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The Zaian War: A Conflict between France and Berber Tribes in Morocco

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  • The Zaian War, fought in Morocco between France and the Zaian confederation of Berber tribes from 1914 to 1921, resulted in the loss of towns Taza and Khénifra for the Zaians.
  • Despite French casualties, the French army established groupes mobiles, combined arms formations, and maintained control over most of their territory in Morocco.
  • The French governor, Lyautey, pursued a forward policy and successfully defended their influence in Morocco, even with limited resources and support from the Central Powers.

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  • Nakay702
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回答No.1

以下のとおりお答えします。 アフリカ北部での、フランス軍の植民地とその争奪について述べています。 >The Zaian War was fought between France and the Zaian confederation of Berber tribes in Morocco between 1914 and 1921. Morocco had become a French protectorate in 1912 and the French army extended French influence eastwards through the Middle Atlas mountains towards French Algeria. The Zaians, led by Mouha ou Hammou Zayani quickly lost the towns of Taza and Khénifra but managed to inflict many casualties on the French, who responded by establishing groupes mobiles, combined arms formations that mixed regular and irregular infantry, cavalry and artillery. By 1914 the French had 80,000 troops in Morocco. ⇒「ザイアン戦争」は、1914年から1921年までの間、フランスとモロッコのベルベル族ザイアン連合の間で闘われた。モロッコは、1912年にフランスの保護領になったが、(その地点から)フランス方面軍はフランスの影響力を東に拡張し、中央アトラス山脈を通ってフランス・アルジェリアまで至った。ザイアン人は、ムア・ウ・アム・ザヤニに導かれて、タザとヘニフラの町を迅速に失ったが、多くの死傷者数をフランス人軍に与えた。彼らフランス軍は、これに反応して機動戦闘団を設立し、正規・不正規の歩兵隊・騎兵隊および砲兵隊を混合した結合戦闘軍を編成した。1914年までに、フランス軍はモロッコに80,000人の軍を持つことになった。 >Two thirds of the French troops were withdrawn from 1914–1915 for service in France and more than 600 French soldiers were killed at the Battle of El Herri on 13 November 1914. Lyautey the French governor, reorganised his forces and pursued a forward policy rather than passive defence. The French retained most of their territory despite intelligence and financial support provided by the Central Powers to the Zaian Confederation and raids which caused losses to the French when already short of manpower. ⇒1914年-1915年、このフランス軍のうちの3分の2がフランス(本国)での兵役のために引き戻されたが、1914年11月13日エル・エルリの戦いで600人を超えるフランス兵士が殺害された。フランス総督のリョーテは、自軍の軍隊を再編成し、受動的な防御よりも敵陣近く進軍する政策を追跡した。(ドイツなどの)同盟軍が、知能や財政援助をザイアン連合に提供したり、フランス軍に急襲をかけたりして損失をもたらしたので、彼らフランス軍はすでに人的資源の不足を来たしていた時にもかかわらず、その領土のほとんどを保有し続けた。

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