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日本語訳を!c11-2

お願いします!続き Imagine a 12-year-old boy named Kumar who was getting ready to study the Vedas.On a typical day,Kumar awoke to the sounds of his mother getting breakfast ready and his older sister sweeping the kitchen in preparation for the morning rituals.The kitchen would have been located in an open courtyard in the northeastern part of the house,the purest and most holy part of the home.The sun hit this area first,warming the mud-plastered walls and bringing light to the courtyard.On cold mornings,Kumar might well have wished that he had been born a girl.His sister got to stay at home and help their mother in he warm kitchen,but he had to bathe in the ice-cold river in the fog before his morning worship of the sun deity Surya. One of the first things Kumar learned as a child was that there were four different varna,or classes of people.In reality,society was a lot more complex,with many different communities.The Vedas taught that the four varna came from the body of Purusha,the cosmic being whose sacrifice resulted in the creation of the universe.The Brahmins,the class of priests,came from the head of Purusha.The Kshatriyas,the warriors and kings,came from his arms,while the Vaishyas,or merchants,came from his thighs,and the Shudras,or peasants,from his feet. The peoples of the late Vedic period believed that people were born into the varna they deserved.If people lived good lives,they would be reborn into a higher class.When people kived such good lives that they became perfect,they united with the cosmic being.

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ベーダを勉強する準備をしていたクマールという名の12才の男の子を想像してください。典型的な日には、朝食を用意している彼の母と朝の儀式に備えて台所を掃いている彼の姉の音で、クマールは目をさましました。台所は、家の北東の一角の開いた中庭にあり、家の最も清らかで最も神聖な部分でした。太陽は最初にこの場所を照らし、泥で固めた壁を暖め、中庭に光を届けました。 寒い朝は、クマールは、自分が女の子として生まれたらよかったのにと思いました。彼の姉は家にいて、彼らの母を暖かい台所で手伝わなければなりませんでした、しかし、彼は太陽神スルヤの朝の礼拝をする前に氷のように冷たい川で沐浴しなければなりませんでした。 子供の頃にクマールが学んだ最初のことの一つは、4つの異なるバルナすなわち人々の階級があるということでした。実際、多くの異なるコミュニティがあって、社会はもっと複雑でした。ベーダの教えによれば、4つのバルナはプルシャの身体に由来していました、プルシャはそれが犠牲となって宇宙の創造につながった宇宙的存在でした。聖職者階級であるバラモンは、プルシャの頭に由来しました。武人や王であるクシャトリアは彼の腕に由来していてました、他方、商人のバイシャは彼の腿に、シュードラすなわち百姓は、彼の足に由来していました。 後期ベーダ期の民族は、人々が彼らにふさわしいバルナに生まれると思っていました。人々が良い人生を送るならば、彼らはより高い階級に生まれ変わることになります。人々が良い人生を過ごし完璧になった時、彼らは宇宙の存在と一体となるのでした。

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