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どなたか以下の英文を翻訳できる方が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 As this book seeks to demonstrate, the visual world and its producers, its users and its designers, are engaged in a heated debate over the status of design - who has ownership of it, who is qualified to do it, and how we receive and interpret it, It is in a period of evolution, and requires more developed and rigorous understanding. It may seem odd to say this , but whatever your view of the discussion in this chapter, it should ve clear that design is not simp;y a visual medium; it is a social and, as we have identified, a political one. It just happens to be most apparent visually in the messages sent to us by commerce, media and government, and the subtler but equally important messages we send each other in our everyday practices. Like an iceberg, 90 per cent of visual communication is hidden beneath the surface. And, just like an iceberg, it is the invisible 90 per cent that provides the raw power of visual communication. So, there we end this overview of some of the key ideas that are involved in the study and under standing of visual communication and its relationship with design. Undoubtedly, like some of the practitioners interviewed for the book, you will disagree with some of it. Hopefully some of it will have challenged your own positon on this subject.



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  • 回答No.1

※翻訳サイトそのまま~※面倒なのでURL貼りますorz この本が示そうとするように、視覚世界とそのプロデューサー(ユーザとそのデザイナー)が私たちがどうそれをデザインそれの所有権を持っていて、(それをするのに資格がある)と、受け取って、解釈するかに関する状態に関する激しい議論に従事していて、Itは発展の1回の時代に、あって、より開発されて厳しい理解を必要とします。 これを言うのが変に思えるかもしれませんが、本章では、デザインがばかでないことが、はっきりとveされるべきであるという議論に関するあなたの意見; yが何であっても、展示は中型です。 それは、社会的なものであって私たちが特定したとき、政治上のものです。 ただ、目視により商業、メディア、および政府によって私たちに送られたメッセージ、および私たちが平素の練習でお互いに送るより微妙な、しかし、等しく重要なメッセージで最も明らかであるのが起こります。 氷山のように、90パーセントのビジュアルコミュニケーションは表面の下に隠されます。 そして、まさしく氷山のように、それは、ビジュアルコミュニケーションの実力を提供する目に見えない90パーセントです。 それで、そこでは、私たちが研究とビジュアルコミュニケーションの地位の下でかかわる主要な考えのいくつかのこの概観とデザインとのその関係を終わらせます。 確かに、何人かの開業医が本のためにインタビューしたように、あなたはそれのいくつかと意見を異にするでしょう。 うまくいけば、それのいくつかがこの話題のあなた自身のpositonに挑戦してしまうでしょう。




早急な回答を大変感謝しています! 多少誤字があってすみません。


  • 英文の翻訳をお願いします。

    どなたか英文を翻訳していただける方が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 I hinted at the end of chapter 1 that while some people consider theory to be a mystification of practice, rather than a tool for disseminating or supporting it, I believe that theories help us to appreciate our practice with more depth and resonance. Ultimately, your response to what we've outlined in this book might be to suggest a theory of your own, based on your own thinking and experience - as some of the practitioners we've interviewed do. But be careful in supported by empirical evidence. The next stage is to work out how you can put your own informed opinions to the test and turn them into a sound theory. Finally, remember that this book is by no means the last word on anything. We hope to have last word on anything. We hope to have whetted your appetite to look at visual communication in more detail, and pointed you in the direction of alternative sources that will extend your knowledge even further.

  • 英文の翻訳をお願いいたします。

    どなたか英文の翻訳をしていただける人が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 It could be argued, based on the ideas of Pierre Bourdieu, that the design industry's response to these pressures has been to create, or recapture, a sense of distinction, the set of discourses which emphasises shaping and nurturing 'natural creativity'. It has, in other words, reinvented itself as a form of art, borrowing the trappings of mystique (the tortured lone designer in pursuit of aesthetic truth), the canon (the last of great designers and a chronological design history), the language, the accepted wisdom of taste - and the gatekeepers (the critics the star designers and the teachers) who determine between them an exclusive body of knowledge. These factors have arguably led to a rejection of practice (how to 'do' design) and the critical theories (how to 'do' design) and the critical theories (how design 'works') in favour of the pursuit of design for design's sake, and a language with which to discuss it that excludes those who do not understand it or cannot or do not wish to participate. If this is true, then the end result is a source as well as a site of conflict between different parties. Not only is design in conflict with itself, but it feeds the very conflict the move towards distinction set out to counter. Design is often profoundly misunderstood by the end-user and media. While most people take their clothes to a specialist to have them dry-cleaned, get a builder in to add an extension to their home and a plumber to fix the central heating, many amateurs think they can 'do' design, because the process has been demystified and is much less exclusive, much less something that only an elite few can create and judge. It is a 'chicken-and-egg' situation: the more amateur designers encroach upon professional expertise, the more designers redefine what it is that makes the definition, the more the amateur decides to do it for himself.

