• ベストアンサー
  • すぐに回答を!

構文分析よろしくお願い致します

Some people say that their schooldays were the happiest of their lives. They may be right, but I always look with suspicion upon those whom I hear saying this. It is hard enough to know whether one is happy or unhappy now, and still harder to compare the relative happiness or unhappiness of different times of one's life; the utmost that can be said is that we are fairly happy so long as we are not distinctly aware of being miserable. できるだけ丁寧にお願いしたいです。 例えば、andはこことここが繋がっているよ! とか、これは関係代名詞だよ!! と教えていただけると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

共感・応援の気持ちを伝えよう!

  • 英語
  • 回答数1
  • 閲覧数64
  • ありがとう数1

質問者が選んだベストアンサー

  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.1
  • Nakay702
  • ベストアンサー率81% (8476/10443)

以下のとおり、全体を文単位に区切り、>で原文を、「」で訳文を、⇒で構文分析を、*で説明を、それぞれ順に列挙する形でお答えします。 >Some people say that their schooldays were the happiest of their lives.「ある人たちは、学生時代が人生で一番幸せだったと言います。」 ⇒ S(Some people) V(say) O[Conj.(that) S(their schooldays) V(were) C(the happiest of their lives)]. *Conj.接続詞thatの導く名詞節 [that ~ of their lives]が、V(say) の目的語です。これを訳でば「彼らの人生のうちで~(であった)と」となりますが、この「と、ということ」の部分が、thatの対訳部分に当たります。 >They may be right, but I always look with suspicion upon those whom I hear saying this. 「彼らは正しいかもしれませんが、私はいつもこれを言う(のを私が聞く)人たちを疑って見ています。」 ⇒ {S(They) V(may be) C(right)}, Conj.(but) {S(I) M(always) V'(look) M(with suspicion) V" (upon) O(those) [Rel.(whom) S(I) V(hear) C(saying this)]}. *接続詞butは、2つの単文{They~right} と{I ~ this} とをつないでいます。V'(look)+V" (upon) で1つの動詞(動詞句)です。look upon ~「(ある種の感情をもって)~を見る」。O(those) を先行詞とするRel.関係代名詞whomは、自らが導く関係節(=形容詞節)[Rel.(whom) S(I) V(hear) C(saying this)]の中では、V(hear)の目的語であると同時にsayingの意味上の主語です。つまり、C(saying this)は目的格補語です。 >It is hard enough to know whether one is happy or unhappy now, and still harder to compare the relative happiness or unhappiness of different times of one's life; 「今、人が幸せか不幸かを知るのは相当困難であり、人生の異なる時期の相対的な幸福または不幸を比較することはさらに困難です。」 ⇒ {S'(It) V(is) M(hard enough) S"(to know) O[Con.(whether) S(one) V(is) C(happy or unhappy) M(now)],} Conj.(and) {M(still harder) S'"(to compare) O(the relative happiness or unhappiness) Adj.M(of different times of one's life)}; *S'(It)は形式主語、S"(to know)およびS'"(to compare)が真主語です。なお、接続詞andは{It~now} と{still ~ life} とをつないでいます。つまり、M(still harder) S'"(to compare)の前に、S'(It) V(is)が省略されています。形容詞的修飾語Adj.M(of different times of one's life)]は、直前のO(the relative happiness or unhappiness)にかかっています。なお、セミコロン「;」は、「,」と「.」の中間ぐらいの区切りを表しますが、訳文上では通常句点「。」に対応させます。 >the utmost that can be said is that we are fairly happy so long as we are not distinctly aware of being miserable. 「最大限言えることは、悲惨であることにはっきりと気づいていない限り、私たちはかなり幸せである、ということです。」 ⇒ S(the utmost) [Rel.(that) V(can be said)] V(is) C{ Con.(that) S(we) V(are) M(fairly) C(happy) M[Conj.(so long as) S(we) V(are) M(not distinctly) C(aware of being miserable)]}. *S(the utmost) [Rel.(that) V(can be said)]のthatは関係代名詞の主格です。先行詞はthe utmostです。「言われ得るところの最大限(は)」。Con.(that) S(we) V(are) M(fairly) C(happy)のthatは、名詞節(補語節)を導く接続詞です。「私たちはかなり幸せであるということ(である)」。M[Conj.(so long as) S(we) V(are) M(not distinctly) C(aware of being miserable)].は、従位接続詞句としてのso long asに引率され、副詞節として動詞isを修飾しています。「私たちが悲惨であることにはっきり気づいていない限りは」。

共感・感謝の気持ちを伝えよう!

