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The 1/1st Herts war diary reads, The Bn who were in trenches on both sides of the road were ordered to move forward in support of the 118th Bde, being temporarily attached to the 4/5th Black Watch Regt. Soon after moving forward British troops were seen retiring to the left in large numbers. Consequently the Bn was ordered to move forward to the left and cover their withdrawal. After having skilfully carried this out the Bn conformed to the general withdrawal to a line between MORCOURT and the FOUCACOURT–LAMOTTE road. The Bn collected and assembled, then counter attacked the enemy, driving him back to within a few hundred yards of the village of MORCOURT.(27 March 1918) First Battle of Arras, 28 March Day 8, 28 March, The focus of the German attack changed again on 28 March. The Third Army, around Arras, that would be the target of Operation Mars. Twenty-nine divisions attacked the Third Army and were repulsed. German troops advancing against the Fifth Army, from the original front at St. Quentin, had penetrated some 60 km (40 mi) by this time, reaching Montdidier. Rawlinson replaced Gough, who was "Stellenbosched" (sacked) despite having organised a long and reasonably successful retreat given the conditions. The offensive saw a great wrong perpetrated on a distinguished British commander that was not righted for many years. Gough's Fifth Army had been spread thin on a 42-mile [68 km] front lately taken over from the exhausted and demoralized French. The reason why the Germans did not break through to Paris, as by all the laws of strategy they ought to have done, was the heroism of the Fifth Army and its utter refusal to break. They fought a 38-mile [61 km] rearguard action, contesting every village, field and, on occasion, yard ... With no reserves and no strongly defended line to its rear, and with eighty German divisions against fifteen British, the Fifth Army fought the Somme offensive to a standstill on the Ancre, not retreating beyond Villers-Bretonneux. — Roberts The German attack against the Third Army was less successful than that against the Fifth Army. The German 17th Army east of Arras advanced only 3 km (2 mi) during the offensive, largely due to the British bastion of Vimy Ridge, the northern anchor of the British defenses.

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>The 1/1st Herts war diary reads, The Bn who were in trenches on both sides of the road were ordered to move forward in support of the 118th Bde, being temporarily attached to the 4/5th Black Watch Regt. Soon after moving forward British troops were seen retiring to the left in large numbers. Consequently the Bn was ordered to move forward to the left and cover their withdrawal. After having skilfully carried this out the Bn conformed to the general withdrawal to a line between MORCOURT and the FOUCACOURT–LAMOTTE road. The Bn collected and assembled, then counter attacked the enemy, driving him back to within a few hundred yards of the village of MORCOURT.(27 March 1918) ⇒第1/1ハーツ隊の戦争日誌は語る、 「道路両側の塹壕にあった大隊は、第118旅団支援のために前方移動を命じられ、一時的に第4/5ハイランド連帯に配属された。英国軍は、前方移動した後、間もなく大挙して左翼に退去した。その結果、大隊が左翼前方へ移動して、撤退する彼らの援護を命じられた。これを見事に実行した後、大隊はモルクールとフォカクール-ラモット道間の戦線への総撤退に従った。大隊は集結し、編成されて、その後敵を反撃し、モルクール村の数百ヤード以内に戻った。」(1918年3月27日) >First Battle of Arras, 28 March Day 8, 28 March, The focus of the German attack changed again on 28 March. The Third Army, around Arras, that would be the target of Operation Mars. Twenty-nine divisions attacked the Third Army and were repulsed. German troops advancing against the Fifth Army, from the original front at St. Quentin, had penetrated some 60 km (40 mi) by this time, reaching Montdidier. ⇒「第1次アラスの戦い」、3月28日 第8日、3月28日、 3月28日にドイツ軍攻撃の焦点が再び変わった。アラス周辺の第3方面軍は、マール作戦行動の標的になったようだ。第29師団が第3方面軍を攻撃したが、撃退された。サン・ケンタンの当初の前線から第5方面軍に向かって進軍していたドイツ軍は、この時までに約60キロ(40マイル)も侵攻し、モンディダイエに到達した。 >Rawlinson replaced Gough, who was "Stellenbosched" (sacked) despite having organised a long and reasonably successful retreat given the conditions. The offensive saw a great wrong perpetrated on a distinguished British commander that was not righted for many years. Gough's Fifth Army had been spread thin on a 42-mile [68 km] front lately taken over from the exhausted and demoralized French. The reason why the Germans did not break through to Paris, as by all the laws of strategy they ought to have done, was the heroism of the Fifth Army and its utter refusal to break. They fought a 38-mile [61 km] rearguard action, contesting every village, field and, on occasion, yard ... ⇒ゴフはローリンソンに取って代わられたが、彼は課された条件のもとでの却をずっとうまく組織していたにもかかわらず、「左遷」(横取り)されたのである。著名な英国軍司令官を長年にわたって正当化しなかったことで、攻撃に大きな間違いが見られた。ゴフの第5方面軍は、42マイル〔68キロ〕の前線に薄く広がっており、疲弊し混乱したフランス軍から引き継いだ。ドイツ軍がパリに侵攻しなかった理由は、彼らが何としてもしなければならなかった戦略の掟として、第5方面軍の勇気を完膚なきまでに叩くことであった。彼らは38マイル〔61キロ〕の後衛部戦闘を戦い、すべての村、野原、時には庭園を荒らした…。 *この段落はまったく自信ありません。誤訳だらけかも知れませんが、お許し下さい。 >With no reserves and no strongly defended line to its rear, and with eighty German divisions against fifteen British, the Fifth Army fought the Somme offensive to a standstill on the Ancre, not retreating beyond Villers-Bretonneux. — Roberts  The German attack against the Third Army was less successful than that against the Fifth Army. The German 17th Army east of Arras advanced only 3 km (2 mi) during the offensive, largely due to the British bastion of Vimy Ridge, the northern anchor of the British defenses. ⇒後衛部には予備軍も強力な防御戦線もなく、ドイツ軍が80個師団をもっていたので、15個師団の英国軍は、ソンムの攻撃に対抗してアンクルで停戦に持ち込むために、ヴィエール‐ブレトンヌーを越えてまでは後退しなかった。―ロバーツ  第3方面軍に対するドイツ軍の攻撃は、第5方面軍に対する攻撃ほどは成功しなかった。アラスの東にあるドイツ第17方面軍は攻撃の間にわずか3キロ(2マイル)前進しただけであったが、それは主に英国軍防衛の北部アンカー(後陣)であるヴィミー・リッジの英国軍要塞のためであった。

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