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  • 質問No.9646079
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Fournier decided to open negotiations to play for time and hold out until the night of 8 September if possible. Just before noon, Fournier sent Captain Grenier to Zwehl, carrying a letter asking for a 24-hour truce, to bury the dead and discuss surrender terms. Zwehl gave Grenier four hours to return to Fournier and continued the attack. While Grenier had been on his way to Zwehl, Fournier had raised a white flag on the Maubeuge church tower and Brigadier Rene de PeyreCave had the signal repeated in the first sector. Troops began to lay down their arms and 1,000 to 1,500 of the defenders managed to slip away to the west and reach safety.
Isolated near le Douzies, Ville saw German troops 200–300 m (220–330 yd) and to honour the truce ordered his troops to cease-fire. General Neuhaus and a party of German cavalry attempted to take Ville prisoner but he objected because Fournier was still negotiating, as could be seen by the white flag over Maubeuge. Neuhaus concluded a local agreement that the French would stay in their positions on either side of the Le Douzies–Hautmont road. Soon afterwards a German parlementaire took Ville to General Andreas von Harbou at Fort de Laveau where he was shown twelve 77 mm field guns and given a ten-minute ultimatum they would open fire unless he surrendered. Ville could see that his soldiers had ceased hostilities and that most were unarmed, with no more artillery, Ville surrendered the Fourth Sector to prevent more bloodshed. When Grenier returned to Fournier, he bowed to the inevitable and sent Grenier back with his surrender of the Entrenched Camp of Maubeuge, to take effect at noon on 8 September. In the first weeks of the German invasion, much of the rail network in Belgium and northern France was closed by demolitions before the Germans arrived and only the single line from Trier to Liège, Brussels, Valenciennes and Cambrai remained available to the German armies in the north. A maximum of forty trains a day could be run, which meant that the transport of one corps took four days. The fall of Maubeuge made the Diedenhofen to Luxembourg line available once the rail bridge at Namur was repaired.

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>Fournier decided to open negotiations to play for time and hold out until the night of 8 September if possible. Just before noon, Fournier sent Captain Grenier to Zwehl, carrying a letter asking for a 24-hour truce, to bury the dead and discuss surrender terms. Zwehl gave Grenier four hours to return to Fournier and continued the attack. While Grenier had been on his way to Zwehl, Fournier had raised a white flag on the Maubeuge church tower and Brigadier Rene de PeyreCave had the signal repeated in the first sector. Troops began to lay down their arms and 1,000 to 1,500 of the defenders managed to slip away to the west and reach safety.
⇒フルニエは、可能であれば時間をかけて9月8日の夜まで延期する交渉を始めようと決心した。正午の直前に、フルニエは死者を葬り、降伏条件を話し合うために24時間休戦を求める手紙をグルニエ大尉に持たせてツヴェールのもとに送った。ツヴェールは、グルニエがフルニエのもとに戻るために4時間を与えたが、その間攻撃を続けた。一方、フルニエは、グルニエがツヴェールのもとに向かう途中、モーブージュ教会の塔に白旗を掲げ、ルネ・ド・ペイルカヴ准将は第1地区でその信号を繰り返した。軍隊は武器をしまい始め、1,000人ないし1,500人の防御隊が西に逃げて安全(圏)に着いた。

>Isolated near le Douzies, Ville saw German troops 200–300 m (220–330 yd) and to honour the truce ordered his troops to cease-fire. General Neuhaus and a party of German cavalry attempted to take Ville prisoner but he objected because Fournier was still negotiating, as could be seen by the white flag over Maubeuge. Neuhaus concluded a local agreement that the French would stay in their positions on either side of the Le Douzies–Hautmont road.
⇒ル・ドゥージーの近くで隔離されたヴィルは、ドイツ軍が200~300メートル(220~330ヤード)離れているのを見て、停戦に敬意を表して軍に発砲停止を命じた。ノイハウス将軍とドイツ軍の騎兵小隊はヴィルの囚人を捕まえようとしたが、モーブージュの白い旗でも分かるように、フルニエがまだ交渉中であったため、彼は反対した。ノイハウスは、フランス軍がル・ドゥージー‐オーモン道のいずれの側の陣地にとどまってもよいという局地的合意を結論した。

>Soon afterwards a German parlementaire took Ville to General Andreas von Harbou at Fort de Laveau where he was shown twelve 77 mm field guns and given a ten-minute ultimatum they would open fire unless he surrendered. Ville could see that his soldiers had ceased hostilities and that most were unarmed, with no more artillery, Ville surrendered the Fourth Sector to prevent more bloodshed. When Grenier returned to Fournier, he bowed to the inevitable and sent Grenier back with his surrender of the Entrenched Camp of Maubeuge, to take effect at noon on 8 September.
⇒その後すぐに、ドイツ軍の補佐官がヴィルをデ・ラヴォー砦のアンドレアス・フォン・ハルボウ将軍のところに連れて行き、そこで12門の77ミリ野戦砲を見せて、降伏しない限り発砲するとの10分間(猶予)の最後通告を突きつけた。ヴィルは、自軍の兵士が敵対行為をやめ、ほとんどが非武装であり、大砲もない状況に鑑み、これ以上の流血を防ぐために第4地区を降伏させた。グルニエがフルニエのもとに戻った(事の次第を伝えた)とき、彼は不可避のこととしてそれを受け入れ、9月8日の正午に実施するためグルニエに降伏令を持たせてモーブージュの塹壕野営地に送り返した。

>In the first weeks of the German invasion, much of the rail network in Belgium and northern France was closed by demolitions before the Germans arrived and only the single line from Trier to Liège, Brussels, Valenciennes and Cambrai remained available to the German armies in the north. A maximum of forty trains a day could be run, which meant that the transport of one corps took four days. The fall of Maubeuge made the Diedenhofen to Luxembourg line available once the rail bridge at Namur was repaired.
⇒ドイツ軍による侵攻の最初の数週間、ベルギーおよび北フランスの鉄道網の多くは破壊によってドイツ軍の到着の前に閉鎖され、トリエからリエージュ、ブリュッセル、バレンシエンヌ、カンブレまでの単一線のみが北のドイツ方面軍にとって利用可能であった。1日に最大40本の列車を運行できるだけだったので、1個軍団の輸送に4日かかった。(しかし)モーブージュの崩壊により、ナミュールの鉄道橋が修復されると、ディーデンホーフェンからルクセンブルクまでの路線が利用可能になった。
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iwano_aoi

お礼率 88% (2703/3040)

回答ありがとうございました。
投稿日時:2019/08/24 23:09
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