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日本語訳を!!c8-3

お願いします!!続き Other shops specialized in the ceramic art of faience,their shelves stocked with beads and bangles as welk as small bottles for perfume and medicines.Still others offered white soapstone beads and pendants,delicately fashioned inlay,and intricately carved and inscribed seals with geometric designs.At this same shop,merchants could have ordered inscribed reals with special animal designs that stood for their clan or religious beliefs. Seals show a person who talks to tigers from a thorny tree.Other seals and figurines show mother deities;a bearded,horned deity;or the ritual killing of a water buffalo.Many of these scenes include a holy man sitting on his heels and meditating in the shade of the pipal,or sacred fig,tree.Archaeologists believe that communities of holy men practiced the discipline of yoga in sacred groves outside the city walls.Sarang's family may well have gone to visit these holy men to bring them offerings as part of the harvest festival. Sarang's family certainly would have stopped in the potter's quarter to buy pots and small clay figurines for worship at the harvest festival.If Sarang had glanced into the courtyard behind any potter's shop,he might well have seen children at work.Artisans' shops were attached to their children would have helped with simple tasks,such as sweeping or fetching materials.Archaeologists have found that some of the flat clay disks that were used to cover pots have child-sized hand-and footprints pressed into them.Bead maker's children,with their small hands and good eyesight,probably also helped string tiny beads. Besides pots,potters made small figurines that were used as offerings to the deities.Even today,many Hindus use small clay or paper figures as part of their prayers and offerings to the deities.Could some of the deities they worship have come from Harappan times?No one knows.

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他の店はファイアンス陶器の陶芸を専門に扱っていました。そして、それらの棚には、ビーズやバングルならびに香水や薬のための小ビンがそろっていました。さらに、白い石鹸石のビーズやペンダント、繊細なはめ込み細工、複雑な彫刻と幾何学的なデザインの刻みを施された印鑑を提供する店もありました。この同じ店で、商人は彼らの一族や宗教的な信条を表した特別な動物のデザインのある刻みを施された印鑑を注文することができたでしょう。 とげの多い木から出てきたトラに向かって話す人を示している印鑑があります。母神; ひげと角のある神; あるいは水牛のと殺の儀式の場面を示す別の印鑑や小立像もあります。これらの場面の多くは、脚を折り曲げて座り、インドボダイジュすなわち神聖ないちじくの木の木陰で瞑想している聖人を含んでいます。聖人のグループがヨガの鍛練を都市壁の外の神聖な林で実践したと、考古学者は思っています。 サラングの家族は、収穫祭の一環として彼らに供え物を届けるためにこれらの聖人を訪ねて行ったことでしょう。サラングの家族は、きっと、収穫祭で深鍋や崇拝のための小さな粘土製の小立像を買うために、陶工の地区に立ち寄ったことでしょう。サラングが陶芸家の店の裏手の中庭を一瞥したならば、彼は仕事をしている子供たちを目にした可能性は十分にあります。職人の店には掃除をしたり材料を取ってきたりする様な単純な仕事の手伝いをする彼らの子供たちがいたことでしょう。考古学者は、深鍋を覆うのに用いられた平らな粘土の円盤のいくつかに、それらに押しつけられた子供の大きさの手や足の跡がついていることを発見しました。ビーズ職人の子供たちは、彼らの小さな手と良い視力で、小さいビーズに糸を通すのを多分手伝ったことでしょう。 深鍋の他に、陶工は、神への供え物として使われた小さな小立像も作りました。今日でさえ、多くのヒンズー教徒は、神に対する彼らの祈りと供え物の一部として小さな粘土や紙の像を使います。彼らが崇拝する神の中には、ハラッパ時代に由来するものもあるのでしょうか?誰にも分かりません。

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