質問者からのお礼

ありがとうございました。 理解することが出来ました✨

関連するQ&A

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します

    A good farmer is always one of the most intelligent and best educated men in our society. We have been inclined in our wild industrial development, to forget that agriculture is the base of our whole economy and that in the economic structure of the nation it is always the cornerstone. It has always been so throughout history and it will continue to be so until there are no more men on this earth. We are apt to forget that that the man who owns land and cherishes it and works it well is the source of our stability as a nation, not only in the economic but the social sense as well. できるだけ詳しく教えていただけると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致します🙏

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します

    Human nature does not change, or, at any rate, history is too short for any changes to be perceptible. The earliest known specimens of art and literature are still comprehensible.The fact that we can understand them all and can recognize in some of them an unsurpassed artistic excellence is proof enough that not only men's feelings and instincts, but also their intellectual and imaginative powers,were in the remotest times precisely what they are now. できるだけ、丁寧に解説して下さると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

    The people I admire most are those who are sensitive and want to create something or discover something, and do not see life in terms of power, and such people get more of a chance under a democracy than elsewhere. They found religions, great or small, or they produce literature and art, or they do disinterested scientific research, or they may be what is called "ordinary people", who are creative in their pricate lives, bring up their children decently, for instance, or help their neighbours. 構文分析よろしくお願い致します! できるだけ丁寧に教えて頂けると嬉しいです。

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

    So intimate is the relation between a language and the people who speak it that the two can scarcely be thought of apart. A language lives only so long as there are peo- ple who speak it and use it as their native tongue, and its greatness is only that given to it by these people. A language is important because the people who speak it are important-politically, economically, commercialally, social-ly, culturally. English, French, and German are great and important languages ​​because they are the languages ​​of great and important peoples; for this reason they are widely studied outside the country of their use. -A. C. BAUGH, A History of the English Language 構文分析よろしくお願い致します。 できるだけ丁寧に解説して頂けると嬉しいです🙇‍♀️

  • 構文分析をして欲しいです。

    One of the most painful circumstances of recent advances in science is that each of them makes us know less than we thought we did. When I was young we all knew, or thought we knew,that a man consists of a soul and a body;that the body is in time and space,but the soul is in the time only. Whether the soul survives death was a matter as to which opinions might differ,but that there is a soul was thought to be indubitable As for the body, the plain man considered its existence self-evident, and so did the man of science, but the philosopher was apt to analyze it away after one fashion or another. できるだけ詳しく教えていただけると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します

    The capacity to endure a more or less monotonous life is one which should be acquired in childhood. Modern parents are greatly to blame in this respect ;they provide their children with far too many passive amusements,such as shows and good things to eat,and they do not realize the importance to a child of having one day like another,expect,of course,for somewhat rare occasions. The pleasures of childhood should in the main be such as the child extracts himself from his environment by means of some effort and inventiveness. 構文分析よろしくお願い致します。

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します🙏

    Perhaps it is only in childhood that books have any deep influence on our lives. In later life we admire, we are entertained, we may modify some views we already hold, but we are more likely to find in books merely a confirmation of what is in our minds already. But in childhood all books are books of divination, telling us about the future, and like the fortune teller who sees a long journey in the cards or death by water they influence the future. この文の構文分析をお願いしたいです。 丁寧に教えて下さると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致します🙇‍♀️

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致しますm(_ _)m

    Whoever has to deal with young children soon learns that too much sympathy is a mistake. Children readily understand that an adult who is sometimes a little stern is best for them; their instinct tells them whether they are loved or not, and from those whom they feel to be affectionate they will put up with whatever strictness results from genuine desire for their proper development. できるだけ丁寧にしていただけると嬉しいです。 用法や、構文の解説をよろしくお願いします。

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します。

    Whenever a person who already has enough to live on proposes to engage in some everyday kind of job,such as school-teaching or typing, he or she is told that such conduct takes the bread out of other people's mouths,and is therefore wicked. If this argument were valid,it would only be necessary for us all to be idle in order that we should all have our mouths full of bread. What people who say such things forget is that what a man earns he usually spends, and in spending he gives employment. この文の構文分析をお願いしたいです。 丁寧にしていただけると嬉しいです。 よろしくお願い致します🙏

  • 構文分析よろしくお願い致します!

    The human race has just passed through one of the darkest periods of its history. It may even prove to be the most tragic of all, due to the fact that the conflict penetrated into the remotest corners of the world and that its unprecedented violence destroyed whatever illusions we might have had as to the solidity and permanence of the civilization man was so proud of. 構文分析をよろしくお願い致します! できるだけ丁寧に解説して下さると嬉しいです。