• ベストアンサー
  • 困ってます

和訳 お願いします><

Other people may make more dramatic changes in their lives-perhaps moving to start a new life in a different country, or a different town, and taking up an entirely new occupation. Making such dramatic changes sometiimes doesn't work very well, but often people report increased feelings of well-being and confidence, and more positive life experiences. As we have seen, we continue to grow and develop throughout our lives, and the mid-life crisis can be seen as away of taking control of that growth and channelling it into new directions. Insight Some researchers see the mid-life cresis as a myth, arguing that people can engage in life changes at any time in their lives. That is true, but if we look at people who have re-evaluated their lives and make dramatic changes as a result, there is a majority in their 40s and 50s. Retirement Another major transition, of course, is retirement. In earlier times, the period of retirement used to be a brief interlude before old age and death. But in modern living, it has become quite defferent. Changes in diet, lifestyle and general health mean that most people continue to live an active, productive life for a long period after they finish formal working-as long as 30 years, or if they have taken early retirement, even 40. This period is very nearly as long as many people's working life, so the idea of retirement as a'restful interlude' isn't really very practical. Instead, life span psychologists nowadays see retirement as a way of developing in new and different ways, that weren't possible under the constraints of working life.



  • 回答数1
  • 閲覧数105
  • ありがとう数1


  • ベストアンサー
  • 回答No.1
  • sayshe
  • ベストアンサー率77% (4555/5904)

他の人々は彼らの人生でより劇的な変化を行うかもしれません-おそらく異なる国または異なる町での新生活を始めるために引っ越したり、まったく新しい仕事を始めたりします。 そのような劇的な変化を行うことが、あまりうまく行かない時もあります、しかし、しばしば、人々は幸福と自信の感情が増加したとかより前向きな人生経験をしたとか報告します。 ここまで見てきたように、我々は成長して、一生を通じて育ち続けます、そして、その成長のコントロールすることを離れ、それを新しい方向に向けることとして、中年の危機を見ることができます。 洞察 一部の研究者は中年の危機を神話とみなします。そして、人々がいつでも彼らの人生の変化に係わる可能性があると主張します。 それは真実です、しかし、我々が彼らの人生を再評価し、その結果劇的な変更をした人々を見ると、その大多数が40代と50代にいます。 引退 もう一つの大きな移り変わりは、もちろん、引退です。 昔は、引退の期間は、老年と死の前の短い合間であったものです。 しかし、現代の生活においては、それは全く異なるようになりました。 食生活、ライフスタイル、公衆衛生の変化は、人々が正規の仕事を終えたあと、大部分の人々が長い期間の間、活発で生産的な人生を送り続けることを意味します- そしてその期間は、30年間、あるいは、彼らが早期退職をしたならば、40年間にさえ及びます。 この期間は、多くの人々の勤労期間とほとんど同じほどの長さがあるので、『落ち着いた合間』としての引退についての考え方は本当はあまり実際的ではありません。 その代わりに、寿命心理学者は、最近では、引退を、勤労期間の制約の下では可能でなかった、新しくて異なる方向に発展する方法なのだとみなしています。



ご回答ありがとうございます^^ また夜に質問させていただきます><!!


  • 和訳困っています><

    SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY In 1975, Dowd proposed a different way of explaining this question. Dowd proposed that retirement is actually a sort of social contract that the person makes with society.They obtain increased leisure time, and an 'honourable discharge' from the idea that all responsible members of society ought to work as hard as possible - the Protestant Work Ethic-and in return, they give up their involvement in how society's affairs are run. This social exchange is seen, according to Dowd, as a fair trade, both by society and by old people. More recently, however, people are showing sings of being less prepared to accept this type of social contract. After all, we live much longer now than we did when retirement was first introdused, and we keep our health for longer, too; so it is much more practical for people to continue to take an active part in society. Among business and professional people, it is not at all uncommon for retirement to signal the beginning of a second career, and a much more independent one that allows them to use their experience, such as working as a consultant. In other groups of society, too, people are beginning to see retirement as an opportunity to do new things. Organizations like the University of the Third Age encourage retired people to develop new hobbies and pursue new interests, and are becoming more popular and successful all the time. Many psychologists now take the view that successful retirement is all about making sure that you acquire new social roles, to replace the ones that you have lost through work, and activities of this sort are exactly the way that people do that. Insight Having responsibilities and being needed seem to be the core of successful retirement. That can take many forms: some people feel needed by their gardens, and devote much of their time to taking care of them; while others take on more social responsibilities.

