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どなたか英文の翻訳をしていただける人が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 It could be argued, based on the ideas of Pierre Bourdieu, that the design industry's response to these pressures has been to create, or recapture, a sense of distinction, the set of discourses which emphasises shaping and nurturing 'natural creativity'. It has, in other words, reinvented itself as a form of art, borrowing the trappings of mystique (the tortured lone designer in pursuit of aesthetic truth), the canon (the last of great designers and a chronological design history), the language, the accepted wisdom of taste - and the gatekeepers (the critics the star designers and the teachers) who determine between them an exclusive body of knowledge. These factors have arguably led to a rejection of practice (how to 'do' design) and the critical theories (how to 'do' design) and the critical theories (how design 'works') in favour of the pursuit of design for design's sake, and a language with which to discuss it that excludes those who do not understand it or cannot or do not wish to participate. If this is true, then the end result is a source as well as a site of conflict between different parties. Not only is design in conflict with itself, but it feeds the very conflict the move towards distinction set out to counter. Design is often profoundly misunderstood by the end-user and media. While most people take their clothes to a specialist to have them dry-cleaned, get a builder in to add an extension to their home and a plumber to fix the central heating, many amateurs think they can 'do' design, because the process has been demystified and is much less exclusive, much less something that only an elite few can create and judge. It is a 'chicken-and-egg' situation: the more amateur designers encroach upon professional expertise, the more designers redefine what it is that makes the definition, the more the amateur decides to do it for himself.



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  • sah879
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インターネットの翻訳ソフトを使うといいですよ。 ちなみに、あたしがそのソフトを使って翻訳したのが↓です。 「それについて論争できました、これらの圧力へのデザイン業界の反応が区別の感覚を作成するか、または取り戻すことであるというピエール・ブルデューの考えに基づいて、形成と保育'生まれながらの創造性'を強調する会話のセット。 言い換えれば、神秘性の衣裳(美的な真実の追求における拷問されたひとりのデザイナー)、教会法(偉大なデザイナーの最終と年代順の設計履歴)、言語、味の受け入れられた知恵を借りる芸術の一形式、および門番としてそれ自体を再発明した、(評論家、スターデザイナーと教師) 彼らの間で排他的な一連の知識を決定する。 これらの要素はデザインのためのデザインの追求、およびそれについて議論するために、それが参加したくないか、それを理解しないことができないか、参加したがっていない人を除く言語を支持して論証上習慣の拒絶('してください'というデザインへのどのように)、批判理論('してください'というデザインへのどのように)、および批判理論(デザインはどう'働いている')につながったか。 これが本当であるなら、結末は闘争の場所と同様に異なったパーティーの間のソースです。 それ自体との闘争にはデザインがあるだけではなく、それは区別に向かった移動が対抗し始めたかなりの闘争を食べさせます。 デザインはエンドユーザとメディアによってしばしば深く誤解されます。 ほとんどの人々がセントラルヒーティングを修理するためにそれらの家と配管工に拡大を追加するためにそれらをドライクリーニングさせて、建築業者を得る専門家に彼らの衣服を取っている間、多くのアマチュアが、彼らがデザインが'する'と考えます、排他的で、はるかに過程が啓蒙されて、ましてエリートわずかだけが作成して、判断できる何かであること少ないものによって。 それは'鶏肉と卵'状況です: それは定義をします、と、より多くのアマチュアデザイナーが専門的知識を浸せば浸すほど、より多くのデザイナーが、それが何であるかを再定義すれば再定義するほど、アマチュアがさらに決める、自分のためにそれをしてください。」 違っていたらごめんなさい。 一応 そのソフト(?)のURL貼っておきます。




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  • 英文の翻訳をお願いいたします

    どなたか以下の英文を翻訳できる方が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 As this book seeks to demonstrate, the visual world and its producers, its users and its designers, are engaged in a heated debate over the status of design - who has ownership of it, who is qualified to do it, and how we receive and interpret it, It is in a period of evolution, and requires more developed and rigorous understanding. It may seem odd to say this , but whatever your view of the discussion in this chapter, it should ve clear that design is not simp;y a visual medium; it is a social and, as we have identified, a political one. It just happens to be most apparent visually in the messages sent to us by commerce, media and government, and the subtler but equally important messages we send each other in our everyday practices. Like an iceberg, 90 per cent of visual communication is hidden beneath the surface. And, just like an iceberg, it is the invisible 90 per cent that provides the raw power of visual communication. So, there we end this overview of some of the key ideas that are involved in the study and under standing of visual communication and its relationship with design. Undoubtedly, like some of the practitioners interviewed for the book, you will disagree with some of it. Hopefully some of it will have challenged your own positon on this subject.

