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英語の問題で…

「次の文の空所に入れるのに最も適当な語句を、a~dのうちから1つ選びなさい。」 ・If ( ) for your aid, I would not have succeeded in my business. という問題で、選択肢が、 a. there were not b. it had not been c. I were not d. I had not been ってあるんです。 答えは、b. it had not been になるんですけど、何で答えがこれになるのかわかりません。 hadって何で出てきたんですか…? 全くわかりません(>_<) 解説付きでの回答、宜しくお願いします。

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  • 回答No.1

今のことについて 「もし~ならば,~だろうに」 If S 過去形, S would/could 原形. 仮定法過去と言います。 過去のことについて 「もし,あの時~だったら,~していただろうに」 If S had 過去分詞, S would/could have 過去分詞. 仮定法過去完了です。 そして, If it were not for ~「もし今~がなければ」 If it had not been for ~「もしあの時,~がなかったならば」 という決まった表現があります。 今回は,「もしあなたの助けがなかったならば,私は仕事で成功しなかったであろう」 ということで,ぴったり合うのです。

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分かりやすい回答ありがとうございます^^ とても参考になりました☆ 回答ありがとうございました(ノc_^●)

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