• ベストアンサー
  • 困ってます

経済学の内容の英語なのですが、訳せません。

一部分を抜き出しているので訳しづらくなってしまいましたが、どうか力を貸してください。 This equation is known as the Marshall-Lerner condition and says that starting from a position of equilibrium in the current account, a devaluation will improve the current, that is dCA/dS >0 only if the sum of the foreign elasticity of demand for exports and the home country elasticity of demand for imports is greater than unity; that is, (nx+nm)>1. If the sum of these two elasticities is less than unity, then a devaluation will lead to a deterioration of the current account.

共感・応援の気持ちを伝えよう!

  • 回答数1
  • 閲覧数81
  • ありがとう数1

質問者が選んだベストアンサー

  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.1
noname#202629

直訳のみになります。翻訳は経済の専門家の方が訂正をされると思います。 This equation is known as the Marshall-Lerner condition and says that starting from a position of equilibrium in the current account, a devaluation will improve the current, that is dCA/dS 0 only if the sum of the foreign elasticity of demand for exports and the home country elasticity of demand for imports is greater than unity; この方程式はマーシャル・ラーナー・コンデションとして知られ、定常状態での経常収支では、(貨幣の)切り下げは経常収支を改善する。すなわち、dCA/dS>0であり、海外輸出需要と国内輸入需要の弾力性値の和が1より大きい場合に限る;つまり、(nx+nm)>1 (の方程式が成り立つという条件のみに置いて有効になる) If the sum of these two elasticities is less than unity, then a devaluation will lead to a deterioration of the current account. これらの2つの弾力性の値の和が1より少ないと言う事であれば、(貨幣の)切り下げは経常収支の悪化に繋がる。 equilibrium = stable state = sationary state ”定常状態(経済)” current account ”経常収支” 詳細は添付URLで定常状態(経済)と経常収支をしてください。

参考URL:
http://100.yahoo.co.jp/detail/

共感・感謝の気持ちを伝えよう!

質問者からのお礼

遅れてしまいましたが、ありがとうございました。 すごく助かりました。

関連するQ&A

  • 経済学の内容なのですが、訳ができません。

    経済学の教本を読まないといけないのですが、あまり知識がないうえに、本が苦手な英語で書かれているため、困っています。 訳でなくても結構です。書かれている内容の意味を知りたいです。 the increased export volumes and decreased volume of imports exactly match the decreased earnings per unit of exports and increased expenditure per unit of imports so that the current balance is unchanged. Approximate elasticities sum to 0.9 which is close to unity. the increased volume of export sales and decreased volume of imports are sufficient to outweigh the price effects so that the current balance improves following a devaluation. Approximate elasticities sum to 1.65 which fulfils the critical Marshall-Lerner condition for a successful devaluation. A more complicated formula can be derived which allows for supply elasticities of exports and imports of less than infinity. Given the assumption of less than infinite supply elasticity conditions and assuming initially balances trade; namely, the balance of payments will improve following a devaluation if この2つの部分がわかりません。Approximate elasticities というのはおおよその弾力性?ということでいいのでしょうか? 長文をお願いして申し訳ありません。

  • 英語の文章がわからない

    経済学の教本を読まないといけないのですが、あまり知識がないうえに、選んだ本が苦手な英語で書かれているため、困っています。 以前にもここで質問させていただいたのですが、また分からないところが出てきました。訳でなくても結構です。書かれている内容の意味を知りたいです。 the increased export volumes and decreased volume of imports exactly match the decreased earnings per unt of exports and increased expenditure per unit of imports so that the current balance is unchanged. Approximate elasticities sum to 0.9 which is close to unity. the increased volume of export sales and decreased volume of imports are sufficient to outweigh the price effects so that the current balance improves following a devaluation. Approximate elasticities sum to 1.65 which fulfils the critical Marshall-Lerner condition for a successful devaluation. A more complicated formula can be derived which allows for supply elasticities of exports and imports of less than infinity. Given the assumption of less than infinite supply elasticity conditions and assuming initially balances trade; namely, the balance of payments will improve following a devaluation if この2つの部分がわかりません。Approximate elasticities というのはおおよその弾力性?ということでいいのでしょうか? 長文をお願いして申し訳ありません。

  • ミクロ経済

    ミクロ経済の問題です。 難しい内容で、回答ねがえれば助かります 1. At a price of $8 the quantity demanded is 20, and at a price of $4 the quantity demanded is 30. The elasticity of demand is therefore A)0.25 B)0.6 C)0.7 D)1.67 2. If the price of a product rises and the firms’ total revenue falls, then we can say that the demand is A)Elastic B)Inelastic C)Unit elastic 3. If two goods have a cross elasticity of demand that is negative (less than zero) then we can say that they are A)Compliments B)Substitutes C)Necessities D)Luxuries E)Inferior 4. Which of these goods would we expect to have an inelastic demand? A)Peppermint candy B)Dishwashers C)Coffee D)Crest toothpaste E)Whole wheat bread 5) Which of these is true? A)People are willing to pay more for diamonds than for water because diamonds have more Total Utility than water B)As people consume more water their Total Utility falls C)As people consume more diamonds their Marginal Utility per dollar rises D)If the Marginal Utility per dollar of diamonds is greater than the Marginal Utility per dollar of water, people will buy more diamonds and less water E)None of the above 6) Consumers will definitely buy another apple if A)Its Marginal Utility is less than its price B)Its Marginal Utility is greater than its price C)Its Marginal Utility is equal to its price D)Its Marginal Utility is diminishing

