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The plan called for the right flank of the German advance to bypass the French armies concentrated on the Franco-German border, defeat the French forces closer to Luxembourg and Belgium and move south to Paris. Initially the Germans were successful, particularly in the Battle of the Frontiers (14–24 August). By 12 September, the French, with assistance from the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), halted the German advance east of Paris at the First Battle of the Marne (5–12 September) and pushed the German forces back some 50 km (31 mi). The French offensive into southern Alsace, launched on 20 August with the Battle of Mulhouse, had limited success. German soldiers in a railway goods wagon on the way to the front in 1914. Early in the war, all sides expected the conflict to be a short one. In the east, Russia invaded with two armies. In response, Germany rapidly moved the 8th Field Army from its previous role as reserve for the invasion of France to East Prussia by rail across the German Empire. This army, led by general Paul von Hindenburg defeated Russia in a series of battles collectively known as the First Battle of Tannenberg (17 August – 2 September). While the Russian invasion failed, it caused the diversion of German troops to the east, allowing the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne. This meant Germany failed to achieve its objective of avoiding a long, two-front war. However, the German army had fought its way into a good defensive position inside France and effectively halved France's supply of coal. It had also killed or permanently crippled 230,000 more French and British troops than it itself had lost. Despite this, communications problems and questionable command decisions cost Germany the chance of a more decisive outcome.

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この計画は、ドイツ軍の進出の右翼がフランスとドイツの国境に集中しているフランス軍を迂回し、ルクセンブルクとベルギーに近いフランス軍を倒し、南にパリに向かった。当初、ドイツ軍は、特にフロンティアの戦い(8月14-24日)に成功しました。 9月12日までに、フランス軍は、英国遠征軍(BEF)の支援を得て、マルネの最初の戦闘(9月5~12日)にパリの東進を中止し、ドイツ軍を約50km )。ミュールーズの戦いで8月20日に発射された南アルザスへのフランスの攻撃は限定的な成功を収めました。 1914年には鉄道品のワゴンに乗ったドイツ軍兵士たちが戦争初期に紛争を起こすと予想していた。 東は、ロシアは2つの軍隊を侵略した。これに対応して、ドイツはドイツの帝国を横断してフランスのイーストプルシアへの侵攻のための予備としての役割を果たした。ポール・フォン・ヒンデンブルク将軍が率いるこの軍隊は、Tannenbergの第一次戦闘(8月17日~9月2日)として一連の戦闘でロシアを打ち負かした。ロシアの侵略は失敗したが、それはドイツ軍の東への転用をもたらし、マーンの最初の戦闘で連合軍の勝利を可能にした。これは、ドイツが長い二戦戦争を避けるという目的を達成できなかったことを意味していた。しかし、ドイツ軍はフランス国内で良好な防衛的地位を確立し、フランスの石炭供給を事実上半減させた。また、それは失ったよりも23万人も多くのフランスと英国の軍隊を殺したか、または永久に失脚させた。それにもかかわらず、通信上の問題や疑わしい命令の決定は、ドイツにとってより決定的な結果につながる可能性があります。

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