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次の英語の問題の答え合わせをお願いします。(※専門用語があります。)

  • 質問No.5123961
  • 閲覧数83
  • ありがとう数1
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  • 回答数4
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お礼率 14% (6/42)

本文を読み,パラグラフの( )の中に1つ単語を埋めなさい。
パラグラフは次のURLに書いてあります。
http://detail.chiebukuro.yahoo.co.jp/qa/question_detail.php?qid=1028273415

【本文】
 An epidemic occurs when a disease spreads through a population because its members have no natural immunity to it. Since people started living in cities about 10,000 years ago, our history is one of constant war between humans and diseases. Early cities had poor food and water supplies and poor sanitation systems, so diseases were common. Cholera used to kill many people in Europe but has now almost disappeared there because of improved sanitation. Cholera epidemics still cause many deaths in underdeveloped countries.
 In the 14th century an epidemic known as the “Black Death” killed 40 million people in Europe. It arrived in Europe on fleas living on rats that came with traders from China. Europeans caused many epidemics as they settled new parts of the world. Spanish explorers introduced smallpox into South America in the 16th century, killing off half the Aztec population. Measles, introduced into Fiji in the 19th century, killed off 40 percent of the population.
 A pandemic is an epidemic that occurs worldwide. An influenza pandemic at the end of the First World War caused 20 million deaths. Most experts believe that another influenza pandemic is inevitable at some time in the future. Some people feared that the outbreak of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) that arose in China in 2003 was that pandemic, but a major campaign to isolate infected people and those they had come into contact with was effective. By June 2003 the disease had been brought under control, although some cases were reported in 2004. During the SARS epidemic over 8,000 people were infected worldwide. Around 800 people died.
 AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It emerged in the last decades of the 20th century and has a high death rate. A lot of research has been directed toward trying to find a cure and a vaccine, but neither has yet been developed. It is estimated that AIDS will have claimed 65 million lives by 2010.
 Bacteria multiply rapidly. Some double their numbers every 20 minutes. Mutations cause some of the new bacteria to be different to the older ones. Some of the new bacteria may be resistant to antibiotics that are effective against the original ones. These new bacteria thrive while the antibiotic destroys the originals. So the antibiotic actually promotes the development of bacteria that are resistant to it.
 Hospitals throughout the world are now having problems with “superbugs”, bacteria that are resistant to different types of antibiotics. Resistance to one type of antibiotic is not a problem, since others can be used. But multi-resistance, in which bacteria develop resistance to most or all antibiotics, is increasing. One particularly nasty bacterium, MRSA, infects more than 100,000 people in the U.S. each year and has spread to other countries. It is now one of the greatest dangers to patients undergoing surgery.
 Doctors now accept that antibiotic resistance will always be with us. We need to develop new antibiotics faster than the bacteria can develop resistance to the older ones. Viruses also mutate, which is why we need to be vaccinated each year against new types of influenza. A frightening prospect is that some countries are developing new or modified diseases that could be used in warfare or by terrorists. Since they would be new diseases, populations would have no natural immunity to them.

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  • 回答No.3
  • ベストアンサー
aa) they are known as (pandemic) 同意します。

bb)MRSAで意味としては正しいと考えますが、冠詞は付かないはずです。下記の記述からすると
having problems with “superbugs”, bacteria that are resistant to different types of antibiotics.

A (superbug) is a bacterium which is resistant to many types of antibiotics.
となるはずです。

cc) Antibiotics are often used to kill bacteria and cure the diseases they cause. However, bacteria often mutate. These (bacteria) are sometimes resistant to antibiotics

とbacteriaの使用頻度が高すぎるような感じがする。bacteriaで間違いとはいえませんが、下記の記述からすると

Mutations cause some of the new bacteria to be different to the older ones. Some of the new bacteria may be resistant to antibiotics


”mutations” を代わりに使ったほうが文章がスンナリとする気がします。

その他の回答 (全3件)

  • 回答No.4

ベストアンサー率 74% (2977/4021)

No.3の回答者様のお答を見て自分の思い込みに気が付きました。
Superbugsと複数になってはいましたが、A superbugならばひとつのバクテリアとして言えます。MRSAもまたMRSA superbugと呼ばれることがあることを思い出しネットで確認しました。なので(MRSA)という私の答えは間違いで(superbug)が正しいと考えます。fruchan様、ありがとうございました。
  • 回答No.2

ベストアンサー率 74% (2977/4021)

>When diseases spread around the world, they are known as (isolate)

(pandemic):A pandemic is an epidemic that occurs worldwideから

それ以外はOKだと思います。
リンク先の回答で(MRSA)は違うというのがありましたが、これでOKです。
質問文の中にA () is a bacterium と具体的にひとつのバクテリアをあげよと支持されていますし、本文中に該当するバクテリアはmethicillin-resistant S aureus(MRSA)しかありません。"superbugs"は個別具体的なバクテリアの名前ではありません。

微生物学は私の専攻とも関連が深いです。バクテリアとウイルスは勉強すればするほど奥が深いですよね。がんばってください。
  • 回答No.1

ベストアンサー率 48% (447/921)

When diseases spread around the world, they are known as (a pandemic). となると思います。

新型インフルエンザが世界的に広がり、パンデミックと言う言葉がよく使われています。
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