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4 July was rainy, with low cloud and no German aircraft were seen by British aircrew, who flew low over the German lines, on artillery-observation sorties. In the evening, a large column of German troops was seen near Bazentin le Grand and machine-gunned from the air and the British advance to the southern fringe of Contalmaison was observed and reported. On 6 July, German positions near Mametz Wood and Quadrangle Support Trench were reconnoitred by a 3 Squadron crew, which reported that the defences of Mametz Wood were intact. On 6 July, a 9 Squadron observer saw infantry and transport near Guillemont and directed the fire of a heavy battery on the column, which inflicted many casualties; a German infantry unit entering Ginchy was machine-gunned and forced to disperse.

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7月4日は雨で雲が低く、ドイツ軍機はドイツの前線を低く飛行して砲撃観測任務に就く英国軍機の搭乗員からは見えなかった。夕刻、ドイツ軍部隊の大きな隊列がバーゼンティン・ル・グランの近くに見え、空中から機銃射撃を行い、それから英国軍がコンタルメゾンの南端に進んでいることが観測され、報告された。 7月6日、ドイツ軍はマーメッツ付近に陣取った。四角形の待機壕(*)が第3飛行中隊により観測され、マーメッツの森の防備は無傷だと報告された。 7月6日、第9飛行中隊の観測員がギルモント近くで歩兵部隊と輸送部隊を見つけ、その隊列上を砲撃するよう重砲兵隊に指示し、その結果多数の犠牲を与えた。ギンチーに入ったドイツの歩兵部隊は機銃射撃を受け散りじりになった。 (*)trench front trench:野戦壕(前線塹壕)のほか、pass trench:交通壕(安全にほかの壕へ移動する通路)、communication trench:通信壕(通信所、指令所)、support trench待機壕(休息 交代要員の待機 避難)などがある。

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