  • 英文翻訳お願いします。

    Among fish, the swordfish is the king of kings. The swordfish, leaping out of the water with its upper jaw like a spear, represents the ultimate in sport fishing. Technically, the swordfish is unrelated to the tuna, but its body resembles that of a tuna, and in Japan it is called a "swordfish tuna." Americans enjoy the light flavor of swordfish meat. In Japan, "true tuna" is more highly prized than swordfish. Toro, the oily meat taken from the belly of the tuna, is considered unbelievably expensive by Europeans and Americans. In Japan until the 1930s, the more lightly flavored red meat from the spine of the tuna was more expensive than toro. This "reversal of fortune" simply shows how tastes change, because no logical explanation for the fact is possible. In Japan, there are three ways to eat fish at its best: raw,grilled, and simmered. The freshest fish is eaten raw, fish that is slightly past its prime is grilled, and less fresh fish is simmered. Really fresh fish is best eaten raw, and the island nation of Japan can boast the freshest of fish. The Japanese language gave the world "sashimi" to the international community years ago. A survey was conducted to determine the popularity of tuna in New York, Paris, and Tokyo. The popularity was the same for Tokyoites and New Yorkers, but Parisians did not much care for tuna. It just did not have the same high quality associations as the white meat of sole. Wild red sea bream is considered a high-quality fish in Japan, but is not popular in Southeast Asia and southern China because its hard bones make it difficult to eat. If you want to know where to get your favorite fish cheap, you should know something about national characteristics. In terms of price, tuna is best in France, and red sea bream is best in Southeast Asia. A certain gourmet made himself sashimi in Kuwait. It was a fine fish, but the sashimi lacked flavor for him. He noticed that the meat had no fat in it, so he added some oil to the sashimi. As a result, it became tastier. Now, because the meat was too oily, he had to make a sauce using vinegar as the base in order to make the sashimi flavorful. In this way, with a little ingenuity, sashimi becomes tasty even if it's made in a foreign country. Nowadays, you can get sashimi practically anywhere in the world. However, not all of it is good. It was reported in local magazines that if you want really good sasimi in Johannesburg, South Africa, some restaurants will use their own special fishing boats in Cape Town to catch the fish of your choice. It was also reported that there is a small fishing village in the north of England that prepares sashimi just the way the Japanese like it. Can it be true?

  • 翻訳をお願いしたいです

    以下の英文を和訳していただけるかたに。 お願いできますでしょうか。 文節の区切りが不明ですので、内容が中途半端かもしれませんが、 何卒よろしくお願いいたします。 Astrology is like archeology in some respects, or like mining for precious stones and jewels in the dark caverns in the ground. In the first readings the information is easy for the astrologer to reach it is close to the surface of the chart and it is still unearthed from the chart with the utmost care and precisions. But with each successive reading we have to dig down further and deeper and analyze the chart in more complex ways. This takes a greater time to do, and sometimes the information unearthed may appear to be smaller, or like an uncut ruby to appear at first of less importance or less dazzling in impact, than say the original brilliant description in chart one, it is still vital and adds the total touches to the portrait of the man and his life. As time goes on it gets harder each reading, takes longer. For we must mine ever deeper seams.

  • 翻訳してください!お願いします!!

    翻訳してください!!おねがいします The type of broken articulation required by much early music can be seen from the Byrd Galiardo already mentioned. If its first half were played legato, as is perfectly possible with modern fingering, it would sound airless, flat and dull. But when its opening phrase is articulated in some such way as the dance-like character of the piece immediately becomes apparent, and the lively imitation between the voices stands out clearly. This 'characterization' of themes is one of the most important functions of articulation in the performance of early music, for it brings out their inherent. Another of its functions is to define the smaller units out of which passagework is built.

  • 翻訳をお願いしたいです。コンピューター関係の書物の文章です。

    翻訳をお願いしたいです。コンピューター関係の書物の文章です。 Nevertheless, it is still, possible to identify some principles of good design that have withstood the test of time and are applicable in a variety of situations. In Section6.2, we will study some common resources, so that the reader can get some intuition in identifying them in real systems. We will then build up, in Section6.3, a set of tool to help us trade freely available (unconstrained) resources for scarce (constrained) ones. Properly applied, these tools allow us to match the design to the constraints at hand. Finally, in Section6.4, we will outline a methodology for performance analysis and tuning. This methodology helps pinpoint problems in a design and build a more efficient and robust system.

  • 翻訳をお願い致します!

