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The Provisional Government was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted political reform. They set up a democratically-elected executive and constituent assembly. At the same time, socialists also formed the Petrograd Soviet, which ruled alongside the Provisional Government, an arrangement termed Dual Power. The revolution appeared to break out spontaneously, without any real leadership or formal planning. Russia had been suffering from a number of economic and social problems, which were compounded by the impact of World War I. Bread rioters and industrial strikers were joined on the streets by disaffected soldiers from the city's garrison. As more and more troops deserted, and with loyal troops away at the Front, the city fell into chaos, leading to the overthrow of the Tsar. The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the Soviet Union.

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>The Provisional Government was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted political reform. They set up a democratically-elected executive and constituent assembly. At the same time, socialists also formed the Petrograd Soviet, which ruled alongside the Provisional Government, an arrangement termed Dual Power. ⇒臨時政府は、政治改革を望んだ自由主義者と社会主義者の間の同盟(団体)であった。彼ら(前者)は、民主主義的に選ばれる役職と憲法制定議会を立ち上げた。同時に、社会主義者も「ペトログラード・ソビエト」(評議会)を形成し、臨時政府と並行して「二重権力」と呼ばれる協定統治を行った。 >The revolution appeared to break out spontaneously, without any real leadership or formal planning. Russia had been suffering from a number of economic and social problems, which were compounded by the impact of World War I. Bread rioters and industrial strikers were joined on the streets by disaffected soldiers from the city's garrison. As more and more troops deserted, and with loyal troops away at the Front, the city fell into chaos, leading to the overthrow of the Tsar. ⇒革命は、現実のいかなるリーダーシップや公式計画がなくても、自然発生的に起こるように見えた。ロシアは、多くの経済・社会問題に苦しんでいたが、第一次世界大戦の影響によってそれがさらに複合した。パンを求める暴徒と産業ストライカーらが、都市の駐屯軍から来た不満を抱く兵士と街中で合流した。ますます多くの軍隊が義務を放棄し、忠実な軍隊は離れた前線にあったので、都市は混沌に陥って、ツァーの打倒に至ったのである。 >The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik* rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the Soviet Union. ⇒「二月革命」は、同じ年の「十月革命」に続いた。そして、ロシア社会にボルシェビキ*規則と構造変化をもたらして、「ソビエト連邦」への道が開かれていった。 *Bolshevik「ボルシェビキ」:レーニンを指導者とするロシア社会民主労働党の左派で、社会主義政策を最大限実現しようとする。

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