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On the south side of the Ancre valley near Courcelette, the 51st Division took over from the 4th Canadian Division on 27 November. The division had only just been relieved from the line on the north bank, after the Battle of the Ancre (13–18 November 1916) with very little time for reSt Constant rain wet the ground so badly that horses drowned and men became stuck up to their waists; in December ropes were issued to drag soldiers out of the mud. New trenches collapsed as they were dug and the front and support lines were held by shell-hole posts, which became islands of squalor, as duckboards and ration boxes used as platforms sank under the mud; cooking became impossible and movement in daylight suicidal. There were epidemics of dysentery, trench foot and frostbite; old wounds opened.

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>On the south side of the Ancre valley near Courcelette, the 51st Division took over from the 4th Canadian Division on 27 November. The division had only just been relieved from the line on the north bank, after the Battle of the Ancre (13–18 November 1916) with very little time for reSt (→rest.) Constant rain wet the ground so badly that horses drowned and men became stuck up to their waists; in December ropes were issued to drag soldiers out of the mud. ⇒クルスレット近くのアンクル渓谷の南側で、第51師団が11月27日に第4カナダ師団と交代した。この師団は、ろくに休憩もとれない「アンクルの戦い」(1916年11月13–18日)のあと、北岸の戦線から救助されたところであった。打ち続く雨が地面をひどく濡らすので、馬がおぼれたり、兵士が腰まではまって動けなくなったりした。12月に、兵士を泥から引っぱり揚げるためのロープが配給された。 >New trenches collapsed as they were dug and the front and support lines were held by shell-hole posts, which became islands of squalor, as duckboards and ration boxes used as platforms sank under the mud; cooking became impossible and movement in daylight suicidal. There were epidemics of dysentery, trench foot and frostbite; old wounds opened. ⇒掘削途中の新しい塹壕が崩落し、前線と支援線は砲弾痕だらけの汚れの島になり、泥の下に沈んだプラットホーム(式台)として踏み板や割当て配給品入れの箱が使われた。料理は不可能になったが、日中の移動は自殺的であった。赤痢、塹壕足炎、および凍傷の異常発生があり、古傷が開いてしまった。

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