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A large number of German casualties were caused by the change in the wind direction and the decision to go ahead against protests by local officers, which were increased by British troops, who fired on German soldiers as they fled in the open. The gas used by the German troops at Hulluch was a mixture of chlorine and phosgene, which had first been used against British troops on 19 December 1915 at Wieltje, near Ypres. The German gas was of sufficient concentration to penetrate the British PH gas helmets and the 16th Division was unjustly blamed for poor gas discipline.

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>A large number of German casualties were caused by the change in the wind direction and the decision to go ahead against protests by local officers, which were increased by British troops, who fired on German soldiers as they fled in the open. ⇒風向の変化と、地元(ベルギー)の将校の抗議に逆らって(ベルギー国内での)前進を決めたことによって、ドイツ軍に多数の犠牲者が引き起こされた。地元の将校はイギリス軍(の提案)によって増員されていたのだが、ドイツ軍が戸外へ逃げ出したので、彼らがドイツ軍兵士に発砲したのである。 >The gas used by the German troops at Hulluch was a mixture of chlorine and phosgene, which had first been used against British troops on 19 December 1915 at Wieltje, near Ypres. The German gas was of sufficient concentration to penetrate the British PH* gas helmets and the 16th Division was unjustly blamed for poor gas discipline. ⇒ユルーシのドイツ軍隊によって用いられた毒ガスは、塩素とホスゲンの混合で、イープル近くのヴィールチェのイギリス軍に対して、1915年12月19日に初めて使われた。そのドイツ製毒ガスは、英国軍のPH*ガスマスクを透過するのに十分な濃度だったので、第16師団は貧弱な毒ガス規律の廉で不当に非難された。 PH:内容不詳。Phenate Hexamine「フェノラート・ヘキサミン」のアクロニム(頭字語)か。

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