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Pétain used a "Noria" (rotation) system, to relieve French troops at Verdun after a short period, which brought most troops of the French army to the Verdun front but for shorter periods than for the German troops. French will to resist did not collapse, the symbolic importance of Verdun proved a rallying point and Falkenhayn was forced to conduct the offensive for much longer and commit far more infantry than intended. By the end of April, most of the German strategic reserve was at Verdun, suffering similar casualties to the French army. The Germans believed that they were inflicting losses at a rate of 5:2; German military intelligence thought that French casualties up to 11 March, had been 100,000 men and Falkenhayn was confident that German artillery could easily inflict another 100,000 losses.

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>Pétain used a "Noria" (rotation) system, to relieve French troops at Verdun after a short period, which brought most troops of the French army to the Verdun front but for shorter periods than for the German troops. French will to resist did not collapse, the symbolic importance of Verdun proved a rallying point and Falkenhayn was forced to conduct the offensive for much longer and commit far more infantry than intended. ⇒間もなくしてペテーンは、ヴェルダンのフランス軍隊を救うために、「ノリア(水車)」(ローテーション)方式を採用した。ドイツ軍隊より期間は短いが、フランス方面軍の大部分の軍隊がそのヴェルダン前線に送られていたからである。フランス軍の抵抗の意志は崩れることなく、ヴェルダンの象徴的な重要性によって、そこが糾合地点となったので、それでファルケンハインは、意図していたよりずっと長く攻撃を遂行することと、はるかに多くの歩兵連隊を送り込むことを余儀なくされた。 >By the end of April, most of the German strategic reserve was at Verdun, suffering similar casualties to the French army. The Germans believed that they were inflicting losses at a rate of 5:2; German military intelligence thought that French casualties up to 11 March, had been 100,000 men and Falkenhayn was confident that German artillery could easily inflict another 100,000 losses. ⇒4月末までには、ドイツ軍の戦略予備隊は大部分がヴェルダンにいて、フランス軍と類似した犠牲者を被った。ドイツ軍は、5対2の率で(彼らの有利に)損失を負わせていると思っていた。ドイツ軍の軍事諜報部は、3月11日までのフランス軍の犠牲者は100,000人になったと考えたので、ファルケンハインはドイツ軍の砲撃がさらに100,000人の損失を簡単に負わせることができる、と確信していた。

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    In May, Falkenhayn estimated that the French had lost 525,000 men against 250,000 German casualties and that the French strategic reserve had been reduced to 300,000 troops. Actual French losses were c. 130,000 by 1 May and the Noria system had enabled 42 divisions to be withdrawn and rested, when their casualties reached 50 percent. Of the 330 infantry battalions of the French metropolitan army, 259 (78 percent) went to Verdun, against 48 German divisions, 25 percent of the Westheer (western army). Afflerbach wrote that 85 French divisions fought at Verdun and that from February to August, the ratio of German to French losses was 1:1.1, not the third of French losses assumed by Falkenhayn. By 31 August, 5th Army losses were 281,000 and French casualties numbered 315,000 men.

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  • 英文を日本語訳して下さい。

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