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Cherkassov watched in helpless horror from the Eastern & Oriental Hotel as his ship sank to the bottom of the Straits. He was court-martialled for negligence and was sentenced to 3½ years in prison, reduction in rank, and expulsion from the navy. His deputy, Lt. Kulibin, was sentenced to 1½ years in prison. However, Tsar Nicholas II reduced the sentences, and the two former officers were ordered to serve as ordinary seamen. Both would later distinguish themselves in combat and they were decorated with the Cross of St. George. Lt. Théroinne, who commanded the Mousquet, was among those killed in the action. Thirty-six survivors out of the destroyer's crew of 80 were rescued by the Emden. Three of the French sailors died from their injuries and were buried at sea with military honours. Two days after the battle, the Emden stopped the British steamer Newburn and transferred the remaining French prisoners to her. She was then released and conveyed the prisoners to Sabang, Sumatra, then part of the neutral Dutch East Indies. The Emden continued her successful raiding mission for another 10 days, before she was encountered by the more powerful Royal Australian Navy light cruiser Sydney. The Sydney's heavier and longer range guns enabled her to severely damage the Emden, which had to be run aground and surrendered at the Battle of Cocos. A total of 12 Russian sailors are buried on Jerejak and Penang islands. The monument honouring the sailors of Zhemchug was twice renovated by Soviet sailors in 1972 and 1987 respectively. The battle was mentioned numerous times by Vladimir Putin on his 2003 presidential visit to Malaysia. The Russian embassy in Malaysia holds memorial services twice annually in honour of the fallen sailors. German campaign in Angola Before the official declaration of war between Germany and Portugal (March 1916), German and Portuguese troops clashed several times on the border between German South West Africa and Portuguese Angola. The Germans won most of these clashes and were able to occupy the Humbe region of southern Angola until Portuguese control was restored a few days before the British campaign out of South Africa defeated the Germans. From 1911 until July 1914, the German and British Empires secretly negotiated about possible dismemberment of Portuguese Angola;. In such a case most of the land would fall into the hands of the Germans. Angola-Bund, founded in 1912, was the German organization promoting the takeover. Even before World War I started (September 1914), the Portuguese government had sent reinforcements to the southern border of Angola. After the war broke out, the border between German South West Africa and Angola remained open. The Germans hoped they would be able to supply food and possibly even arms through it. However, the Portuguese colonial government was rather hostile and attempted to thwart all possible trade. A few German nationals in Angola were interned. German campaign in Angola アンゴラ戦線

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>Cherkassov watched in helpless ~ Cross of St. George. ⇒チェルカッソフは、自分の船が海峡の底に沈んだとき、「イースタン&オリエンタルホテル」から救いようのない恐怖感をもってそれを見た。彼は過失のために軍法裁判にかけられ、懲役3年半、階級の格下げ、および海軍からの除名の刑が宣告された。彼の補佐官、クリビン中尉は、1年半の禁固刑を言い渡された。しかし、皇帝ニコラスII世は減刑し、元2名の将校は普通の船員になるよう命じた。両者とも後に戦闘で勲功をあげることだろうし、そうして、「聖ジョージ十字章」を受章するかもしれない、と。 >Lt. Théroinne, who commanded ~ neutral Dutch East Indies. ⇒(フランス軍駆逐艦)ムスク号を指揮していたテロワン中尉は、この戦闘で殺害された人々の一人だった。駆逐艦の乗組員80人のうち36人がエムデン号によって救助された。フランス軍水夫のうち3人が負傷して死亡し、軍葬の礼によって海中に水葬された。戦闘の2日後、エムデン号は英国の汽船ニューバーン号を止めて、残りのフランス人捕虜をそれに委託した。そうして汽船は釈放され、囚人をスマトラのサバンへ、それから当時のオランダ領東インドの一か所に運んだ。 >The Emden continued ~ honour of the fallen sailors. ⇒エムデン号はさらに10日間襲撃任務を続けて成功し、その後でより強力な英国国王(傘下)のオーストラリア海軍軽巡洋艦シドニー号に遭遇した。シドニー号のより重大で長い射程距離の大砲はエムデン号に大損害を与えることが可能であった。ジェレジャク島やペナン島には合計12人のロシア軍水夫が埋葬されている。ツェムチュヒ号の水夫を称える記念碑が、それぞれ1972年と1987年にソビエトの水夫によって改装された。2003年、ウラジミール・プーチン大統領はマレーシアを訪問して、この戦いについて何度も言及した。マレーシアのロシア大使館は、(この戦いで)倒れた水夫を称えて年2回記念式典を開催している。 >German campaign in Angola  Before the official declaration ~ promoting the takeover. ⇒「ドイツ軍のアンゴラ野戦」  ドイツとポルトガル間の公式の宣戦布告(1916年3月)の前に、ドイツ軍隊とポルトガル軍隊はドイツ領南西アフリカとポルトガル領アンゴラとの間の境界で数回衝突した。南アフリカ共和国から来た英国野戦軍がドイツ軍を敗北させる数日前、ポルトガルの支配が回復されるまでドイツ軍はこれらの衝突の大部分を勝ち取り、アンゴラ南部のフンベ地域を占領することができた。1911年から1914年7月まで、ドイツ帝国と英国帝国は密かにポルトガル領アンゴラの国土分割の可能性について交渉した。その場合、大部分の土地がドイツ軍の手に渡ると思われた。1912年に設立されたアンゴラ‐ブンド(海岸通り)は、買収を推進するドイツの組織したものであった。 >Even before World War I started ~ in Angola were interned. ⇒第一次世界大戦が始まる前(1914年9月)、ポルトガル政府はアンゴラの南部国境に増援を送っていた。戦争が勃発した後も、ドイツ領南西アフリカとアンゴラとの国境は開いたままであった。ドイツ軍は、そこを通って食糧を、さらには、できれば武器さえ供給できることを望んでいた。しかし、ポルトガルの植民地政府はかなり敵対的であり、あらゆる可能な貿易を阻止しようとした。アンゴラにいる数人のドイツ国人が抑留された。

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