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日本語訳を!c13-7

お願いします!続き  The earlier Vedic religion was changing.Animal sacrifices were being replaced with butter and fruit offerings,new deities were emphasized instead of Agni and Brahma,and people couldn't move between the varnas at all.In time,these new practices became known as Hinduism.  But not everyone found meaning and comfort in sacrifices and strict social divisions.By the sixth century BCE,two young men were struggling to find gentler,more peaceable ways of finding the divine.Their names were Mahavira and Siddhartha Gautama,and their efforts would ghve birth to two of the world's great religions,Jainism and Buddhism.

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 初期のベーダ宗教は変化していました。 動物の捧げものはバターや果物の供え物に取って代わられて行きました、アグニや梵天の代わりに新しい神々が力説されました、そして、人々はまったくバルナ間での移動ができませんでした。 やがて、これらの新しい慣習が、ヒンズー教として知られるようになりました。  しかし、誰もが捧げものや厳しい社会の身分区分に意味や快適さを見出すというわけではありませんでした。 紀元前6世紀までには、2人の青年が、神を見出すためのより穏やかで、より平和的な方法を見つけるのに苦労していました。 彼らの名前はマハービーラとシャダールタ・ゴータマでした、そして、彼らの努力は世界の大きな宗教2つ、ジャイナ教と仏教を生み出すこととなりました。

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    お願いします!  One of the main messages that drew people to the teachings of Mahavira was his idea that all things are connected:  All men who are ignorant of the Truth are subject to pain;in the endless cycle of rebirth they suffer in many ways.  Therefore a wise man,who considers well the ways that lead to bondage and birth,should himself search for the truth,and be kind towards all creatures.  Mahavira's five rules of telling the truth,never stealing,never owning anything,never hurting anything,and remaining celibate were very difficult to follow.But in time his teachings became popular anyway.Most everyone wanted to reach moksha,release from the cycle of rebirth.People believed hat Mahavira achieved moksha upon his death at the age of 72.Instead of being born again,his spirit was released from the cycle of life and death.Some said that Indra,king of the deities,collected the pieces of his bones that were left after his body was burned and took them to heaven,where the deities joined together to worship them.  Mahavira did not try o start a religion .He was one of many teachers who had conquered the senses-who had learned how not to pay attention to feelings such as hunger,thirrt,and pain-and helped others to understand the way to reach moksha.Mahavira and others who have conquered their five senses are called jina,or conquerors.The name of the religious tradition that grew up around these teachers is called Jainism.  In Jainism,men and women who are great teachers are called“ford makers.”A ford is a place where it is easy to cross a stream-a ford maker is someone who helps others find a way to cross from the river of life and endless death and rebirth,to the peace of enlightenment,when the soul unites with the universe.These teachers learned to control their senses and desires and to break free from life on Earth.Mahavira was the 24th ford maker.

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