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お願いします (6) Cleopatra went to the palace school with theother royal princes and princesses. She became fluent in nine languages and was the first member of her family who could speak Egyptian. Cleopatra had tremendous appeal. Even the Greek biographer Plutarch, who disapproved of her behavior, describes her in glowing terms: “The charm of her presence was irresistible, but there was an attraction in her person and conversation, together with a force of character, which showed in her every word and action. Everyone who met her fell under her spell.” (7) When Ptolemy died in 51 BCE, he left his kingdom to the 18-year-old Cleopatra. Even though she was old enough to rule, according to Egyptian law, she couldn't rule alone. Ptolemy's will set up joint rule by Cleopatra and her 12-year-old brother, Ptolemy X III. (8) According to Egyptian tradition, pharaohs married their siblings or children to keep sower within the royal family. Cleopatra had to marry a brother or a son, and this consort would be her official husband. It would be a marriage of politics, not love. Cleopatra had no sons when she came to the throne, so her first co-ruler was Ptolemy XIII. (9) Cleopatra and Ptolemy ruled together for several years, but Cleopatra wasn't very good at sharing. She left her brother's name out of official documents─on purpose─and had her own picture and name stamped on Egyptian coins. This didn't go over very well with Ptolemy. Nor did it please the court officials of Alexandria, the capital city. (10) Alexandria's officials decided that Ptolemy would be easier to control than Cleopatra. so they plotted to overthrow the strong-willed queen. Knowing that her life was in danger, Cleopatra escaped to Syria, where she raised an army to help her regain power.

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(6) クレオパトラは、他の王子や王女と共に宮殿の学校に通いました。彼女は、9つの言語に堪能になって、一族の中でエジプト語を話すことができる最初の人となりました。クレオパトラには、大変な魅力がありました。彼女の振る舞いをよくないと言うギリシアの伝記作者プルタークでさえ、熱烈な言葉で彼女について記述しています:「彼女の存在の魅力は圧倒的でした、しかし、彼女の性格の強さと相まって、彼女の人物と会話に人を引きつける力があったのです、彼女の性格の強さは、彼女の言葉や行動の全てに示されました。彼女に会う人は誰もが、彼女の魅力のとりこになりました。」 (7) プトレマイオスが、紀元前51年に崩御したとき、彼は、18才のクレオパトラに彼の王国を任せました。たとえ支配するのに十分な年齢であったとしても、エジプトの法律に従って、彼女は、単独で支配することができませんでした。プトレマイオスの遺言は、クレオパトラと彼女の12才の弟のプトレマイオス13世による共同統治を定めていました。 (8) エジプトの伝統に従って、 ファラオは、王族内の血筋を保つために、彼らの兄弟または子供たちと結婚しました。クレオパトラは、兄弟または息子と結婚しなければなりませんでした、そして、この配偶者が、彼女の公式の夫となるのでした。それは、愛による結婚ではなく、政略結婚でした。彼女が、王に即位した時、クレオパトラには息子がいなかったので、彼女の最初の共同統治者はプトレマイオス13世でした。 (9) クレオパトラとプトレマイオスは、数年間一緒に統治しました、しかし、クレオパトラは、分担するのがあまり得意ではありませんでした。 彼女は、わざと ― 彼女の弟の名前を公文書から省いて、彼女自身の絵と名前をエジプトのコインに押させました。これは、プトレマイオスには、不満でした。そして、それは首都アレキサンドリアの宮廷の役人たちも喜ばせませんでした。 (10) プトレマイオスが、クレオパトラより扱いやすいと、アレキサンドリアの役人たちは判断しました、それで、彼らは意志が強い女王を倒すことをたくらみました。彼女の命が危険な状態にあるということを知って、 クレオパトラは、シリアに逃げました、そこで、彼女は、彼女が権力を取り戻す助けとなる軍を招集しました。

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