• ベストアンサー
  • 困ってます


訳お願いします This prospect horrifies some and exhilarates others. Yet the question of whether or not we should make improvements to human beings and possibly to human nature is the most vital, urgent and portentous of all the questions facing us. Now is the time to try to answer this question, because many recent discoveries are beginning to make the prospect of radical human enhancement a reality. Stem cell research, which may lead to human tissue repairing itself; new genes resistant to cancer and HIV; new drugs that improve concentration and memory or enable us to function for much longer periods without sleep; braincomputer interfaces that may harness the power and memory of computers, perhaps by the insertion of tiny “nanobots” into the human brain; and techniques that will radically extend life expectancy from tens to hundreds of years---these are all on today's scientific agenda and some are already in use. Some of these possibilities are so radical that the creatures benefiting from them would no longer be “human”, in the way we think of it. The end of humanity then is not in itself a concern; making sure that those who replace us are better than we are is a huge and timely concern. One of the most dramatic and important of the new technologies that will produce new creatures is synthetic biology. When people talk about synthetic biology and syntheic life, they may have in mind Frankenstein scientists in the lab, or perhaps some bubbling vat of biochemical “primeval soup” out of which will arise either a monster or a perfect specimen of humanity. よろしくお願いします。


  • 英語
  • 回答数1
  • 閲覧数516
  • ありがとう数1


  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.1
  • sayshe
  • ベストアンサー率77% (4555/5904)

この見通しにぞっとした人もいれば、ウキウキした人もいます。 しかし、我々が人間に、そして、もしかして人間性に改良をもたらすべきかどうかと言う問題が、我々が向き合っているすべての問題で最も不可欠で、緊急で、きわめて重要です。 今こそこの問題に答えようとすべき時です、と言うのは、多くの最近の発見が極端な人間の強化の見込みを現実とし始めているからです。自己修復するヒト組織につながるかもしれない幹細胞研究;ガンとHIVに抵抗する新しい遺伝子;集中力や記憶を改善したり、我々が睡眠なしでずっと長い時間働くことができる新薬;おそらく小さい「ナノロボット」の人間の脳への挿入によるコンピュータの力と記憶を利用するかもしれない脳型コンピュータ・インターフェース;そして、数十年から数百年までも寿命を極端に延ばす技術 - これらのすべては今日の科学的な課題になっていますし、いくつかはすでに利用されています。 これらの可能性の一部はあまりにも極端なので、それらから利益を得る生物は、もはや我々が人間について考える様な「人間」ではなくなるかもしれません。それで、人類の終わりは、本来懸念でありません;我々に取ってかわるものたちが、我々よりよいことを確認することが、とても大きい時宜を得た懸念なのです。 新しい生物を生み出す新技術で最も劇的で重要なものの1つは、合成生物学です。人々が合成生物学や合成生命について話すとき、彼らは、研究室のフランケンシュタイン科学者、あるいは、多分、怪物か人類の完全な標本が生じる生化学的「原始のスープ」の泡立っているバットを考えるかもしれません。



  • 和訳お願いします。

    Synthetic biology is in fact the name now used for a cluster of new technologies in which, as John McCarthy, the computer scientist, says, biomolecular components (natural or synthetic) are newly combined or reorganised to create novel genetic and biochemical circuitry, pathways, and ultimately organisms. It is, in a sense, a hybrid discipline between science and engineering. Synthetic biology has caugh the imagination not least because it makes the beginnings of potentially manufacturing life forms from scratch and eventually of creating tailor-made creatures in our own image-or in principle in the image of anything we can engineer. This is heady stuff, and if it works may give us un precedented powers. If we can try to understand how to make better creatures than ourselves, longer-lived, more resistant to disease and injury, healthier and better adapted to a changing environment, we should surely do so. よろしくお願いします。

  • 和訳お願いします。

    Enhancement technologies give those who can use them an edge and have often been criticised for the injustice that this supposedly creates. But we have always enhanced ourselves and our environment in ways that are not immediately available to all: education and medicine are obvious examples, but synthetic sunshine is perhaps closest to synthetic biology. Before fires, candles, lamps and other forms of man-made light, most people went to sleep when it got dark. Candles enabled social life and work to continue into and through the night and conferred all sorts of advantages on those who couldn't or didn't. Contemporary and future biological enhancements may create problems of injustice both in that they provide a means for some to gain an advantage (those who read by candlelight gain a way that others do not), and because they may create unfair pressures as a result of the capabilities conferred by enhancement (like the pressure to stay up late and read or work because one can). The solution is establishing “fair” working hours and provision, at public expence if necessary, of sources of light-not banning candles. The solution is a combination of regulation and distributive justice, not a Luddite rejection of technology. よろしくお願いします。

  • 和訳お願いします!

