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少し長いですが訳していただけないでしょうか?なかなか訳せません… Is music no more than auditory cheesecake, as Pinker would have us believe? Is it simply an evolutionary spin-off from language--a lucky break for humankind, providing song and dance as a relief from the tedium of survival and reproduction? Or is this view itself simply a knee-jerk reaction to contrary claims that music is adaptive and as deeply rooted in our biology as language? Can either of these views be justified? How and why, if at all, are language and music related? 


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 「音楽とは、ピンカーの言うように、音のチーズケーキに過ぎないのだろうか? 人類に取っては幸運であったが ー 音楽とは人間形成の途上で、生存と生殖の退屈さを紛らすための歌と踊りを供給する、言語からの副産物に過ぎないのだろうか?  それとも、こういった見方自体が、音楽は順応性の産物であり、言語同様、我々の生物的根源に深い根を持つ、という反対意見に対する、単なる条件反射なのであろうか?  この二つの見方のどちらかが正当と言えるのか?  言語と音楽の間には、どのような、またどのような理由で、もしあるとすれば、関連があるのだろうか。」 でしょうかね。



  • 日本語訳を頼みます。

    お願いします 1 The world is becoming a "global village" right before our eyes. English is emerging as the international language. It is the first language of many nations and a second language in countries such as India and Nigeria. 2 Why is English so adaptable? Its history provides one clue. English has always been open to new words from different tongues. This is not the situation in France, Italy, or Spain, where language academies have kept their respective languages free of foreign words.

  • 日本語訳お願いします!

    Bruno Nettl, the distinguished ethnomusicologist, defined music as ‘human sound communication outside the scope of language’. That is perhaps as good a definition as we can get. もしよければ訳していただけないでしょうか?

  • 日本語訳を教えて下さい

    Sometimes it is suggested that the problem of the underdeveloped countries is simply their technological and economic backwardness.the problem is,of course, much more complex than that,for it involves all of their major social institutions-polity,economy,family,religion,and education-as well as the attitudes and values of their people. In short, the problem involves every area for which industrialization has major consequences. よろしくお願いします

  • 日本語訳をお願いします。

    While barriers to entry are high, intangibility of the product is still a problem as is the inseparability of production and consumption, to some extent, as clients have to participate in the creation of tax returns, consulting reports, and other products of professional service firms. です。長い一文で、自分なりに和訳しようとしたのですが、as以下が全く検討もつきません。asの後にisがあって、そしてまたその後にasがきています。 どいういう構造になっているのでしょうか?よろしくお願いします。

  • 日本語訳をお願いします

    ある日、取引先("ABC社"とします)から下記のような文章が送られてきたのですが解りかねるため、日本語訳をお願いできませんでしょうか?保守契約の値上げのような雰囲気がするのですが、正確な意味が恥ずかしながら解りません。 As a common practice for enterprise software companies, ABC started from December 2015 to include CPI(Consumer Price Index) in its maintenance renewal quotes. CPI is applied to all maintenance renewals, based on the country and contractual terms. Please note that in the absence of contractual terms the global minimum is 5%. The CPI represents the changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by ABC customers and partners. CPI is calculated as percentage from the current maintenance quote. 宜しくお願いいたします。

  • 日本語訳お願いします。

    Consider, for example, that the existence of a single human thought requires the highly complex interaction of hundreds of neurons. In order to separate mind from brain, it would be necessary to think of each neuron as something distinct from its function, which is a little like trying to separate the seawater that provides the substance of an ocean wave from the energy that gives the wave its shape and motion. The existence of the wave requires both elements: without energy, the wave would fall flat; without water, the wave energy would have no expression. In the same sense, it is not possible to separate individual neurons from their functions; if it were possible, then a thought could be feed from its neurological base, and the mind could be seen as something separate from the brain, a free-floating consciousness that could be considered a “soul “.

  • 訳を手伝ってください。

     Make progress in English reading という教材で分からなかった文章がありました。  If that is the case,then language cannot be as novel as it seems, for evolutionary adaptations do not emerge out of the blue.  asをどうやって処理するかで悩んでおります。  この一文を訳していただけると非常にありがたいです。