  • 英文の翻訳をお願いします。

    どなたか英文を翻訳していただける方が居ましたらぜひお願いいたします。 I hinted at the end of chapter 1 that while some people consider theory to be a mystification of practice, rather than a tool for disseminating or supporting it, I believe that theories help us to appreciate our practice with more depth and resonance. Ultimately, your response to what we've outlined in this book might be to suggest a theory of your own, based on your own thinking and experience - as some of the practitioners we've interviewed do. But be careful in supported by empirical evidence. The next stage is to work out how you can put your own informed opinions to the test and turn them into a sound theory. Finally, remember that this book is by no means the last word on anything. We hope to have last word on anything. We hope to have whetted your appetite to look at visual communication in more detail, and pointed you in the direction of alternative sources that will extend your knowledge even further.

  • 英文翻訳おねがいします!

    Let's take a brief tour of a raw meat-eating region. Welcome to the polar region of Canada's Melville Peninsula. The native peoples used to be called Eskimos. This was a derogatory term given them by native peoples from the south, meaning raw meat eaters. They are the meat of caribou, seals, and walruses raw. "Meat" includes the innards, which are considered the most exquisite parts of the animals. You might remember seeing documentary films of lions going straight for the innards of their victims. Of course, in that frozen part of the world, fruits, vegetables, and grains are unobtainable. The native peoples do not suffer from scurvy, and in fact have glossy faces, thanks to their diet of raw meat. A japanese cultural anthropologist who lived among these northern people learned that because of the bland flavor of raw meat, it is possible to eat a lot of it at each meal as a staple food, in the same way Japanese eat rice. Some parts of the innards are bitter while other parts are sour, so if you chew on them as you eat the raw meat, the meat tastes "seasoned" and you never get tired of it. Horsemeat is called cherry meat or sakura-niku in Japan. It may mean that the color of the meat is as beautiful as that of cherry blossom. But it may also mean that horsemeat is a sort of fake meat, sold by con men to unsuspecting passers-by under an exotic-sounding name. Take your choise as to which is the truth. There are those who love horsemeat for its deliciously light flavor. There are few restaurants that serve authentic tartar steak made from horsemeat. Most people do not realize that horsemeat is "the real thing", and that there is no reason to discriminate against it. Where food is concerned, when all is said and done, likes and dislikes are just a matter of taste.

  • 英文の翻訳

    以下の翻訳をお願いします One who travels hopefully in life knows where he wants to be and what he wants to do, but quite never arrives. Yet the pursuit of things may bring him more pleasure than would the victory. He will enjoy a wide experience of life, the highs and the lows, the wealth and the poverty, life riches tapestry of experience but he has not realized that it is the journey for him that counts, not the success or failure at the end of it. He is free with his gains, and can be lavish and prodigal, can throw himself totally into everything he becomes involved He is not extreme so much as whole hearted in things, he has no moderation. He is irascible, yet kind. He gives advice and wisdom and the benefit of his experience to those who are more expert or aught to know better than him. He has a kind of shrewd cleverness, A good judge of things as they are. And an intuitive knowledge of how to manipulate things to his own advantage in life.

  • 英文の翻訳をお願いします。

    英文の翻訳をお願いします。 以下の英文を翻訳していただけませんか? Suppose you see two mothers with their children in a park. One is the type who shouts a warning at once when her kid starts doing something even slightly unsafe. She fills the air with cries of "Don't do this!" and "Don't do that!" The other is the kind who patiently lets her kid run risks, allowing unsafe play to a certain extent, yet keeping an anxious watch at the same time.Which mother would you prefer? Which is the better parent to raise a child? Be they children or adults, humans often experience failure. The important thing is knowing how to deal with and recover from it. We cannot acquire the ability and wisdom to make a successful recovery and become strong enough to face the world again, without experience of failure. Unsuccessful trials, willingness to face bad results, the guts to confront trouble, all lead to the development of personality. Failure tests a person, and the process of recovery from the failure lets us know that person's true depth of character. What should not be overlooked here is that the general lack of Japanese individuality is rooted in fear of failure. It is not just success that shapes a person's individuality, but also participating in unsuccessful but interesting experiments, tackling difficulties bravely and actively, memories of failure. So mothers in the park, tell your own experiences of failure and recovery to your kids, and inform them that everybody fails, in order to encourage them. Let them do whatever they want to their hearts' content. Be aware that too much care may prevent the proper growth of individuality and deprive the child of the chance to develop naturally. 長文で申し訳ありません。 回答お願いします!!