    次の二文の和訳お願い致します! The American is not expected to bow without question to the wishes of authority, whether it is found in family,traditions, or some organization. This is now happening in China---where disappering forests and eroding croplands are converging to create a dust bowl of historic dimensions.

  • 和訳してください。

    The term spike refers to the shape of the peaks that are seen on the oscillograph records when the membrane potential is measured by a fine electrode placed in the vicinity, or in the interior of the neuron. (The more interpretable records of the membrane potential are obtained by means of one electrode inside the cell and one outside, which may be placed at some distance and is then called “indifferent electrode”.) この文章の和訳お願いします。

  • 和訳をお願いします!

    英語のサンタの本?エッセイ?の一部なんですが、英語が全くわからないので 和訳していただけないでしょうか? Some little children doubt that Santa still lives because often their letters, for one reason or another, never seem to reach him. Nurses in hospitals know who some of these children are. Teachers in great city schools know others. Dear children of yesterday, won’t you try to seek out these trusting children of today and make sure that their letters in some way may reach Santa Claus so that “he will continue to make glad that heart of childhood”? That, I believe, is the best way of proving there is a Santa Claus, for ourselves and for the children. What will you tell your children about Santa Claus someday?

  • 和訳してください。

    和訳してください。 Different cultures have different ways of choosing what to name a baby. In some cultures parents name their babies for qualities they want them to have;for example,some American girls have names like Joy and Grace,and some Mexican girls are named Esperanza,or "hope". In many cultures, babies are named after relatives,dead or alive,or famous people. In some cultures,who names the baby is a serious matter. That privilege is often reserved for the mother, father,or an uncle. In parts of Africa, the baby helps decide;someone reads a list of names,and when the baby sneezes, it gets the last name that was read. Some Malaysian parents follow the same practice but instead of waiting for the baby to sneeze,they wait for it to smile.

  • 和訳教えてください

    Certainly it is not only in fields of physical science that there is room and need for progress. In social fields there is, if anything, even more room and need, not only for progress in the known branches of knowledge, but also for new sciences. This need could hardly be exaggerated. The very progress of physical science, which resulted the construction of atomic bombs, has placed before us the following social problem. We must either find a way to adjust international relations peacefully, or we may destroy civilization and possibly the human race along with it. On the other hand, it is equally clear that if world wars can be prevented, and all the new possibities are used for peaceful progress, a new age may well dawn. But in order to take advantage of such possibities, we must solve our social problems. 長い文章ですが和訳を教えてください。 よろしくお願いします!

  • 和訳をお願いしたいです

    以下の英文を和訳していただける方に。 お願いできますでしょうか。 ミス等ありましたらご指摘いただけるとありがたいです。 どうぞよろしくお願いいたします。 The path you will take with regards this future relationship will go against tradition and so may in some way be a lonely path. Your future partner will be virtuous and handsome but his looks will be clouded and he will make no great show of them, due to some blemish or other defect that he is conscious of even if others are not. He has perhaps never liked himself or how he looks. In the "live in" relationship with your soulmate, you are likely to move together to live in a larger home. That is untraditional, or different from the traditions of your background, and in a lonely place. The house will be grand and noble in its own way, with large windows, but may far away from your past environment. The moon in square with Jupiter, will cause an illness, or a peculiar trouble nearly every seventh year of your married life. This is an old pattern, it is not exact but it will be close to being correct and it will sometimes make you look to the past, to older lingering loves and regrets. There is also some danger you could overreach things then, making decisions that go against your own better feelings and instincts.

  • 和訳していただけませんか?

    下の文を和訳していただけませんか? Altrhough tecnological changes seldom reverse, it is not necessarily true formegatrends that are triggered by social changes. When major changes in society occur that force people to think and act differently, they may be permanent, or they may late only a generation or two. The aging society is one example. Today, the population 65 and above is increasing in postindustrial countries worldwide, forcing governments, businesses, and families to change in order to care for the large number of senior citizens.

  • 和訳お願いします!!!

    (1) The nature of children's rights is unique in that children are socially powerless to voice their views, and that their realisation is subject to an understanding of children's rights by parents, teachers and the public in general. (2) What may be considered as ”violence" in the public arena is often committed at school under the labels "cane of affection" and educational consideration. (3) some schools maintain strict rules in the name of anti-deliquency measures and improving students' academic performance, without questioning whether this might contradict the underlying assumption of respect for children's rights.