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 The sports people play in America and Japan tend to be quite similar. However, the way these sports are played in each society shows diffrences that reflect both cultures.  Though professional baseball teams in America and Japan play by the some rules, many aspects of the game are approached differently. A difference can be seen just by looking at the players and the game. Japanese players usually have a neat hairstyle without a beard or moustache, while American players wear their hair in various ways. Japanese players tend to practice much more than American players. December is the only month when Japanese players don't practice, while American players have three or four months of holidays during the off-season. Moreover, on game days. Japanese players spend most of the day (practice).  These approaches to baseball, the practice time is seen as a way to persevere and show effort. It not only improves performance, but builds group harmony. However, American players don't care about harmony or perseverance. Instead, the most important thing is better to save their energy, which will (win/them/give/chance/to/a better). As long asthe team wins, harmony and perseverance don't matter.  Another difference in baseball involves the relationship between the manager and the players. In japan, the manager has complete control over the players and (to/them/do/what/tells) in many situations. In America, the players are freer to play the game as they like, and even when they are told what to do by their manager, they sometimes disagree and do something different. If the player's decision is correct and it helps the team win, the player is usually (5). ( )の中は並び替えと適切な形にしてください。 (5)は(fired/punished/forgiven/ignored)の中から選んでください!! お願いします!!  


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アメリカと日本のプロ野球チームは、いくつかのルールに従ってプレーしているけれども、試合の多くの面は違った取り組み方がされています。 違いは、少し選手と試合を見ることによって、わかります。 日本の選手は、たいてい、髪形がきちんとしていて顎髭や口ひげは生やしていません、他方、アメリカの選手の髪型は様々です。 日本の選手は、アメリカの選手より練習をずっと多くする傾向があります。 12月だけが日本の選手が練習をしない月ですが、他方、アメリカの選手は、シーズンオフには3~4か月の休みを取ります。 さらに、シーズン中は、日本の選手は、一日の大部分を練習してすごします。 野球へのこれらの取り組み方で、練習時間は、耐えて、努力を示す方法とみなされます。 それは能力を向上させるだけでなく、チームの調和も作り上げます。 しかし、アメリカの選手は、調和や忍耐を気にしません。 その代わりに、最も重要なことは、よりよく、自分たちのエネルギーを節約することです、そうすれば、勝つ可能性が高まるでしょう。 チームが勝つ限り、調和と忍耐は重要でありません。 野球のもう一つの違いには、監督と選手の関係が含まれます。 日本では、監督は選手を完全に支配して、多くの状況で何をするべきか彼らに命じます。 アメリカでは、彼らが好きなように、選手が試合をする自由度が高いです、そして、監督によって何をするべきか命じられる時でさえ、彼らは時々従わずに、違った事をします。 選手の決定が正しく、それがチームの勝利に貢献するならば、選手はたいていお咎めなしです。   ☆ practice→practicing ☆ give them a better chance to win ☆ tells them what to do ☆ forgiven





  • 英文の日本語訳をお願いします。

    英文の日本語訳をお願いします。 The sports people play in America and Japan tend to be quite similar.However,the way these sports are played in each society shows differences that reflect both cultures. Though professional baseball teams in America and Japan play by the same rules,many aspects of the game are approached differently.A difference can be seen just by looking at the players and the game.Japanese players usually have a neat hairstyle without a beard or moustache,while American players wear their hair in various ways.Japanese players tend to practice much more than American players.December is the only month when Japanese players don't practice,while American players have three or four months of holidays during the off-season.Moreover,on game days,Japanese players spend most of the day to practice,while American players usually arrive one or two hours before the start of the game. These approaches to baseball show important cultural differences.In Japanese baseball,the practice time is seen as a way to persevere and show effort.It not only improves performance,but builds group harmony.However,American players don't care about harmony or perseverance.Instead,the most important thing is winning,Players have only light practice on game days because they think it is better to save their energy,which will give them a better chance to win.As long as the team wins,harmony and perseverance don't matter. Another difference in baseball involvs the relationship between the manager and the players.In Japan,the manager has complete contrl over the players and tellls them what to do in many situations.In America,the players are freer to play the game as tey like,and even when they are told what to do by their manager,they sometimes disagree and do something different.If the player's decision is correvt an it helps the team win,the player is usually free to play in his way. 長くてすみません(汗 お願いします

