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Another issue for Kerensky, the Kornilov Affair, arose when Commander-in-Chief of the Army, General Lavr Kornilov, directed an army under Aleksandr Krymov to march toward Petrograd with Kerensky's agreement. Although the details remain sketchy, Kerensky appeared to become frightened by the possibility of a coup and the order was countermanded. (Historian Richard Pipes is adamant that the episode was engineered by Kerensky). On 27 August, feeling betrayed by the Kerensky government who had previously agreed with his views on how to restore order to Russia, Kornilov pushed on towards Petrograd. With few troops to spare on the front, Kerensky was forced to turn to the Petrograd Soviet for help. Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries confronted the army and convinced them to stand down. Right-wingers felt betrayed, and the left wing was resurgent. Pressure from the Allies to continue the war against Germany put the government under increasing strain. The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and, ultimately, the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government instigated by the February Revolution was replaced in the October Revolution.

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>Another issue for Kerensky, the Kornilov Affair, arose when Commander-in-Chief of the Army, General Lavr Kornilov, directed an army under Aleksandr Krymov to march toward Petrograd with Kerensky's agreement. Although the details remain sketchy, Kerensky appeared to become frightened by the possibility of a coup and the order was countermanded. (Historian Richard Pipes is adamant that the episode was engineered by Kerensky). ⇒軍の司令官ラヴル・コルニーロフ将軍がケレンスキーの合意のもとにペトログラードに向かって進軍するためにアレクサンドル・クリモフの下で軍を指揮したとき、ケレンスキーにとってもう一つの問題、「コルニーロフ事件」が起こった。詳細が大まかなままであるが、ケレンスキーはクーデターの可能性によって怯えかかったようで、それで進軍の命令を取り消してしまった。(歴史家リチャード・パイプスは、ケレンスキーによって出来事の筋書きが作り変えられた、と頑強に主張している)。 >On 27 August, feeling betrayed by the Kerensky government who had previously agreed with his views on how to restore order to Russia, Kornilov pushed on towards Petrograd. With few troops to spare on the front, Kerensky was forced to turn to the Petrograd Soviet for help. Bolsheviks, Mensheviks* and Socialist Revolutionaries confronted the army and convinced them to stand down. Right-wingers felt betrayed, and the left wing was resurgent. ⇒ロシアの治安を回復する方法に関してコルニーロフの意見に一旦同意したケレンスキー政権によって裏切られた彼コルニーロフは、8月27日に(結局)ペトログラードの方へ向かった。ケレンスキーとしては、前線に振り向ける余分の軍隊はほとんどなく、援助を求めてペトログラード・ソビエトの方に擦り寄らざるを得なくなった。ボルシェビキ、メンショビキ*党員、社会主義革命家らが、軍と対決して、彼らに身を引くことを説得した。右翼は裏切られたと感じ、そして、左翼が再復活した。 *Mensheviks「メンショビキ」:ロシア社会民主労働党の少数穏健派。 >Pressure from the Allies to continue the war against Germany put the government under increasing strain. The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and, ultimately, the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government instigated by the February Revolution was replaced in the October Revolution. ⇒ドイツとの戦いを続けるようにという連合国からの圧力が政府に対する重圧を増した。「両頭(的)政治」の対立(不均衡)が明らかになり、そして最終的には、ペトログラード・ソビエトと二月革命によって扇動された(そうして立ち上げられた)臨時政府との間で形成された体制と二重権力が、十月革命で置き代えられることになる。

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