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General Horace Smith-Dorrien was sent from England to take command of the operations in East Africa but he contracted pneumonia during the voyage and was replaced by General Smuts. Reinforcements and local recruitment had increased the British force to 13,000 South Africans British and Rhodesians and 7,000 Indian and African troops, from a ration strength of 73,300 men which included the Carrier Corps of African civilians. Belgian troops and a larger but ineffective group of Portuguese military units based in Mozambique were also available. During the previous 1915, Lettow-Vorbeck had increased the German force to 13,800 men. The main attack was from the north from British East Africa, as troops from the Belgian Congo advanced from the west in two columns, over Lake Victoria on the British troop ships SS Rusinga and SS Usoga and into the Rift Valley. Another contingent advanced over Lake Nyasa (now Lake Malawi) from the south-east. Lettow-Vorbeck evaded the British, whose troops suffered greatly from disease along the march. The 9th South African Infantry began the operation in February with 1,135 men and by October it was reduced to 116 fit troops, mostly by disease. The Germans avoided battle and by September 1916, the German Central Railway from the coast at Dar es Salaam to Ujiji had been taken over by the British. As the German forces had been restricted to the southern part of German East Africa, Smuts began to replace South African, Rhodesian and Indian troops with the King's African Rifles and by 1917 more than half the British Army in East Africa was African. The King's African Rifles was enlarged and by November 1918 had 35,424 men. Smuts left in January 1917 to join the Imperial War Cabinet at London.

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以下のとおりお答えします。 湖上での英連合国軍とドイツ軍との戦いや、戦力状況について述べています。 >General Horace Smith-Dorrien was sent from England to take command of the operations in East Africa but he contracted pneumonia during the voyage and was replaced by General Smuts. Reinforcements and local recruitment had increased the British force to 13,000 South Africans British and Rhodesians and 7,000 Indian and African troops, from a ration strength of 73,300 men which included the Carrier Corps of African civilians. Belgian troops and a larger but ineffective group of Portuguese military units based in Mozambique were also available. During the previous 1915, Lettow-Vorbeck had increased the German force to 13,800 men. ⇒東アフリカで指揮を取るためにイギリスからホラス・スミス-ドリエン将軍が送り出されたが、旅の間に肺炎を患ったので、スマッツ将軍に交代した。強化要員と地域募集員により英国軍の軍隊数は、アフリカ民間人の輸送隊を含む73,300人の定数人員からさらに、南アフリカ英国軍・ローデシア軍13,000人およびインド・アフリカ軍7,000人が増加していた。ベルギー軍と、それより大きいけれども無力でモザンビークに基地を置くポルトガル軍部隊もまた利用可能であった。前年の1915年の間に、レトゥ・フォルベックはドイツ軍隊数を13,800人に増大させていた。 >The main attack was from the north from British East Africa, as troops from the Belgian Congo advanced from the west in two columns, over Lake Victoria on the British troop ships SS Rusinga and SS Usoga and into the Rift Valley. Another contingent advanced over Lake Nyasa (now Lake Malawi) from the south-east. Lettow-Vorbeck evaded the British, whose troops suffered greatly from disease along the march. The 9th South African Infantry began the operation in February with 1,135 men and by October it was reduced to 116 fit troops, mostly by disease. ⇒主要な攻撃は、ヴィクトリア湖上を西から進軍する2個縦隊のベルギー・コンゴ軍が北の英領東アフリカから、それと戦艦SS(=Steamship)ルシンガ号とSSユーソガ号上の英国軍が地溝谷から、それ(攻撃)は行われた。別の派遣団はニヤサ湖(今のマラウイ湖)上を南東から進軍した。レトゥ・フォルベック(ドイツ植民地保護隊指揮官)は英国軍を回避したけれども、その軍は行軍途上での疾病に大いに苦しんだ。第9南アフリカ歩兵隊は2月に1,135人の兵員で作戦を開始したが、たいていの兵が病気に見舞われて、10月までに体調のよい兵員は116名に減った。 >The Germans avoided battle and by September 1916, the German Central Railway from the coast at Dar es Salaam to Ujiji had been taken over by the British. As the German forces had been restricted to the southern part of German East Africa, Smuts began to replace South African, Rhodesian and Indian troops with the King's African Rifles and by 1917 more than half the British Army in East Africa was African. The King's African Rifles was enlarged and by November 1918 had 35,424 men. Smuts left in January 1917 to join the Imperial War Cabinet at London. ⇒ドイツ軍が戦いを避けたので、ダル・エス・サラームの沿岸からウジジへ通じるドイツ中心鉄道は1916年9月までに英国軍によって奪取された。ドイツ軍が、ドイツ領東アフリカの南部地域に局限されると、スマッツが南アフリカへ転進し始めた。ローデシア・インド軍は「王のアフリカライフル銃軍」と一緒であったし、東アフリカの英国方面軍の半数以上が1917年までにはアフリカ兵になった。その「王のアフリカライフル銃軍」が拡大されて、1918年11月までには35,424人となった。スマッツは、ロンドンで帝国戦争閣議に参加するため、1917年1月にそこを去った。

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