  • 和訳お願いします

    Differences in cultural values, logic, and thought patterns are often reflected in the very different ways Americans and Japanese organize and present information, ideas, and opinions.These differences lie at the root of many communication problems and exert a powerful influence on the process of of persuation negotiation and conflict resolution. The rules of logic established by the Greeks and Romans are widely accepted in Western cultures, but this Western logic is by no means universal.Logic is a product of culture, and many Asian cultures such as the Japanese operate under different logical assumptions. When Americans get confused and frustrated listening toJapanese, they often complainthat the Japanese "just are't logical" and seem incapable or unwilling to use traditional Western logic. This impression is largely due to cultural differences in reasorning and thought patterns. From an early age, Americans are thought to be orderly in outlining their facts and in summarizing their main points according to framework that reflects Western logical structures.The logical way of presenting ideas in the West could be called linear or "straight-line"logic, which emphasizes direct and explicit communication.The most important aspects of straight-line logic are organizing your presentation in outline form and "getting straight to the point."In general, more low-context mainstream American patterns of thought and presentation are analogous to lines because all parts of the message must be explicity connected clearly and directly. But the Japanese do not learn to order their facts or present information and ideas in the same way.They consider the practice of ordering facts for others comparable to tying a child's shoelaces for him after the child has already learned the skill.American linear, one-step-at-a-time arguments and logic can seem immature to the Japanese, and Western logic is often perceived as instrusive - an attempt to get inside the heads of other people and try to do their thinking for them. But if Americans think in a linear way, then how do Japanese think?A natural response would be that since the circle is the opposite of line, then the Japanese probably think in circles.It is said that the more high-context Japanese prefer to use the logic patterns that emphasize talking "around " the subject rather than on it.The Japanese start at the edges with a wealth of background information and explanations and the n gradually "circle in" on the thesis and main points. However, in some respects, Jappanese patterns of thought and presentation are not like lines at all, but like a series of "dots." Parts of the message are contained in the individual dots, it is up to the audience to link the dots in their heads.In low-context cultures the meaning of communication is stated to the audience directly and all the steps and links are clearly put forth by the speaker verbally.But in high-context cultures the meaning of communication is elicited by the audience indirectly and intuitively - all the steps and links do not have to be clearly put forth verbally.

  • 和訳

     和訳例をお願い致します。  According to the WHO, they can expect to live longer, on average, than any other group of people on earth. This long (A) expectancy has often been attributed to the Japanese diet and eating habits. However, the Japanese diet and eating habits have been changing and effects of these changes are causing alarm.  Traditionally, the Japanese cuisine is widely regarded as one of the healthiest in the world. Quite often, Japanese food is served raw of cooked lightly. These days, however, the traditional Japanese diet has been giving way to a more varied cuisine. Non-traditional Japanese food, such as pasta and hamburgers, is becoming as common for the average Japanese person as soba and sushi. In addition to  greater variety, Japanese people today are eating more fatty foods. The Japanese also have begun to change their diet away from fresh and raw food towards highly processed meals. It is not uncommon for Japanese children to eat hamburgers, deep-fried chicken and pizza. The popularity of such foods is evident in the increasing number of fast food restaurants that have opened in Japan, many of  which are attracting not only teenagers also families.  The changing eating habits are also cause for concern. In the past, a number of the family used to spend considerable time shopping for fresh ingredients and preparing daily meals for the family. Today, more people live alone in comparison to previous decades. The practice of shopping for food and preparing fresh meals, which was formerly performed by one person in a household, often proves to be too difficult a daily task for the individual person. Many of today's busy working couples do not have enough time to prepare decent meals for themselves or their children. (B), ready-made meals and fast food restaurants are becoming more common.  The changes in the Japanese diet and eating habits have begun to affect the health of the people. Indeed, the Japanese are getting fatter; statistics currently show that there are 24 percent of Japanese over 15 years of age who are believed to be overweight. leading experts beleve that the life expectancy in Japan is going to become shorter on account of this shift in diet and eating habits. 【設問】 (A)に入る最も適切な語 (B)1As a consequence 2In addition 3In the same way 4On the other hand 以上です。

  • 和訳お願いします

    The top amateur baseball event is the All Japan High School Baseball Championship held each summer at Koshien Stadium. Regional playoff winners from Hokkaido to Okinawa battle it out for the national pennant as Japanese nostalgically root for teams from their home prefectures. Koshien broadcasts always score very high ratings. In spring, Koshien Stadium hosts the National Invitational High School Baseball Championship. At the end of each game in the tournament the winning team's school song is played, and the school flag is raised. The losing team collects dirt from the playing ground and scatters it on their home field as an inspiration to work harder. よろしくお願いしますm(_ _)m

  • 和訳をお願いします

    長くてすみません 和訳をおねがいします in summer of 2005, a seventy-one-years-old Japanese man named Minoru Saito stunned the sailing world when he became the oldest man to sail all the way around the planet solo,without stopping at a single port. While these people are at the extremes of fitness, keeping active and strong is part of the Japanese lifestyle,and the Japanese love recreational sports. Popular sports around the country includ golf,soccer, baseball, tennis,snowbounding and skiing,as well as martial arts like karate,judo,and kendo. The fitness ethos is part of the workplace,too:many Japanese factories and companies encourage their days with exercise,such as a twenty-minute rooftop workout.

