕はなかったことでしょう。ハラッパの人々が利用できる錐の硬さを考えると、ビーズ職人が長さ3インチ半のビーズの穴をあけるのに3日以上が必要であったろうと、考古学者は、見積もります。ベルトで見つかる紅玉髄のビーズのいくつかは、ほとんど二倍の長さがあります。最初から最後まで、ベルトを製造するすべての工程を含めると、36のビーズのベルトを完成するために、1人の職人に480日以上の作業日数がかかったことでしょう。考古学者がわずか3つの紅玉髄のベルトしか発見していないのも不思議ではありません。

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