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    Pericles' Funeral Oration 431 BC: "...In the fighting, they thought it more honourable to stand their ground and suffer death than to give in and save their lives. So they fled from the reproaches of men, abiding with life and limb the brunt of battle, and in a small moment of time, the climax of their lives, a culmination of glory, not of fear, were swept away from us." 後半が分かりません。 よろしくお願い致します。

  • 和訳 お願いします><!

    The mid-life crisis One of the more popular ideas in recent years is that of the mid-life crisis. In many societies, adults simply work from the time that they are grown (or in some cases before) until they become too old. But in modern Western societies, it is no longer the case that we stay doing the same job throughout our woking lives. Temporary work, redundancies, adult re-training schemes and a greater emphasis on job satisfaction mean that many people hit a period in their 40s or 50s when they being to re-evaluate their lives, and decide that they want to do something which is more personally meaningful for them. Sometimes, this crisis simply takes the form of the person looking for different job. But in the modern world, such decisions usually mean re-training, and some people go back into full-time education to achieve this. Universities have growing numbers of numbers of adult students, as do colleges and training schemes, and even people who left school feeling that they were too 'thick' to gain qualifications find that this is not so, and that they can learn as effectively as anyone else.

  • 英語の短文を和訳して下さい。

    As mentioned above, the reasons for freeters and NEETs are complex. Economic and structural changes are not the only forces acting on society. Social forces also play a role. For example, in a recent government poll of young people, only 16 percent said that they thought their parents’lives were worth living. This may be because children have grown up seeing their fathers working long hours with long commutes without much free time or joy in their lives.

  • 和訳困っています><

    Insight Ritirement was originally introduced to give people a couple of year's rest before death. But people died younger in those days:nowadays, we can expect a healthy 20 or 30 years of life after retirement. Using that time constructively is one of the personal challenges of modern society. DISENGAGEMENT THEORY The first psychological theories about retirement tended to take a rather negative position. Cummings and Henry(1961) saw retirement as a gradual process of separating off from society. Old people might be numerous, but they were less visible than younger people, and less involved in social activities. Cummings and Henry saw this as part of a natural mechanism, similar to a weakend animal withdrawing from its herd to die. Cummings and Henry put forward a biological explanation for this. They proposed that, as people grow older, there is a kind of inherited biological mechanism which encourages them, gradually, to withdraw from society. They have fulfilled their evolutionary function by bringing up families and helping their offspring to survive and now, Commings and Henry argued, evolution has no place for them. As a cosequence, they become less and less involved in social affairs, leaving decision-making and social organization to younger people and become increasingly withdrawn into their own lives.

  • 英文和訳をお願いします。

    Since the early 18th century, however, the force of the rule of law has fostered standards of living that rose by 20 times in that part of the world that embraced competitive markets. Life expectancy more than doubled. And in the developing countries that have abandoned central planning for markets since the end of the Cold War, hundreds of millions of people have been elevated from subsistence poverty. Other hundreds of millions are now experiencing a level of affluence that people born in developed nations have experienced all their lives.

  • 和訳お願いします

    The article is mainly about ___. which kinds of technology people in the future will enjoy most why medical treatments of the future will improve our lives how future technology could affect everyday life what people will eat and wear in the future

  • 和訳お願いします(>_<)

    People in areas with a relatively cool climate think that they are free from catching malaria. However, recent changes in climate let mosquitoes move into parts of the world that used to be too cold for them to survive. For example, in Papua New Guinea, the higher mountain areas are becoming warmer, and mosquitoes may affect another two million people. As the world becomes warmer, the spread of malaria will be more and more of an urgent global concern.

  • 和訳をお願いします。

    以下の文の和訳をお願いします。 Britain, with 61.9 million people, has about 40.6 million people of working age. But together, the 27 countries in the European Union, population 494.9 million, represent a labor pool of about 329.7 million. (Only citizens of Romania and Bulgaria are restricted from working freely in Britain, and they will gain that right in January when temporary restrictions imposed by Britain lapse.)

  • 和訳をお願いいたします

    英文の翻訳をしていただけるかた のみで、お願いできますでしょうか? 抽象的なところは意訳していただけると ありがたいです。 どうぞよろしくお願いいたします。 This old karmic link with you is very strong. Karmic bonds are not as uncommon as people think. We have all lived many times, many lives, and one soul can be drawn back to another life after life if the bond between them is powerful enough. Some people think that everyone we meet who is important in some way in our life has a karmic connection, whether this is a teacher or master, or a best friend. I am not so sure but there are many karmic links in our life time, and this for you will be the strongest. Neither of you will be aware of the karmic link as such, only that the relationship will be compelling, almost obsessive or haunting. As though once you have met the relationship must continue come what may.