  • 英語 長文の和訳をお願いいたします。

    how we got here perry's display of american technology and weaponry was succesful in opening japan, and during the first three decades of the meiji period the U.S. served as a model for japanese modernization, but it was never an equal relationship. americans were the teachers and were more than happy in their role, teaching the japanese everything from english to baseball to military strategy. they believed that God had given them the best country and the best civiliza-tion in the word, and that their duty was to spread their culture to others.

  • 和訳をお願いいたしますm(_ _)m

    和訳をよろしくお願いします! On November 15 a festival is held for children seven (siti)five(go) and three(san) years old, and so the festival is called shichi-go-san. The reason why we have a celebration for these years is because odd numbers are believed to be lucky since they cannot be divided by two. In addition, we are told that since the ages of 7, 5 and 3 years are important growth steps for children, it is, therefore, significant to honor the children of these ages. In many parts of Japan, a child is received as a member of a shrine parts when he or she is seven. Though the are variations according to locality, in general, boys who are three and five and girls who are three and seven are dressed in their best clothes, and are taken by their parents to large and prestigious shrines, and very often A to the shrines of their local deities. It is customary after the visit to buy chitose-ame(thousand-year candy), sold at the stalls on the grounds of the shrine. よろしくお願いしますm(_ _)m

  • 和訳お願いいたします。

    以下の文の和訳をお願いいたします。↓ ・What are the main things that Japanese companies look for in an employee? ・Many people have to work very long hours, and many of those are unpaid. ・Japanese companies often make their workers from taking long holidays together. ・Japanese, it seems, strongly discourage their workers from taking long holidays. ・Some Japanese companies expect woman to leave and get married when they reach about 25, so even highly qualified women don't get such good jobs. ・Should workers have to socialize with their bosses? ・Should workers try to keep their personal life separate from their work? ・What things make for good boss? 以上です。よろしくお願いします。

  • 少々長文で恐縮ですがどなたか和訳を教えて下さい。

    A man must be a sportsman on and off the court to stay in the game. Tennis needs no paid umpires to keep order and conform the rules. The players are always willing to trust their opponents to give them fairest decision on all points. “The sportsmanship of tennis is so high that it carries with it a great value as a character builder. A man who is held up to the best and finest of his nature while on the court go off it and be a mucker. The game lifts the man to its level, or, if the man does not meet that level of sportsmanship, he drops out of the game. The keynote of tennis sportsmanship is generosity to your opponent.

  • 和訳です。

    英文の和訳をお願いします。 途中、並び替えがあります。 スペルには気をつけましたが、ミスがあったら指摘していただいて結構です。お願いします。  It is often said that the Japanese are shy or mysterious and that it is impossible to guess what they are thinking. In many cases, however, they may simply be trying to behave politely according to their own custums. Japanese people do have their own opinions, but they tend to wait their turn to speak out. If they completely disagree with somebody, they will usually listen with an air of acceptance at first, then disagree in a rather vague and roundabout way. This is considered the polite way to do things in Japan. On the other hand, because Western people consider directness and the honest expression of one's opinions more important, they tend to express their ideas more crearly. Even though quarrels sometimes take place, they do not usually affect people's relationships, except in extreme cases. In Japan, however, if you go against someone and create a bad atmosphere, your relations may break off completely. People tend to react emotionally, and most (afraid,are,being,excluded,from,of,the group).  Silence can be also be concidered a kind of ambiguity. Between the Japanese and Westerners, there is a different understanding of silence. For the Japanese, silence indicates deep thinking or consideration, but too much silence often makes non-Japanese uncomfortable. Whereas the Japanese consider silence as rather good and people generally feel sympathetic toward it, non-Japanese sometimes feel that it is an indication of indifference. Too many words, however, are a kind of pressure for many Japanese and make them nervous and ill-at-ease.  Aimai can result in misunderstandings, and people from other countries sometimes become irritated because the Japanese seem unable to answer “yes” or “no” directly. For example, if asked, “Which will you have, tea or coffee?” a Japanese person will often reply, “Either is OK.” This is a reserved and polite answer, but it often causes the host or hostess trouble. In fact, the word that Japanese most often have difficulty in using is“no” and their use of vague denials may lead to a great deal of friction and misunderstanding. To solve this problem, the Japanese need to become aware of their sense of ambiguity because many of them simply do not realize that it causes problems. With this awareness, they can try to express their opinions more clearly. On the other hand, non-Japanese should try to understand the Japanese mentality and the importance of the role that ambiguity plays in Japanese life. 以上になります。 あまり難しくないように思えましたが、長い文になると、意外と見落としている語があったり、訳していて、おそらく訳す順が変で、しっくり来ない部分があり、少し自信が無かったです。