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日本語訳をお願いします。4

至急こちらをお願いします。続き Does that mean that there were no women potters in later times? Probably not.In many regions of South Asia,even though men may throw pottery using the wheel,the women and young girls do most of the clay preparation and fime decoration work. Not every community lived near riverbed clay deposits,of course,so not every village had its own potter.But they may have had some other precious resource.Young people who lived near the sea,for example,became skilled divers and shell workers.Shell was used to make small tools and ornaments,especially bangles. People who lived in the Baluchistan Mountains to the west or the Aravalli hills to the east of Indus Valley learned how to work the copper in their soil.At first they collected bits of copper that were already in metal form and pounded them into beads or small pins and knives.They also developed techniques for getting copper from copper ore.Metal workers used wood charcoal to make very hot fires that could melt the metal out of the rock.To make the charcoal,people had to cut down forests.Over thousands of years,the copper-producing areas became deforested. Like shell bangles,stone beads were very common in South Asia,where they were symbols of wealth and power.The earliest bead makers drilled stone beads of soft limestone and soapstone in the highlands of Baluchistan and the deserts of Rajasthan.There were also deposits of chert,a hard stone that is easy to split into sharp-edged tonls,and jasper,a kind of quartz,suitable for making drill bits.Later bead makers shaped and drilled other types of stones,such as green serpentine from Baluchistan and blue lapis lazuli from Afghanistan.

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それは、女性陶工が後の時代にいなかったことを意味するでしょうか?おそらくいなかったようです。南アジアの多くの地域では、たとえ男性がろくろを使って陶器作りをする場合があっても、女性や少女は、ほとんどの粘土の準備や細かい装飾作業をします。 もちろん、すべての地域社会が川床の粘土鉱床の近くで暮らしているというわけではなかったので、すべての村にそこ独自の陶工がいるというわけではありませんでした。しかし、彼らにはなんらかの他の貴重な資源があったかもしれません。たとえば、海の近くで暮らす若者は、熟練したダイバーや貝殻職人になりました。貝殻は、小さな道具や装飾、特にバングル、を作るのに用いられました。(http://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=bangle) アラバリ丘陵の西方のバルチスタン山脈からインダス渓谷の東方にかけて住んでいた人々は、彼らの土地にある銅の細工をする方法を学びました。最初、彼らは、すでに金属になっている銅の粒を集め、それらを叩いて、ビーズや小さなピン、そして、ナイフの形にしました。彼らは、また、銅鉱石から銅を得る技術も開発しました。金属職人は、岩石から金属を溶かすことのできる非常に熱い火を起こすために、木炭を使いました。木炭を作るために、人々は森を切り倒さなければなりませんでした。数千年に渡って、銅生産地域からは森が消失しました。 貝殻製のバングルと同様、石のビーズも南アジアでは非常に一般的でした、この地域では、それらは富と権力の象徴でした。最も初期のビーズ職人は、バルチスタンの高地やラジャスタンの砂漠にある柔らかい石灰岩や石鹸石(http://eow.alc.co.jp/search?q=soapstone)の石のビーズに錐で穴をあけました。簡単に割れて鋭利な道具になる硬い石の、チャートや錐の穂先を作るのに適した、水晶の一種の碧玉の鉱床もありました。後のビーズ職人は、例えばバルチスタンから産出する緑の蛇紋石やアフガニスタンから産出する青いラピスラズリの様な、他のタイプの石の形を整えたり、錐で穴をあけたりしました。

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  • 日本語訳をお願いします。5

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