高い犠牲を払った戦い-ガリポリのロンパインの戦い

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  • ガリポリのロンパインの戦いは、最も犠牲の高かった戦役の一つでした。
  • オーストラリアの将校たちの中でも特に大きな犠牲が出ました。
  • ロンパインの戦いの後、オーストラリア兵の死体は地面に敷き詰められ、迅速に埋葬されました。
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英文を日本語訳して下さい。

These represent some of the highest casualties of the campaign. The toll was particularly heavy amongst the Australian officers; both the commanding officers of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions were killed leading their troops. After the battle, the dead were so thick on the ground that one Australian, Captain Harold Jacobs of the 1st Battalion, remarked "[t]he trench is so full of our dead that the only respect that we could show them was not to tread on their faces, the floor of the trench was just one carpet of them, this in addition to the ones we piled into Turkish dugouts." Later, over 1,000 dead were removed from Australian position to be hastily buried. Seven Australians were awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions during the fighting at Lone Pine, including four men from the 7th Battalion, which had been rushed forward to help relieve the 1st Brigade at the height of the Ottoman counterattacks. One of the recipients was Corporal William Dunstan, who after the war became the general manager of The Herald newspaper in Melbourne. Another VC recipient was Captain Alfred Shout who had already earned the Military Cross and been Mentioned in Despatches earlier in the Gallipoli campaign. He was mortally wounded at Lone Pine and was later buried at sea. The other VC recipients were Privates Leonard Keysor and John Hamilton, Corporal Alexander Burton and Lieutenants Frederick Tubb and William Symons. After the war, an Australian military historical mission was sent to Gallipoli, led by Charles Bean. On Bean's advice the Australian government sought permission from the newly formed Turkish Republic to establish an official war cemetery in the area. In 1923 the Treaty of Lausanne was ratified, and through its provisions the Lone Pine cemetery was established in the area, dubbed the Daisy Patch by the Australians. There are a total of 1,167 graves in the cemetery and as of 2012, the identities of 471 bodies interred in the cemetery remain unknown. Also standing within the cemetery's grounds is the Lone Pine memorial. It is the main Australian and New Zealand memorial at Gallipoli and commemorates all the Australian and some of the New Zealanders who died during the campaign, including those who have no known grave and those buried at sea. As a result of the battle's significance to the Australians, Lone Pine is the site of the annual Australian Anzac Day dawn service at Gallipoli. After the service Australian visitors congregate at the memorial to remember all their countrymen who fought and died at Gallipoli. At the New Zealand National World War I Museum, there is an exhibit for the Battle of Lone Pine, and there is also one in the Australian War Memorial. Memorial "Lone Pine" trees have also been planted in Australia, New Zealand and Gallipoli to commemorate the battle and the Gallipoli campaign in general, seeded from specimens taken from Gallipoli. There are also many places in Australia named after the battle.

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>These represent some of ~ position to be hastily buried. ⇒これ(オーストラリア軍の損失)はこの野戦における最大の犠牲者の一部を表している。オーストラリア軍将校の間の犠牲は特に高くついた。第2大隊と第3大隊の両方の指揮官が部隊を率いて殺害された。戦いの後、死者が地面にうず高く積まれてあったので、オーストラリア軍第1大隊のハロルド・ジェイコブス大尉は、「塹壕はわが軍の死者でいっぱいで、私たちが彼らに示せる唯一の敬意、彼らの顔を踏みつぶさないことであった。塹壕の床はあたかも彼らが1つのカーペットでした。(しかも)これは、トルコ軍の待避壕に積み上げられたものとは別のものでした」と発言した。その後、1,000人以上の死者がオーストラリア軍の陣地から運び出され、急遽埋葬された。 >Seven Australians were awarded ~ Frederick Tubb and William Symons. ⇒オスマン軍が反撃する高地で第1旅団を救援するために急遽馳せつけた第7大隊の4人を含む7人のオーストラリア軍が、ローン・パインでの戦闘中の行動に対してビクトリア十字章を授与された。VC(ビクトリア十字章)受章者の1人であるウィリアム・ダンスタン伍長は、戦後、メルボルンのヘラルド新聞の総支配人になった。もう1人のVC受章者であるアルフレッド・シャウト大尉は、すでに戦功十字章を獲得しており、ガリポリ野戦の初期に派遣団で表彰されていた。彼はローン・パインで致命傷を負い、後に海に埋葬された。他のVC受章者は、レナード・キーソー兵卒、ジョン・ハミルトン兵卒、アレクサンダー・バートン伍長、フレデリック・タブ中尉、およびウィリアム・シモンズ中尉らであった。 >After the war, an Australian ~ and those buried at sea. ⇒戦後、オーストラリア軍の歴史的使命がチャールズ・ビーン率いるガリポリ(隊)に送られた。ビーンの助言に基づき、オーストラリア政府はこの地域に公式の戦没者墓地を設立する許可を新しく形成されたトルコ共和国に求めた。1923年に「ローザンヌ条約」が承認され、その規定によってこの地域にオーストラリア人の手で「デイジーパッチ」と呼ばれるローン・パイン墓地が設立された。この墓地には合計1,167柱の墓があり、2012年現在、墓地に埋葬された遺体のうち471人の身元は不明のままである。また、墓地の敷地内にはローン・パイン記念館がある。これはガリポリにおけるオーストラリアとニュージーランドの主要な記念碑であり、野戦中に亡くなったすべてのオーストラリア人と、ニュージーランド人の一部を記念している。 >As a result of the battle's significance ~ named after the battle. ⇒オーストラリア人にとっての戦いの重要性の結果として、ローン・パインは、ガリポリで毎年開催されるオーストラリア軍の「アンザックデイ」の夜明けの礼拝の場所である。礼拝後、オーストラリア人訪問者は記念碑に集まり、ガリポリで戦って亡くなったすべての同国人に思いを馳せる。「ニュージーランド国立第一次世界大戦博物館」にも「オーストラリア戦争記念館」にも、「ローン・パインの戦い」の展示がある。オーストラリア、ニュージーランド、およびガリポリにはガリポリ野戦全般を記念して、ガリポリで採取された種の「ローン・パイン」記念木が植えられた。オーストラリアには、戦闘にちなんで名付けられた場所もたくさんある。

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