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    自分で訳してみると内容はなんとなく分かるのですが、いざ日本語で書いてみようとするとうまく訳せず、訳せても日本語として成立していない(不自然な)文章になってしまいます。 多少、意訳が入っても結構ですので、どなたか和訳をお願いいたします。 Overall, the effects of a devaluation on the income of the devaluing country are ambiguous. Even if there are increased net exports earnings (which relies on the Marshall-Lerner condition being fulfilled) the negative terms of trade effect works to reduce national income. Even if income rises overall, it is still not clear what the implications of a or in income are for the current account, as this will depend upon the value of the marginal propensity to absorb. If this is less than unity then an increase in income generated by the increase in net exports leads to an improvement in the current account because income rises by more than absorption.

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    自分なりに訳してみたものの、意味がつながらず、不自然な文章になってしまい困っています。英語が出来る方がいらっしゃいましたら意訳が含まれても結構ですので、和訳してください。お願いします。 Clearly a relevant if the economy is at less than full employment is whether a devaluation is likely to raise or lower national income. If the marginal propensity to absorb is less than unity then a rise in income will raise the income to absorption ratio and so improve the current account. Whereas, if income were to fall this would raise the absorption to income ratio (as absorption would fall by less than income) which would worsen the current account. There are two important effects on income that need to be examined, the employment effect and the terms of trade effect.

  • ミクロ経済・需要曲線と弾力性の問題で困っています。

    ミクロ経済・需要曲線と弾力性の問題で困っています。 ミクロ経済・需要曲線と弾力性の問題で困っています(英文・選択問題)。 現在以下の問題を解いているのですが、(選択問題) どうしてもbとcが同じに見え、どちらを選んだらいいか迷っています。 A straight-line demand curve would a/have the same elasticity along its entire length. b/have a higher elasticity of demand near its top than near its bottom. c/have a lower elasticity of demand near its bottom than near its top. d/be relatively inelastic at high prices, but relatively elastic at low prices. この場合、どれが正解なのでしょう・・・私はbかcだと思うのですが。 もし違いましたら、説明もして頂けると幸いです。 分かる方、どうぞよろしくお願い致します。

  • 和訳した文を確認してください!

    とあるテキストの一部分なのですが、和訳に自信がなくて困っています。 間違っている所があればご指摘お願いします。 This equation implies that the effects of a devaluation on the current balance will depend upon how it affects national income relative to how it affects domestic absorption. If a devaluation raises domestic income relative to domestic spending this current account improves. If, however, devaluation raises domestic absorption relative to domestic spending, the current account deteriorates. この方程式が意味することは、経常収支の切り下げの効果が国内生産と比べて国民所得がどのように影響するのかに依存しています。平価切り下げが国内消費と比べて国内収入を増やせば、経常収支はよくなります。しかし、平価切り下げが国内消費と比較して、国内生産を増やせば経常収支は悪化します。

  • 英語数学の答えが分かりません・・・

    問題             Write as an algebraic expression 1. five more that the absolute value of a number 2. the additive inverse of a number increased by its absolute value. 3. the additive inverse of the absolute value of twice some number. 4. the absolute value of the sum of two numbers. 5. the sum of the absolute value of two numbers.. 6. The absolute value of the difference of x and y is greater than 5. 7. Three times the absolute value of a number is 8. 8.The absolute value of the sum of two numbers is less than the square of their sum

  • 英語数学の答えが分かりません・・・

    問題     Write as an algebraic expression 1. five more that the absolute value of a number 2. the additive inverse of a number increased by its absolute value. 3. the additive inverse of the absolute value of twice some number. 4. the absolute value of the sum of two numbers. 5. the sum of the absolute value of two numbers.. 6. The absolute value of the difference of x and y is greater than 5. 7. Three times the absolute value of a number is 8. 8.The absolute value of the sum of two numbers is less than the square of their sum

  • 【英語について】日本語→英語

    日本語→「人口約3億人のアメリカには、1100万人以上の不法移民がいると言われています。また、その約8割がメキシコ国境線を越えて入る込んだヒスパニックの人たちだとも言われています。」 英語→「It is said that the United States that of three hundred million has more than 11 million of illigal immigrants. Moreover, it is said that account for 80% of immigrants is Hispanic who cross the border between Mexico. 」 こちらの文を日本語→英語にしたのであっているか見て欲しいです。よろしくお願いします。