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日本語訳を!!c6-1

お願いします!! What do you think is the world's most important invention? The wheel? The light bulb? If you asked most historians,they wouldn't hesitate:reading and writing,all the way.Just as pottery allowed ancient people to store food and goods in a place safe from water or insects,writing let people store knowledge.For the first time,the things people knew could be kept safe for their children,and not lost through their poor memories,sicknesses,or deaths.What's more,writing meant people could pass on information to others in different places or times.As long as people can read,they can know.The ability to read and write was-and is-power. Like a child who draws pictures before he or she writes words,ancient people first used symbols instead of letters.The first evidence for writing comes from pottery shards.Many ancient pots have marks on them that potters probably made before the clay was baked hard.That way each potter could tell which pots were hers,even when she shared a kiln with her neighbors.That's probably the first kind of writing you learned,too-your name,so you could mark every paper and drawing you made as yours.People started using these simple markings as early as 4500 BCE in the Indus Valley and continued using them long after the invention of writing. Potter's marks are scratched into the clay before firing,but many finished pieces of pottery have symbols that were scratched into them after they were fired,probably by their new owners.No one knows for sure what these symbols stand for.Archaeologists think that they might have been labdls that identified the contents of the pot,the name of the owner,or perhaps the name of tne person to whom it was being sent. If,for example,a wealthy man sent a pot of honey to a temple as an offering,he might have wanted to identify either himself or the temple where he was sending the gift.

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あなたは世界で最も重要な発明は何だと思いますか?車?電球?あなたはほとんどの歴史家を尋ねたら、彼らは躊躇しません:読み取りと、陶器、古代人は、初めての書き込み、水や昆虫から安全な場所に食品や物品を格納するために認められているすべての書く方法、人々は知っていたものは彼らの子供のための安全な保管、さらに、書くことを意味し、人々がさまざまな場所や人が読み取ることができる限り、他人に情報を渡すことができ、その悪い思い出、病気が、または死を通じて失われていないことができます、彼らはされたとある電力を読み書きする能力を知ることができます。 終わる前に絵を描くか、彼女は言葉は、最初の粘土は、ハードベーキングされる前の陶工は、おそらく作ったそれらにマークしている書き込み用文字。最初の証拠の代わりにシンボルを用い陶器。多くの古代の鉢から来る古代の人々を書き込む子供のように。そのそれぞれの陶工は、彼女のは、おそらくあなたも、あなたの名前、学習書き込みの最初の種類は、ので、すべての紙をマークし、あなたが人として行わ描画ができると窯を共有していた場合でも、鍋が彼女だったかを伝えることができる方法インダスバレーの4500 BCEには早くもこれらの単純なマーキングを使用して開始し、執筆の発明後、彼らは長い間使用し続けた。 ポッターのマークは、焼成前に粘土の中に傷がなく、陶器の多くは完成した作品は、彼らが解雇された後、ずれかがこれらのシンボルは考古学に立つものを確実に知ることによって、それらに傷されたシンボルを持っていることを彼らは思われる方ポット、所有者の名前、あるいはそれが送られていた誰にTNE人の名前の内容を識別してきました。例えば、裕福な人がささげ物として神殿に蜂蜜のポットを送信した場合、彼は彼自身または彼は贈り物を送った寺のいずれかを識別したいと思っていたかもしれません。

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