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日本語訳を!c13-2

お願いします!続き  A person who could call the deities to sacrifice was a very special person indeed.These were the Brahmin teachers.In the Vedic books called the Upanishads,they teach and talk bbout the Ultimate Supreme Being,called Brahman.Many religious people believed that the Ultimate Supreme Being pervaded all of creation.According to the Upanishads,“The finest essence here-that constitutes the self of this whole world; that is the truth; that is the self.And that's how you are....”Knowledge of Brahman made one enlightened and stopped the endless cycle of death and rebirth.But even if you were a Brahmin,there were no guarantees that you would be enlightened.  Being good was not enough to be reincarnated as a human,never mind to reach the level of Brahman.You also had to purify yourself through special lituals.People tried to wash away the sins that they committed during their life through rituals such as bathing in sacred rivers,singing hymns to the deities,giving alms to the poor and to charitable organizatioms,and taking care of old and weak animals as well as people.They gave away all their wealth,devoted themselves to meditation, and made pilgrimages to sacred places.  Many of these sacred places were found along the shores of India's Ganga River.Just as the Indus Valley civilization grew from the life-giving waters of the Indus and Saraswati Rivers,so the Brahmanical religion grew up along the banks of the Ganga River.The people of ancient South Asia thought of the river as a beautiful deity.According to the Ramayama,“[The]Ganga[river is]flowing along the valley,coming down from the Himalayas,carrying within her the essence of rare herbs and elements found on her way.She courses through many a kingdom,and every inch of the ground she touches becomes holy.”

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 捧げものに神を呼ぶことができる人は、本当に非常に特別な人でした。 これらは、バラモンの先生でした。 ウパニシャドと呼ばれているベーダの本の中で、彼らは教え、ブラフマンと呼ばれる最高神について話します。多くの敬虔な人々は、最高神が万物に行き渡っていると信じていました。ウパニシャドによると、「現世の最も優れた本質 ― それはこの全世界の自我を構成する; それは真理である;それは自我である。 そして、その様にあなたは存在する ....」ブラフマンについて知ると、人は悟りを開き、死と再生の果てしない輪廻が止まりました。 しかし、たとえあなたがバラモンであったとしても、あなたが悟りを開く保証はありませんでした。  善であることは人間として生まれ変わるのに十分ではありませんでしたし、決してバラモンのレベルに達する精神でもありませんでした。あなたは、さらに、特別の儀式によってあなた自身を浄化しなければなりませんでした。人々は、儀式によって生涯で犯した罪を洗い流そうとしました、例えば、聖なる川で沐浴したり、神に賛歌を歌ったり、貧しい人々や慈善団体に施し物をしたり、人々ばかりでなく年を取って弱くなった動物の世話をしたりしたのです。彼らはすべての富を手放し、瞑想に専念し、聖地へ巡礼しました。  これらの聖地の多くは、インドのガンガ川の岸に沿って見つかりました。 インダス文明がインダス川とサラスワティー川の命を与える水から発達したのと丁度同じように、ブラフマンの宗教もガンガ川の岸に沿って発達しました。古代の南アジアの人々は、川を美しい神とみなしました。 ラーマヤーナによれば、「ガンガ川は渓谷に沿って流れ、ヒマラヤ山脈より下り、その中に途中で見つかる珍しいハーブのエキスや元素を運ぶ。川は多くの王国を流れ、川が触れる土地の隅から隅までが神聖になる。」

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