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日本語訳を!c9-2

お願いします!続き At first,no modern scholar knew where Meluhha was.Then archaeologists realized that “Meluhha”must be the Akkadian (a Mesopotamian language) word for the land we know as the Indus Valley.Harappan merchants must have brought the precious stones and beautiful dark wood to Mesopotamia.These merchants would do almost anything for a profit,including sailing to Mesopotamia on the last winds of the winter monsoon. Imagine a sea captain from Dholavira,on India's northeastern coast,making the last preparations for his annual winter voyage to Mesopotamia.The northeast winds of the retreating monsoon were picking up,and he was anxious to roll the last big pottery storage jars into the hold of his ship.Although no boats from this period have survived,we know from seals and clay models that his boat was probably made of wood and included mast,sail,and central cabin.Shallow-bottomed riverboats,which did not have masts or sails,were also made of wood or of reed waterproofed with tar-in fact,some bits of tar with the impression of reeds still survive in Oman. Our captain's crew set up a small kitchen with a cooking area in a corner of the boat protected from the wind.They hung strings of onions and garlic from the roof,and stowed small clay pots filled with ginger,salt,and spices on shelves built along the kitchen's back wall.They piled stacks of firewood and dried cow dung chips for cooking fuel on the deck,wherever they could find room in between long black beams of shisham wood(Indian rosewood) for which the Mesopotamian carpenters and shipbuilders would pay a high price.

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最初、現代の学者は誰も、メルーハがどこにあったのかわかりませんでした。それから、考古学者は「メルーハ」は我々がインダス渓谷として知っている土地に対するアッカド語(メソポタミアの言語)に違いないと気付きました。ハラッパの商人が、メソポタミアに宝石や美しい濃い色の木(紫檀、黒檀?)を持ってきたにちがいありません。これらの商人は、冬のモンスーンの最後の季節風に乗ってメソポタミアに航海することを含めて、利益のためにはほぼ何でもしました。 ドーラビラ出身の船長が、インドの北東部海岸で、メソポタミアに向けた彼の例年の冬の航海の最後の準備をしているところを想像してください。弱まっているモンスーンの北東の風が勢いを増してきました、そして、船長は最後の大きい陶器製の貯蔵用の壺を彼の船の船倉に積み込みたいと願っていました。この時代の船で現存している物はありませんが、彼の船が多分木造で、マスト、帆、中央船室があったということを、我々は印鑑や粘土細工から分かっています。 船底の浅い川船には、マストや帆がありませんでしたが、それらも、また、木、または、タールで防水された葦できていました ― 実際、葦の跡型の残るタールがいくらかオマーンで、今も残っています。 我々の船長の元で働く船員は、風から護られた船の隅に料理をする場所のある小さな台所を作りました。彼らはタマネギとニンニクをひも状に屋根からつるし、台所の後ろの壁に沿って造られた棚に、ショウガ、塩、スパイスで満たされた小さな素焼の壺を積み込みました。彼らは、甲板の上に薪の束と料理の燃料にするための乾燥牛糞の欠片を積み上げました、メソポタミアの大工や船大工が高値を支払うシシャムの木(インド紫檀)の長く黒い梁の間に空間を見つけることができたいたるところに積み上げたのです。

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  • 日本語訳を!c9-1

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  • 日本語訳を!c9-3

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  • 日本語訳を!c9-6

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