    Basically it was the same thing all over again. In this situation it's like, I don't know what the terms of your own personal contract was, but I was unlawfully fired. We had specific rules in our contract on how it has to be done, and it wasn't followed.” On the problems in STP last year: “There were financial things we were dealing with, and I also felt on a creative level that we needed to take a break. I felt like we were playing the same set over and over and over. We were supposed to do a big big release of the box set for the 20th anniversary of Core and go on tour in the summer of 2012 and play Core in its entirety which is an idea we got from a couple other bands, namely Weezer. It was hugely successful, and for us to do that with Core, the offers we were getting were amazing, and they didn't want to do it. There was a lot of promotion that would have had to take place. So that didn't happen, so we ended up playing the greatest hits set, which was basically the same version of the set we had been playing since 2008 when we got back together.

  • 翻訳をお願い致します!

    When asked about his upcoming solo record, Weiland said “This record is going to be different. There's a dub feel to it, like Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry kind of, in the way that The Clash kind of used it. … But then there's also this thing we touched on that's like, it's like the ’60s groove pop thing that sounds really kind of underground, but it's ultra-melodic.”

  • 翻訳お願いします

    翻訳していただけるかた、 お願いできますか? よろしくお願いいたします。 I hope the reading has been like a light cast into the shadows, Tomoko, and that it has illuminated parts of the future and the path that this relationship is making. I come now to the end of our time together. However complex and detailed any reading is, it is really just a fragment of ones life. A few aspects of the chart interpreted as this is all there is ever time for. The synastry reading holds within its secret depth both your life and your friends. An infinite web of events, images, feelings, that span great depth and vast extents of time it is not possible in any one reading to show the whole of that picture, just as it is not possible to write your life story on a single sheet of paper. This then is just an insight.

  • 英文の翻訳お願いします。

    It was in the late 1970s, after the end of the Vietnam War that the Boat People made news. These were Vietnamese refugees who fled by boat to Thailand, the Philippines, Japan, and Indonesia, and from there tried to get to America, Australia, and Canada. One day, there was a shocking news story out of Melbourne: two Vietnamese Baot People had been arrested and tried in court on charges of killing and eating local dogs. Most East Asian cultures eat dogs, but this custom has been especially common in China. In ancient times, both emperors and commoners ate dog meat, and sacrificed dogs in religious services. Later on, dogs became associated with loyalty, and people stopped eating them. Even so, dog meat is still widely eaten in South China. Eating dog meat is common in both Koreas. In recent times, the culture of eating dog meat was restored under the contemporary slogan. "Return to Traditional Chinese Ways." Methods of preparing dog meat in both Koreas are given in detail in classical cookbooks, and include simmering, steaming, and grilling. Nowadays, dog meat is bought in stores and cooked at home. You can buy it in drugstores and in markets in Seoul. It's a little more pricey than beef, but the quality of the dog meat is very good. If you simmer it like sukiyaki, bubbles rise out of the meat, and the smell is divine. What about Vietnam, the home of the Boat People? There are a lot of specialty shops selling dog meat, and they fill up with customers around dinner time. There are spit-roasted dogs minus their heads and paws hanging in shop windows, and they look delicious. It's just like the South China restaurants, where mouth-watering ducks and chickens are hung in shop windows to attract customers. The Korean shops sell only cooked meat. The meat is eaten together with raw vegetables, and washed down with a local liquor like shochu. This is considered a healthy meal. The meat from these shops is cheaper than beef, and is eaten by the average family. There are also cat-eating cultures. I heard that there were several cat restaurants in Hanoi, Vietnam, so I went to investigate. They do exist, but barely; the government has banned them. The government said it issued this ban on eating cats because the decrease in the cat population has led to an increase in the rat population. This situation is a threat to community health. It was literally a case of, "When the cat's away, the mice will play." Anyway, that's how popular cat meat is. The government's policy is to enforce the ban until the cat population returns to its original size and can control the rat population. The reason for eating cats in China is explained with typical Chinese logic. Dragons and tigers are venerated as symbols of strength. Thus, if you can eat one, no power on Earth will be capable of resisting you. The trouble is, drgons are imaginary animals, and cannot be eaten. Tigers were once abundant, but can hardly be found now. So in place of dragons, the Chinese eat snakes, and in place of tigers, they eat cats. This is especially true of the culinary culture in South China. To return to the news from Melbourne: Australia, a Western society, was flabbergasted by the news that the men had eaten dogs. After all, this is a nation descended from the passionate dog and cat lovers of Britain! At the same time, other Boat People were also astonished. In Vietnam, dogs kept as pets are considered tasteless, and no one would eat them. The dogs the arrested men ate must have been strays. Looked at in that way, you can understand that they felt themselves innocent of any crime. No one knows what became of the two arrested men afterward. Anyway, it's important to understand that the problem lies in differences of cultures and values. It's the difference between two cultures: one that eats dogs and one that doesn't. But no one can say one side is definitely right and the other is wrong. The problem is not so easy.