  • 大至急日本語訳お願いいたします。

    辞書をつかっても訳サイトをつかっても自然な訳ができません。 英語のできる方お願いいたします。 When a person drinks alcohol, this is what happens: First, the mouth and throat experience a little irritation. Next, some of the alcohol stops in the stomach, but most of it moves on to the small intestine. From there, it goes into the blood. However, as it hits the bloodstream, it affects a pcrson’s speech, movement, vision, and balance. This happens to any person in any culture. How people in different cultures handle alcohol is a different story, however. Social conditions, cultural factors, and physical differences all play a role in how alcohol affects a society’s population.  In France, people drink great quantities of wine from a young age. Liver disease is high compared with other countries, but interestingly, the number of heart attacks is low. This puzzles scientists because the French diet is high_in cheese, cream, and other foods that are thought to be dangerous for the heart. Therefore some experts think that red wine may have a positive effect on the blood and circulation. Red wine is the preferred drink of France.  In Italy, as in France, drinking wine is popular from a young age. For men, it is embarrassing if you cannot seem to control yourself while drinking. As police seldom check drivers for drinking, it is no surprise that there are a lot of traffic deaths in Italy each year connected to alcohol. Just as in France, however, heavy drinking has been declining in recent years. Education in both countries has helped to reduce the number of heavy drinkers.  In Finland, road checks are extremely strict. Therefore, 17% of all traffic deaths are related to alcohol, which is low. Yet heavy drinking is popular, and during the winter, it is not uncommon to find a happy man frozen to death in a park or dead on the ground after hitting his head following a fall while walking home on an icy street. Finland is a very cold country during the winter, and days are very short, as the sun comes up late and sets early. The long period of darkness in the winter, too, means that people drink more. In Asian countries such as Japan and Korea, it is sometimes important to drink with company workers if you are asked. Many decisions are made over drinks outside of the company. As a customer walks to a pub or bar, he can easily buy a drink along the way, from one of the many vending machines selling alcohol right on the street. The easy availability of alcohol would seem to be a big problem. However, as many Asians lack an enzyme that breaks down acetaldehyde, their faces become red when they drink. This serves as a sort of warning system. For this reason, alcoholism is comparatively low in Japan. Raising a glass of wine, beer, or liquor is one of humankind’s oldest rituals. lt can deepen friendships and make celebrations happier. However, it also has the power to ruin lives, families, and kill thousands upon thousands in traffic accidents each year. It is a riddle that every culture seems to try solving in its own way.

  • 日本語訳お願いします。

    B,C,D に当てはまる語句も下記から選んでほしいです。 alertness、 independence、 industrialization 、privacy The difference in attitude also reflects the way different cultures view sleep in general. Mayans treat sleep as a social activity and think sleeping alone is a hardship, whereas Americans treat sleep as a time of B; sharing a bed is considered a sacrifice. Americans make a clear distinction between daytime nighttime and the kinds of activities that can take place during each time of day, while the San think nothing of waking up in the middle of the night and spending a few hours around the campfire talking. There is no insomnia in their because no one is expected to sleep through the night. In fact, cross-cultural sleep research has shown that night waking is actually much less frequent in Western cultures than in others. And yet Western parents view those comparatively few periods of C during the night as much more problematic than parents in societies where babies' sleep is much lighter. But it is not just D ,or modernity, that has fostered nights of uninterrupted solitary sleep. Japanese children sleep with their parents until they are teens. Even when other rooms and other beds are available, Japanese babies and young children are placed on futons in the parents' room. The Japanese the child as a separate biological organism needs to be drawn into an interdependent relationship parents and society, especially with the mother Japanese prefer not to sleep alone; they do not expect, and probably imagine being interested sleeping alone. For the Japanese the concept of family sharing the night, family tends to orient toward mother and children, with the father on the outside, rather than the American version of the ideal nuclear family with mother and father first and foremost as partners, and children subordinate to that primary relationship.

  • 日本語訳を! 2-(4)

    お願いします。  On the first page of our ancient comic book there are two scenes. The larger shows king Angry Catfish, or Narmer, about to smash the head of a man kneeling in front of him. The victim's name (or is it the mane of a group of people?) is Wash and is written above his head. Could Wash be a leader that Narmer has conquered? Or is it symbolic of a whole tribe of people Narmer has beaten in battle?  More clues come from what is right in front of Narmer's face. The falcon perched on the reeds is no ordinary bird. He is Horus of Nekhen, the symbol of Egyptian royalty and protector of the king. Horus of Nekhen perches on reeds called papyrus. Each papyrus blossom is the Egyptian symbol for 1,000. The meaning is clear . King Narmer―the king of Upper Egypt―has conquered and captured Lower Egypt.  That bowling-pin-shaped hat that King Catfish is wearing is the White Crown of Upper Egypt. The king is also wearing a bull's tail, which shows he is as strong as a bull. Behind Narmer there is a person carrying the king's sandals. He is much smaller in order to show that he isn't as powerful as Narmer. In the second scene those two men who look as though they are swimming are actually Narmer's fallen enemies sprawled helplessly inside their walled town. Narmer has won.  Page two of our comic book (otherwise known as "the back") is divided into three scenes. In the top scene Narmer is wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt. The Sandal Bearer is still following Narmer carrying his sandals, and Narmer is still holding his head-bashing mace, but instead of the hair of his enemy he holds a staff in his other hand, The staff is a symbol of royalty. He is parading with smaller, less important people (everyone is less hmportant than Narmer now) toward ten bodies with their heads cut off and placed between their legs. Like dogs with their tails tucked between their legs, these are the cowering, conquered enemies.