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In early 1916, the German army had 900,000 men in recruit depots and another 300,000 due in March when the 1897 class of conscripts was called up. The army was so flush with men that plans were made to demobilise older Landwehr classes and in the summer, Falkenhayn ordered the raising of another 18 divisions, for an army of 175 divisions. The costly battles at Verdun and the Somme had been much more demanding on German divisions and they had to be relieved after only a few days in the front line, lasting about 14 days on the Somme. A larger number of divisions might reduce the strain on the Westheer and realise a surplus for offensives on other fronts. Hindenburg and Ludendorff ordered the creation of another 22 divisions, to reach 179 divisions by early 1917. The men for the divisions created by Falkenhayn had come from reducing square divisions with four infantry regiments to triangular divisions with three regiments, rather than a net increase in the number of men in the army.

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>In early 1916, the German army had 900,000 men in recruit depots and another 300,000 due in March when the 1897 class of conscripts was called up. The army was so flush with men that plans were made to demobilise older Landwehr classes and in the summer, Falkenhayn ordered the raising of another 18 divisions, for an army of 175 divisions. ⇒1916年初頭には、1897種類の徴集兵が召集されたとき、ドイツ軍の新兵だまりに900,000人と、3月にはさらにもう300,000人がいた。方面軍は非常に豊富なので、以前の後備軍クラスを解散させるという計画の変更があった。そして、夏に、ファルケンハインは175個の師団に力添えすべく、さらにもう18個の師団を立ち上げるよう命じた。 >The costly battles at Verdun and the Somme had been much more demanding on German divisions and they had to be relieved after only a few days in the front line, lasting about 14 days on the Somme. A larger number of divisions might reduce the strain on the Westheer and realise a surplus for offensives on other fronts. Hindenburg and Ludendorff ordered the creation of another 22 divisions, to reach 179 divisions by early 1917. ⇒ヴェルダンとソンムでの高くついた戦いで、ドイツ師団にずしんと諸要求がのしかかって、最前線ではほんの数日後に救援を待たねばならなくなり、ソンムではそれがおよそ14日間続いた。さらに多くの師団をつぎ込めば、西部戦線方面軍に対する重圧を減らし、他の戦線で攻撃のための余剰を実現できるかもしれなかった。ヒンデンブルクとルーデンドルフは、1917年前半までに179個の師団数に達するべく、もう22個師団の創造を命じた。 >The men for the divisions created by Falkenhayn had come from reducing square divisions with four infantry regiments to triangular divisions with three regiments, rather than a net increase in the number of men in the army. ⇒ファルケンハインによって創られる師団所属の兵士については、方面軍の正味兵士数を増加させるというよりはむしろ、(各師団が)4個の歩兵連隊を持つ四角構造から、3個の歩兵連隊を持つ三角構造に縮小すること(によって師団数を増やすという構想)から来たものであった。

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