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The Battle of Mărășești (August 6, 1917 – September 8, 1917) was the last major battle between the German Empire and the Kingdom of Romania on the Romanian front during World War I. Romania was mostly occupied by the Central Powers, but the Battle of Mărășești kept the northeastern region of the country free from occupation.On July 22, 1917, the Romanians launched a joint offensive with Russia against the Austro-Hungarian 1st Army, around Mărăști and the lower part of the Siret river, which resulted in the Battle of Mărăști. Although there was some initial success, a counter-offensive by the Central Powers in Galicia stopped the Romanian-Russian offensive.The offensive of the German Ninth Army, from the Army Group Mackensen, started on August 6, 1917, when the units of the Russian Fourth Army on the Siret River were expected to leave their positions to reinforce the front in the north of Moldavia and be replaced by the divisions of the Romanian First Army (commanded by General Constantin Cristescu until August 12, then by General Eremia Grigorescu). For 29 days, until September 3, this sector was the scene of the most important battle delivered by the Romanian army during the 1917 campaign. The Battle of Mărășești had three distinct stages. During the first stage (August 6–12), successively committed to battle, the troops of the Romanian First Army, together with Russian forces, managed to arrest the enemy advance and forced the Germans, through their resistance, to gradually change the direction of their attack north-westward. In the second stage (August 13–19), the Romanian Command completely took over the command of the battle from the Russians and the confrontation reached its climax on August 19, ending in a complete thwarting of the enemy's attempts to advance. The third stage (August 20 – September 3) saw the last German attempt at least to improve their positions in view of a new offensive, this one too baffled by the Romanian response. Starting with August 8, 1917, the fighting on the Mărășești front combined with an Austro-Hungarian-German offensive at Oituz. Battle of Mărășești マラシェスティの戦い

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>The Battle of Mărășești (August 6, 1917 – September 8, 1917) was the last major battle between the German Empire and the Kingdom of Romania on the Romanian front during World War I. Romania was mostly occupied by the Central Powers, but the Battle of Mărășești kept the northeastern region of the country free from occupation.On July 22, 1917, the Romanians launched a joint offensive with Russia against the Austro-Hungarian 1st Army, around Mărăști and the lower part of the Siret river, which resulted in the Battle of Mărăști. ⇒「マラシェスティの戦い」(1917年8月6日-1917年9月8日)は、第一次世界大戦中ルーマニア前線におけるドイツ帝国とルーマニア王国との間の、最後の大きな戦いであった。ルーマニアは、大部分が中央同盟国軍によって占領されていたが、「マラシェスティの戦い」によって、国の北東部地域が占領から守られた。1917年7月22日、ルーマニア軍は、オーストリア‐ハンガリー第1方面軍に対して、マラシェスティとシレット川の低地部周辺で、ロシアとの共同攻撃を開始したので、これが結果として「マラシェスティの戦い」と(呼ばれることに)なった。 >Although there was some initial success, a counter-offensive by the Central Powers in Galicia stopped the Romanian-Russian offensive.The offensive of the German Ninth Army, from the Army Group Mackensen, started on August 6, 1917, when the units of the Russian Fourth Army on the Siret River were expected to leave their positions to reinforce the front in the north of Moldavia and be replaced by the divisions of the Romanian First Army (commanded by General Constantin Cristescu until August 12, then by General Eremia Grigorescu). ⇒最初は若干の成功があったが、ガリツィアの中央同盟国軍による反撃でルーマニア‐ロシア軍の攻撃が食い止められた。マッケンゼン方面軍グループから来た、ドイツ軍第9方面軍の攻撃が1917年8月6日に始まったが、そのときシレット川のロシア第4方面軍の部隊が、モルダビア北部の前線を補強するために彼らの陣地を離れて、ルーマニア第1方面軍(8月12日まではコンスタンタン・クリステスク将軍の、それ以降はエレミア・グリゴレスク将軍の麾下にあった)の数個師団によって交替してもらうことが期待された。 >For 29 days, until September 3, this sector was the scene of the most important battle delivered by the Romanian army during the 1917 campaign. The Battle of Mărășești had three distinct stages. During the first stage (August 6–12), successively committed to battle, the troops of the Romanian First Army, together with Russian forces, managed to arrest the enemy advance and forced the Germans, through their resistance, to gradually change the direction of their attack north-westward. ⇒この地区は、9月3日までの29日間、1917年の野戦の間にルーマニア軍が対峙した最も重要な戦いの場であった。「マラシェスティの戦い」には、3つの異なった段階があった。第1段階の間(8月6日–12日)、連続して戦いをすることになって、ルーマニア第1方面軍の部隊は、ロシア軍団と共同の抵抗を通じて何とか敵の前進を食い止め、ドイツ軍の攻撃方向を徐々に北西へ変えることを強制した。 >In the second stage (August 13–19), the Romanian Command completely took over the command of the battle from the Russians and the confrontation reached its climax on August 19, ending in a complete thwarting of the enemy's attempts to advance. The third stage (August 20 – September 3) saw the last German attempt at least to improve their positions in view of a new offensive, this one too baffled by the Romanian response. ⇒第2段階(8月13日-19日)では、ルーマニア司令部が戦いの命令をロシア軍から完全に踏襲して、敵対模様は8月19日にそのクライマックスに達した。そして、進軍する敵の試みを完全に妨害することで終わった。第3段階(8月20日-9月3日)、ドイツ軍が新しい攻撃を考慮して、少なくとも彼らの陣地を改善すべく最後の試みを見せたものの、これもまた、ルーマニア軍の対応によって脆くも挫折した。 >Starting with August 8, 1917, the fighting on the Mărășești front combined with an Austro-Hungarian-German offensive at Oituz. ⇒1917年8月8日から始まったマラシェスティ前線上の戦いは、オーストリア‐ハンガリー‐ドイツ軍によるオイトゥツの攻撃と組み合わさった。

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