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On 22/23 February, the Germans fell back another 3 mi (4.8 km) on a 15 mi (24 km) front. The Germans then withdrew from much of the R. I Stellung to the R. II Stellung on 11 March, forestalling a British attack, which was not noticed by the British until dark on 12 March; the main German withdrawal from the Noyon salient to the Hindenburg Line (Operation Alberich) commenced on schedule on 16 March.[Defensive positions held by the German army on the Somme after November 1916 were in poor condition, the garrisons were exhausted and censors of correspondence from front-line soldiers reported tiredness and low morale. The situation left the German command doubtful that the army could withstand a resumption of the battle.

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>On 22/23 February, the Germans fell back another 3 mi (4.8 km) on a 15 mi (24 km) front. The Germans then withdrew from much of the R. I Stellung to the R. II Stellung on 11 March, forestalling a British attack, which was not noticed by the British until dark on 12 March; the main German withdrawal from the Noyon salient to the Hindenburg Line (Operation Alberich) commenced on schedule on 16 March. ⇒2月22/23日に、ドイツ軍は15マイル(24キロ)幅前線をさらに3マイル(4.8キロ)後退した。それから3月11日には、第R. I戦線のドイツ軍の多くが、そこから第R. II戦線まで撤退した。そうして英国軍の攻撃に前もって対処したので、それは3月12日の夜まで英国軍に気づかれなかった。(さらに)主要ドイツ軍のノヨン突出部からヒンデンブルク戦線への撤退(アルベリヒ作戦)は、予定通り3月16日に始まった。 >Defensive positions held by the German army on the Somme after November 1916 were in poor condition, the garrisons were exhausted and censors of correspondence from front-line soldiers reported tiredness and low morale. The situation left the German command doubtful that the army could withstand a resumption of the battle. ⇒1916年11月以降、ソンムでドイツ方面軍によって保持されていた防御陣地はひどい状態になって、駐屯軍は疲弊し、最前線兵員からの通信官は、疲労と士気の低下を報告した。ドイツ軍司令官にとっては、戦いの再開に耐えることができるかどうか疑わしい状況となっていたのである。

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  • 日本語訳をお願いいたします。

    The Germans then withdrew from much of the R. I Stellung to the R. II Stellung on 11 March, forestalling a British attack, which went un-noticed by the British until dark on 12 March; the main German withdrawal further south from the Noyon salient to the Hindenburg Line (Operation Alberich) commenced on schedule on 16 March.By the end of 1916, the German defences on the south bank of the Ancre valley, had been pushed back from the original front line of 1 July 1916 and were based on the sites of fortified villages, connected by networks of trenches, most on reverse slopes sheltered from observation from the south and obscured from the north by the convex nature of the slopes. On the north bank the Germans had retained most of the Beaumont-Hamel spur, beyond which to the north were the original front line defences, running west of Serre northwards to Gommecourt and Monchy-au-Bois.

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