  • 英文の翻訳

    以下の英文を翻訳お願いしたいです Sometimes this decision is straightforward. A proposal of a marriage, and an acceptance or refusal. But sometimes life is less well defined than that and the decision is made by the soul, it is made in the depths unconsciously. By you or by him. You may feel you have had enough of this particular man, or karma for one life for example and your spirit may withdraw because of pain when you could have struggled on perhaps and changed the ending to the story. Or you may unconsciously behave in such a way that he is the one to end the relationship against your will. Life is complicated, and the stars only really sketch this life, you add your own complications to become woven into the destiny This can be said of all relationships of course, not just your own. But it is right to state it. Some people hear the word soul mate and they assume that nothing can ever go wrong. That is not so. What I promise you is a future, it is up to you and him to make it happy or sad, short or lasting.

  • 翻訳願います。

    It is not that I do not want to marry you, it would be a lovely dream to do so, I think. I do not think that we have this path ahead of us... but I want to have you in my life always, somehow. Duty as a man? To stand and hold the load, to carry it forward. To move and put the wants of man away. 宜しくお願いします。

  • 英文翻訳お願いします。

    Among fish, the swordfish is the king of kings. The swordfish, leaping out of the water with its upper jaw like a spear, represents the ultimate in sport fishing. Technically, the swordfish is unrelated to the tuna, but its body resembles that of a tuna, and in Japan it is called a "swordfish tuna." Americans enjoy the light flavor of swordfish meat. In Japan, "true tuna" is more highly prized than swordfish. Toro, the oily meat taken from the belly of the tuna, is considered unbelievably expensive by Europeans and Americans. In Japan until the 1930s, the more lightly flavored red meat from the spine of the tuna was more expensive than toro. This "reversal of fortune" simply shows how tastes change, because no logical explanation for the fact is possible. In Japan, there are three ways to eat fish at its best: raw,grilled, and simmered. The freshest fish is eaten raw, fish that is slightly past its prime is grilled, and less fresh fish is simmered. Really fresh fish is best eaten raw, and the island nation of Japan can boast the freshest of fish. The Japanese language gave the world "sashimi" to the international community years ago. A survey was conducted to determine the popularity of tuna in New York, Paris, and Tokyo. The popularity was the same for Tokyoites and New Yorkers, but Parisians did not much care for tuna. It just did not have the same high quality associations as the white meat of sole. Wild red sea bream is considered a high-quality fish in Japan, but is not popular in Southeast Asia and southern China because its hard bones make it difficult to eat. If you want to know where to get your favorite fish cheap, you should know something about national characteristics. In terms of price, tuna is best in France, and red sea bream is best in Southeast Asia. A certain gourmet made himself sashimi in Kuwait. It was a fine fish, but the sashimi lacked flavor for him. He noticed that the meat had no fat in it, so he added some oil to the sashimi. As a result, it became tastier. Now, because the meat was too oily, he had to make a sauce using vinegar as the base in order to make the sashimi flavorful. In this way, with a little ingenuity, sashimi becomes tasty even if it's made in a foreign country. Nowadays, you can get sashimi practically anywhere in the world. However, not all of it is good. It was reported in local magazines that if you want really good sasimi in Johannesburg, South Africa, some restaurants will use their own special fishing boats in Cape Town to catch the fish of your choice. It was also reported that there is a small fishing village in the north of England that prepares sashimi just the way the Japanese like it. Can it be true?

  • 英文の翻訳をお願いします。2

    Evaluation The assumption within the model that there are separate short-term and long-term stores has been influential and is approximately correct. As we will see, it is a gross oversimplification to argue that there is a single short-term memory store(see section on working memory). It is a gross oversimplification to argue that there is a single long-term memory store(see section on types of long-term memory).It seems very doubtful that knowledge that Russel Crowe is a film star,that 2+2=4,that we had muesli for breakfast,and information about how to ride a bicycle are all stored in the same long-term memory store.

  • 英文の翻訳

    英文を和訳していただけるかた のみで お願いできますでしょうか? 多分定型文だと思われますので、 破壊的な構文はないと想像します。 どうぞよろしくお願いいたします。 In the previous reading we looked at Venus, the planet of love, in this reading it is time to look at mars, the planet of passion. Venus and Mars always work together in a chart. Mars has an important role in the future, it determines parts of your soul mates character, his dreams of love, his passions, what fascinates him and what he hopes to find, or what he will think he has found in you. Mars is the driving force behind love, that changes it from the bonds friendship and affection to enchantment and a garden of desire. Without mars there would be love but there would be no motivation to make a future of that love. To become lovers, or to get married, no deeper desire to gain insight, to penetrate the mystery’s of each others the mind or body further.